Maharshtra borad 7th std English Balbharati solutions unit 3

 Maharshtra borad 7th syd English Balbharati solutions

Unit 3

MAHARASHTRA BOARD 7TH STD ENGLISH BAL BHARATI SOLUTIONS Unit 3


 3.1 Tartary 

Textbook Questions and Answers

 Find the words that mean the following, from the first stanza.

Gold hammered into a flat, thin shape : ………………..

> beaten gold

Show off proudly : ………………..

> flaunt

Tilt, move at an angle : ………………..

>slant

Across, especially in a slanting direction : ………………..
>athwart

Find the names of the exotic musical instruments and animals mentioned in the poem.

Exotic musical instruments mentioned in the poem are harp, flute and mandoline. Animals mentioned are fishes, zebras, tigers and peacock.

In the last stanza, there are three-four letter words that refer to a beautiful valley. They are:

1. dale,
2. vale,
3. glen.

From the poem, find three lines that use comparisons.

Her trembling lake like foamless seas.
Yellow as honey, red as wine.
And, clustered thick as seeds.

Colour, sound and images from nature add to the beauty of a poem: ‘Tartary’ is a perfect example of the above. Pick out lines that contain:

1. colour,
2.sound,
3. images of native:
 Answer:
1. Colour:
her rivers silver pale!
In every purple vale!
And in the evening lamp would shine. Yellow as honey red as wine
I’d wear a robe of beads & gold

2. Sound:
Trumpeters everyday. To every meal would summon me.
While harp and flute and mandoline made music sweet and gay

3. Images from the nature.
Her flashing stars, her scented breeze.
Her river silver pale!
And in my pools great fishes slant.
Her bird-delighting citron trees.
Glen, thicket, wood and dale.

 Complete the following phrases with the help of the poem.

……………. music
……………. rivers
……………. breeze
……………. lake
……………. citron-trees
Answer:

sweet and gay music
silver-pale river
scented breeze
trembling lake
bird-delighting citron-trees

Write about the daily routine of the ‘Lord of Tartary’ in 8-10 lines.

The Lord of Tartary would get up very early in the morning. He would wear a dress of green, white and gold beads. These beads would be placed very close to each other just like seeds. And before the waning of the morning star he would wear his robe, take his sword, and then go out in the valley in his carriage drawn by seven zebras. At meal time, be summoned by trumpeters. In the evening, he would enjoy the shining lamps and sweet music played by musicians. At night he would enjoy the flashing stars and the scented breeze by the lakeside lined with citron-trees.

Using your imagination write about a beautiful region – its landforms, water bodies, flora and fauna, night sky, people etc.

My mind races to a beautiful mountain range full of huge tall trees with winding creepers. A few monkeys could be seen jumping from the branches across trees as if engaged in a game. The crisp chirping of birds could be heard. The setting sun cast a reddish-yellow glow on the horizon and I could see the gurgling stream flowing down the slopes of the mountain as if to reach a destination.

Through the winding paths, one could see villages with loads of household goods trekking up the way to their homes nestled in the slopes of the mountain. As the night grew, the dim lights from the modest homes seemed to complete with the bright shining stars, far away in the sky. The occasional cool breeze, faithfully carried the fragrance of the trees, leaves and the blooms with if it was a blissful feeling – away from the din and noise of the crowded city life.

Language Study.

Consonance: Consonance is repetition of one or more consonant sounds especially at the end of words. Consonance is usually pleasant lo the ear.
Examples:

Piller-patter, pitter-patter
Rivers silver-pale
The lint was sent with the tent.
All’s well that ends well.

Find at least two examples of consonance from poems that you study in this book.

Answer:
e.g.
1. pitter-patter
2. 2. gold and green
3. Give Similar examples.

Complete the sentences.

My bed should be_________________
And in my forests_________________
Yellow as honey,___________________

Answer:

of ivory
tigers haunt
red as wine

How does the poet begin the poem?

The poet begins the poem on the assumption that if he were the Lord of Tartary and wants all things beautiful for himself like a little child “myself and me alone.”

The poet expresses his desire for certain things specifically. According what do you what do the following signify?

Ivory - luxury
peacocks - beauty and majesty
tigers - strength/ power
shining lamps - decor asethctics brightness beauty

harp and flute - ear of musi

Who will summon the Lord to every meal?

