PARTS OF SPEECH/ ENGLISH GRAMMAR

 PARTS OF SPEECH


Every word is a part of speech. The term “part of speech” refers to the role a word plays in a sentence. And like any workplace or TV show with an ensemble cast, these roles were designed to work together. 

There are eight parts of speech.

1. NOUN

2. PRONOUN.

3. VERB.

4. ADJECTIVE.

5 .ADVERB

6. PREPOSITION.

7. CONJUNCTION.

8. INTERJECTION.



Noun

A noun is a person, place, concept, or object. Basically, anything that’s a “thing” is a noun, whether you’re talking about a basketball court, San Francisco, Mumbai.

Nouns fall into two categories: common nouns and proper nouns. 

Common nouns are general names for things, like planet and game show. Proper nouns are specific names for individual things like Jupiter,India

PRONOUN

Pronouns are the words you substitute for specific nouns when the reader or listener knows which specific noun you’re referring to. 

You might say “Jennifer was supposed to be here at eight,” then follow it with “she’s always late; next time I’ll tell her to be here a half-hour earlier.” 

Instead of saying Jennifer’s name three times in a row, you substituted she and her and your sentences remained grammatically correct. Pronouns are divided into a range of categories, and we cover them all in our guide to pronouns

ADJECTIVE

Adjectives are the words that describe nouns. Think about your favorite movie. How would you describe it to a friend who’s never seen it?

You might say the movie was funny, engaging, well-written, or suspenseful. When you’re describing the movie with these words, you’re using adjectives. An adjective can go right before the noun it’s describing (I have a black dog), but it doesn’t have to. Sometimes, adjectives are at the end of a sentence (my dog is black).

VERB

Go! Be amazing! Run as fast as you can! Win the race! Congratulate every participant for putting in the work to compete!

These bolded words are verbs. Verbs are words that describe specific actions, like running, winning, and being amazing. 

Not all verbs refer to literal actions, though. Verbs that refer to feelings or states of being, like to love and to be, are known as nonaction verbs. Conversely, the verbs that do refer to literal actions are known as action verbs.

ADVERB

An adverb is a word that describes an adjective, a verb, or another adverb. Take a look at these examples:

Here’s an example: I entered the room quietly. Quietly is describing how you entered (verb) the room.

Here’s another example: A cheetah is always faster than a lion. Always is describing how frequently a cheetah is faster (adjective) than a lion.

PREPOSITIONS

Prepositions tell you the relationship between the other words in a sentence. 

Here’s an example: I left my bike leaning against the garage. In this sentence, against is the preposition because it tells us where I left my bike. 

Here’s another example: She put the pizza in the oven. Without the preposition in, we don’t know where the pizza is. 

CONJUNCTION

Conjunctions make it possible to build complex sentences that express multiple ideas. 

I like marinara sauce. I like alfredo sauce. I don’t like puttanesca sauce. Each of these three sentences expresses a clear idea. There’s nothing wrong with listing your preferences like this, but it’s not the most efficient way to do it. 

Consider instead: I like marinara sauce and alfredo sauce, but I don’t like puttanesca sauce. 

In this sentence, and and but are the two conjunctions that link your ideas together. 

INTERJECTION

An interjection is a word or expression that occurs as an utterance on its own and expresses a spontaneous feeling or reaction.

It is a diverse category, encompassing many different parts of speech, such as exclamations (ouch!, wow!), curses (damn!), greetings (hey, bye), response particles (okay, oh!, m-hm, huh?), hesitation markers (uh, er, um) and other words (stop, cool).you can easily find interjection by seeing that exclamation mark most of time

Figuring out parts of speech

Sometimes, it’s not easy to tell which part of speech a word is. Here are a few easy “hacks” to quickly figure out what part of speech you’re dealing with: 

 1 .If’s its an adjective plus the ending “-ly,” it’s an adverb. Examples: commonly, quickly.

2. If you can swap it out for a noun and the sentence still makes sense, it’s a pronoun. Example: We played basketball. / Steve and I played basketball. 

3. If it’s something you do, and you can modify the sentence to include the word do, it’s a verb. Examples: I have an umbrella. / I do have an umbrella. 

4. If you  can remove the word and the sentence still makes sense, but you lose a detail, the word is most likely an adjective. Example: She drives a red van. / She drives a van.

5. If you can remove the word and the sentence doesn’t make sense, it’s likely a preposition. Example: I left my notebook on the desk. / I left my notebook the desk.

~~Here are some examples of parts of speech which will help you get down them easily.

1. We left for the mountain just before six in the morning. 

Verb

2. We first went to the store to buy a few things. 

Preposition

3. We had a breakfast at a café near the rail station. 

Noun

4. My friend wasn't strong enough to lift his heavy rucksack. 

Adjective

5. I helped him carry it. 

Pronoun

6. The weather was very cold. 

Adverb

7. My friend said, "Oh! What a cold weather!" 

Interjection

8. We didn't spend the night there.

Adverb

9. We got back home late at night but we didn't go to sleep immediately. We were very hungry. 

Conjunction

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post