The trumpeters will summon the Lord to every meal.

State and explain the figures of speech in the given lines.

of beaten gold my throne

Inversion: The word order has been changed. The correct word order is ‘my throne of beaten gold’.

And in my court should peacocks flaunt.

Inversion: The word order has been changed. The correct word order is ‘And in my court peacock should flaunt’.

Yellow as honey, red as wine.

Simile – Lamp’s yellow shine is directly compared to honey and its red shine is compared to wine.

White harp and flute and mandolin

Repetition – The word ‘and is repeated for poetic effect.

Made music sweet and gay.

Alliteration – The sound of’m’ in words made and music is used to add beauty to the poem.

Complete the sentences.

1. The lake of Tartary trembles like______
2. The purple dale ha_____
Answer:
1. foamless seas
2. bird-delighting citron trees

How does the poet want his robe to be?

The poet wants his robe to be made of white, golden and green coloured beads placed quite close to one another.

What does he want to do before the morning star is out of sight?

Before the morning star is out of sight, the poet wants to wear his robe and ride through the dark open spaces in the forests. He hopes to travel in his car drawn by seven zebras.

How does the poet portray the natural beauty of Tartary.

The poet imagines a variety of fruits, silver pale rivers, valleys of dense forests and bushes, flashing stars, scented breeze, shining stars in the sky and citron trees habited by delightful birds in his Kingdom of Tartary.

Poetic Device.

And clustered thick as seeds

Simile – There is a direct comparison between the beads in the robe to a cluster of seeds to add to the poetic effect.

And zebras seven should draw my car

Inversion – The prose order is changed for poetic effect.

Glen, thicket, wood, and dale

Tautology – The words ‘glen’ and ‘dale’ which mean the same are used in the same line for a better poetic effect.

Her trembling lake like foamless sea.

Simile: The lake is directly compared to a sea for a better poetic effect.
Personification: Inanimate object ‘lake’ is given the human quality of trembling for a better poetic effect.
Alliteration: The sound of T is repeated in words ‘lake’ and ‘like’ for a better poetic effect.

Her rivers silver-pale!

Exclamation – A strong emotion is expressed for a better poetic effect.

And ere should wane the morning star.

Inversion – The word order has been changed. The correct word order is ‘and ere the morning- star should wane’.

Pick out two pairs of rhyming words from the poem.

pale-dale
beads-seeds

Tartary Summary in English

The poet says that if he were the Lord of the imaginary kingdom called ‘Tartary’, he would be the sole ruler of this great land. He would sleep on bed made of ivory, sit on a throne made of gold. All types of birds and animals would visit his court. The peacocks would proudly show off its beautiful form and the well-built tigers would take a walk in the forests. The fishes would tilt and swim with their fins shining in the pools.Further ahead, the poet says that as the Lord of Tartary, he would be treated royally. With trumpeters calling him for every meal, shining lamps displaying yellow and red colours. Musicians would entertain him by playing exotic musical instruments such as harp, flute and mandoline.

He wishes to wear a robe of beads of white gold & green. Before the morning stars wane, he would wear his robe and with a sword in his hand, go around the valley in a carriage drawn by seven zebras.
As the lord of Tartary, he would own all the juicy fruits the silver-pale rivers, hills full of bushes and trees. In the night, he would enjoy the beauty of the shining stars and the sweet fragrance of the breeze. The purple valley with citron-trees that delight the birds would add to the beauty of Tartary.

 3.2 Compere a Programme

1. The items in the programe below have got mixed up.

Rearrange them in the proper order. Just add the number in the left-hand column.

Balanand Vidyalaya Art Festival Programme

Dignitaries arrive
Igniting the lamp
Welcome and introduction of guests
Appraisal of the Art Festival
Recital of ‘Taal Kacheri’
Koli Dance
The Boy Comes Home – A skit by Std. IX
Prize distribution
Chief Guest speaks
Vote of thanks

2. Form groups of 5-8. This passage tells us only what the compère says.

Try to visualise and write what the other people on the dais must have said In their speeches (Write only the main points.)
1. The School Principal
2. The Chief Guest
3.The Art teacher who offered vote of thanks
The compere thanks the Principal, Dr. Ajinkya Parakhi.
The compere thanks the Chief Guest- for releasing the book and formally inaugurating the art festival.
Choose the appropriate phrase to insert in the gaps to make the sentences meaningful. Use the appropriate form of the verb.
to appraise
to be relieved of
to draw the curtain
to escort
to be likened to
to have butterflies in ones stomach

Before we ………….., let us stand in attention for the National Anthem.

draw the curtain

I ………….. just as I was to receive my Report Card.

had butterflies in my stomach

After I took the medicine, I ………….. ………….. of the pain.

was relieved


Before we do the experiment in the laboratory, let me ………….. you all about it.

appraise

The Minister ………….. by his personal bodyguards.

was escorted

Sorrowful times ………….. to darkness.

are likened.

 Prepare a News Report in brief on this Art Festival.


Art Collage

– by a student reporter

Balanand Vidyalaya, June 26: Balanand Vidyalaya had organised a Art Festival on 25th June, 2017 in the school. Preparations for the same had begun days in advance. Their Art teacher, Ms. Shilpa Sanghani was confident as everything was well planned.

The function began with the lighting of the lamp followed by the welcome speech and introduction of guests. The Chief Guest for the function Shri Charudatta Diwan was welcomed by the Principal with a token of two volumes of Cherished Lives of Great Artists. The Convener of the Art Festival, Ms. Shilpa Sanghani welcomed the President of Balanand Academy, Mr. Avadhoot Pathak. The Principal briefed the audience about the Art Festival after which a special book comprising photographs of unique pieces of art contributed by students was released by the Honourable Chief Guest.

Art in its different forms were then presented by the students. This included Taal Kacheri, Koli dance and a light comedy play. The prize distribution thereafter came as a pat on their back. While Taal Kacheri won the first prize, the Koli dance won the second prize. The Chief Guest Shri Diwan’s speech on various aspects of Art and Culture left the audience with new insights.

In the end a vote of thanks was proposed by Ms. Shilpa Sanghani. When asked one of the parents remarked, “Such activities give an impetus to Art and Culture and encourage students to realize their potential.” The Art Festival was a grand success underlining the importance of co-curricular activities in school.

 Chalk out detailed programmes for the following occasions.

1. The Teacher’s Day programme in your school.
2.An exhibition of science projects arranged in your classroom.
3. A wedding anniversary/birthday celebration for your grandparents that you have arranged with your family.
Answer:

Teacher’s Day programme:

Welcome Speech by the Head Boy
Speech on importance of teachers by the Head Girl.
Felicitation of teachers
Address by the Principal
Cultural Programme
Games
Vote of thanks
National Anthem
Snacks

Exhibition of Science projects in classroom:

Welcome speech by monitor
Ribbon cutting ceremony
Speech by the Principal
Judging of projects
Prize distribution
Vote of thanks
National Anthem

3. Birthday celebration for grandfather:

Welcome grandparents
Powerpoint show on Grandfather
Talks by relatives and friends
Cake cutting
Snacks and refreshment
Vote of thanks

Language Study.

Object: Direct and indirect – An object is a word, phrase
or clause that shows the person. thing etc. affected by the action of the verb.
The underlined words or phrases in the following sentences are objects.
1. Mother drives a scooter.
2. He gave me a pen.

 There are two types of object: direct and indirect. The direct object Is directly affected by the action. For example, in sentence 2 above, ‘a pen’ Is direct object. An indirect object refers to the person or a thing to whom/for whom the action Is done. In sentence 2 above, ‘me’ is an indirect object.

He told the boys a story
Amruta gave me a stern look.
His friend gifted him a kettle
A neighbour gave him a ticket
Davy gave Faraday an impossible task.
Harsh Serves them breakfast
Shweta told me her problems.

Direct object Indirect object
1. A story the boys
2.  a stern look me
3.  a kettle him
4. a ticket him
5. an impossible task Faraday
6.  breakfast them
7. her problems me

Answer the following questions.

Why does the compere request the audience to switch off their mobile phones?

The compere requests the audience to switch off their mobile phones so that they can give undivided attention to the creative expressions of the youngsters and not get distracted by their other pre-occupations and ringtone.

Why does she request them to be seated?

She requests them to take their seats so that she can begin the programme.

At the beginning of the programme, who does the compere address by name?

At the beginning of the programme, the compere addresses the Head Girl by her name.

Describe the book that is released.

The book is a volume comprising photographs of all the beautiful and unique pieces of art contributed by the skillful students of Balanand Vidyalaya.

Who is taking part in the Taal Kacheri?

Sahil of Std. X A, Varsha, Vivek, Zubin and Govind are taking part in the Taal Kacheri.

Guess/Find the meaning of Taal Kacheri.

Taal Kacheri, literally translated means rhythmic instrumental musical session.

Does the compere say the following at the beginning of the programme or after it has ended?

1. What a wonderful presentation!
2. That was indeed a fantastic performance!
3. The compere says the given statements after the programme has ended.

What is meant by ‘butterflies in the stomach’?

‘Butterflies in the stomach’ means to be anxious and nervous.

How is this vocal rendition different from music?

Music is the pattern of sounds produced by people singing or playing instruments expressing ideas and emotions. Vocal refers to music human voice, which is singing.

Answer the following in one sentence.

Who was present at the Art Festival?

Special invitees, guests, parents, teachers and students were present for the Art Festival.

How did the programme begin?

The programme began with the lighting of the lamp.

Explain ‘Atithi Devo Bhava!’

‘Atithi Devo Bhava!’ means a guest is equivalent to God.

Which amazing quality of the lamp does the compere highlight?

The compere highlights that the lamp not only dispels darkness but also leaves way for a thousand other lamps to be lit with its flames.

How are knowledge and lamp similar?

Knowledge and lamp are similar in the fact that they both spread light. They only add and multiply.

Who gave away the prizes to the prize winners?

The Chief Guest, Shri Charudatta Diwan gave away the prizes to the prize winners.

Which is the school in question?

The school in question is Balanand Vidyalaya.

Why is the lamp said to be having an amazing quality?

A lamp can dispel or remove darkness and also help to light a thousand other lamps from its flames. Hence it is said to possess an amazing quality.

What is the lamp compared to? Give reason.

The lamp is compared to knowledge because when you share knowledge, it never reduces. One can share knowledge with thousands of people and enlighten their minds.

What do we learn about Shri Charudatta Diwan from the compere’s speech?

From the compere’s speech, we learn that Shri Charudatta Diwan is a renowned artist, a painter of international repute, proud recipient of many prestigious awards and President of Kala Ranjan Academy.

Who are the following?

Mr. Avadhoot Pathak
Ms. Shubhada Murarka
Mr. Ajinkya Parakhi
Answer: 

President of Balanand Education Society
Head Girl of Balanand Vidyalaya
Principal of Balanand Vidhyalaya

Give one world for the following.

the formal beginning of an event
one who receives
having high status
noteworthy and important
Answer:

inauguration
recipient
prestigious
eminent

Write the antonyms.

gather
auspicious
request
honour

Answer:

disperse
inauspicious
order
dishonour

Form a word chain of verbs.

e.g. announce – extend – deliver – request
1. Break, ……., ……., …….
2. Release, ……., ……., …….
3. Visit, ……., ……., …….
 Answer:
1. keep, pick, kick
2. educate, end, dance
3. teach, hide, elimination

Knowledge, too, spreads light (Rewrite the sentence removing ‘too’)

Knowledge also spreads light.

It is indeed a proud privilege. (Make exclamatory)

What a proud privilege it is!

Personal Response.

Do you have a school song? What does it tell you?

Yes, we have a school song by the name ‘The Temple of Learning’. It tells us about how a school acts as a sheltered cocoon for students preparing them to take a flight spreading their wings in the beautiful world outside.

Who were the participants of Taal Kacheri? Which instruments did they play?

Varsha played the Mridangam, Vivek was on Dholak, Zubin played the Tabla and Ghatam was played by Govind. Sahil gave the vocal reaction.

What kind of play is ‘The Boy Comes Home’?


‘The Boy Comes Home’ is a light comedy.

The Art Festival aims at encouraging the students and bringing out their creative best. How do we know this from the extract?
The Art Festival included a Book release in which various students had contributed their creative work. Besides students also displayed their talent through music, dance and play. This tells us that the Art Festival aims to be a launching pad for students to reach greater heights in the field of Art and Culture.

Give antonyms.

unique
deliver
pleasure
introductory

Answer

ordinary, common
collect
sadness, pain
conclusive

What a wonderful presentation! (Make assertive)

It was indeed a wonderful presentation.

3. Personal Response.

Do you think such programmes inspire students? Give reasons for your answer.

Yes, I think such programmes inspire students. Mark Twain has rightly remarked, “Thousands of geniuses live and die undiscovered – either by themselves or by others. Such programmes help students to get over their fears and also build up their confidence. It also serves as a platform to showcase their hidden talents. Appreciation in the form of award/trophy further encourages them to do even better.

Make sentences using the phrases.

To have butterflies in one’s stomach

When Ria was about to enter the interview room, she had butterflies in her stomach.

To lend a helping hand
Many Mumbaikars lent a helping hand to those who had got stranded due to floods. OR She was always ready to lend a helping hand to the needy.

Do as directed.

Look at the amazing quality of this lamp. (Add a question tag)

Look at the amazing quality of this lamp, won’t you?

It only adds and multiplies. (Rewrite as negative)

It does nothing but adds and multiplies.

Our Indian culture regards guests as gods. (Begin with ‘Guests are … ’)

Guests are regarded as gods in our Indian culture.

We have gathered here for the inauguration of our School Art festival. (Frame a Wh- question)

What have we gathered here for?

Different states display their unique identity through their respective culture. (Rewrite using Modal auxiliary of possibility)

Different states might display their unique identity through their respective culture.

Find words with the given clues.


Clues.

to give information about
famous and respected within a particular sphere
a special right
used for flooring
Joyous

Answer:

Appraise
Eminent
Privelege
Tile
Festive

Compere a Programme Summary in English

The lesson ‘Compere a Programme’ serves as a model for students to compere official, staged events in school or other places. The compere takes charge of the smooth delegation of the events of the itinerary and most importantly, in a planned sequence. Right from instructions to the audience, to inviting dignitaries for the introductory talk, prize distribution, speech etc., the compere takes the programme ahead in a lively manner. The students also need to notice the formal, polite language and vocabulary used during such events. Besides al’l this, the lesson has a message for all schools. It is to encourage our younger generation to preserve and pass on our rich traditions through such events.A compere is an official presenter of a ceremony, a staged event or programme. Compering a programme holds great importance as the success of a programme largely depends on the way it is compered.

 3.3 A Crow in the House

 
Textbook Questions and Answers

 Find antonyms for the following from the story.

motionless × restless
captivity × freedom
frequent × sometimes
dull × gleaming
gentle × throaty
co-operated × objected
deep × shallow

Now try to find out synonyms (words that mean the same. for the following: (You may use a dictionary/thesaurus.

disapproved: objected
bits/pieces: shreds
achievement: success
attracted: fascinated
nuisance: pest
mishap: disaster
controlled: restricted
rebuke: scold

Using your imagination, write how the other pets in the house could have objected to Caesar living in their house.

The pet dog Bruno and the little pet cat Tisca would have got upset about the author’s attention-getting divided. Tisca would have refused to eat or drink and Bruno must have barked each time the author would play with Caesar. Bruno and Tisca would have leapt onto the writer’s lap to get his attention like before. Their pet parrot in the cage would have squabbled and squawked at the very sight of Caesar and called him names to tease him.

Rewrite in your own words.

One event from the story.

When Aunt Mabel paid the author a visit, Caesar impressed her by landing on her arm and demanding a kiss. As soon as Aunt Mabel (all delighted. put her cheeks forward, her spectacles grabbed his attention and he knocked them off.

One of the Caesar’s traits that makes you laugh.


Begining with getting comfortable in the author’s house, caesar slowly started annoying the pets already there. He would tug at the tail of one of the dogs or sit on top of Harold, the hornbill’s cage and peck his feet and annoy him. This trait makes me laugh.

Hold a debate on ‘Pets or Pests’.

Pets are the most lovable beings around us. When it comes to dogs, loyalty is their trademark. Besides being friendly, they shower unconditional love. Their presence in itself is a stress buster. They have the art of lifting one’s spirit with their playfulness and joyful nature. Pets help combat depression. Most pets are least demanding.

When one comes home all tired from the workplace, pets are always there to welcome. Their cheerfulness is extremely contagious. Their very presence adds to the energy of the environment. Although they cannot speak like humans, they express their emotions far more effectively. When it comes to understanding emotions, pets sense it pretty fast.

So pets are a blessing to have. Pets are pests as they are quite demanding when it comes to food. All of us know how choosy a cat is. Besides, pets eat into one’s constructive time as they are dependent for their daily chores. They dirty the house and require special training. Not all pets are friendly. Some even create trouble for the neighbourhood and the owner of the pet is held responsible. Guests fear coming home when they know there is a pet dog.

Moreover, one cannot travel with a carefree mind when one has a pet back home. Making adjustments to keep the pet when one is away is another challenge. When one loses one’s pet, it becomes quite difficult to overcome the sorrow due to emotional attachment. Hence, at times, pets turn out to be pests.

Write an interesting story about your own or your friend’s pet.

Yes, I do have a pet dog named Brady. He usually gets along well with almost everyone. But one of my neighbours Ms. Miranda, an old woman, aged 70, never managed to impressed the canine. He would do did his utmost to make her life miserable. Sometimes tilting her dustbin kept outside her door, spreading garbage all over her entrance door, other times barking at her guests so fiercely to shoo them away before they could even meet her.

But one evening when Ms. Miranda got stuck in the lift, Brady immediately recognised her voice. He couldn’t bear to hear her cry of anxiety mixed with fear. Off he went running, searching for the security guard and rescued her. Since then both, Brady and Ms. Miranda are best friends.

Complement: 

There are two types of complement: subject complement and object complement. Subject complement Is a word or a phrase used after a verb that describes the subject. The underlined words and phrases in the following sentences are subject complements.
1. I am hungry.
2. My sister became a teacher.
The word ‘hungry’ and the phrase ‘a teacher’ describe the subjects of the verbs. Therefore, they are subject complements. An object complement comes after the object of a verb and gives us information about the object. The underlined words and phrases in the following sentences are object complements.
3. The class made her the monitor.
4. The teacher found my answer correct.
The phrase the monitor’ gives us information about the object ‘her’. The word ‘correct’ gives us information about the object ‘my answer’.

Answer the following questions.

Who were the other members of the author’s family living in the same house?

Author and his grandparents lived in the same house.

Did the author’s Grandfather like animals? How do we know that? Give two examples from this page to support your answer.

Yes, the author’s Grandfather liked animals. We know this from the fact that Grandfather already had some pets and Caesar was taken good care of by Grandfather when he was ailing.

What is implied in ‘He took over the administration of the house?

Inspite of the opposition to caesar’s presence in the house from Grandmother, Aunt Mabel and Grandfather’s pets, he made himself comfortable there. This is what is meant by “He took over the administration of the house.”

Guess how Caesar learnt to say ‘Hello, hello’.

The author laught caesar to, say ‘Hello, hello’ in a cracked throaty voice.

What is meant by ‘Aunt Mabel never was a success with the pets’? Can you think of the reasons why it was so?

Aunt Mabel never was a success with the pets means she didn’t get along well with pets. She, probably, must be afraid of them or there must be some inherent dislike for pets. It came in the way of pets developing a rapport with her as they are very quick to sensing love.

What is implied in the following sentence? Most of the neighbours were represented in our house by a toothbrush.

Caeser stole and gathered toothbrush from his neighborhood and made a collection of them on top of the cupboard in his room. As, he was very fond of them. This implied that ‘Most of the neighbors were represented in our house by a toothbrush.

What actions of the author show that he loved Caesar?

The author brought the injured crow home and called it Caesar. Despite Grandmother being unhappy about Caesar’s mischiefs, the author never got upset or thought of getting rid of him. When he died, the author dug a grave in the garden and buried Caesar there along with all the clothes, pegs and toothbrushes. He weven taught him how to talk and kiss These actions of the author show us that he loved Caesar.

Why did the author not expect the crow to live?

The author did not expect the crow to live because it was in a very sorry state with its beak gaping and head dropping.

How did the author and his Grandfather revive the injured crow?

The author and his Grandfather fed the crow little bread and milk; varied this diet with occassional doses of Grandmother’s home-made wine in order to revive the bird.

How did Caesar trouble Aunt Mabel?

When caesar alighted on her arm, the delighted Aunt Mabel leaned forward for a kiss. But her glaming spectacles caught his altention and he knocked them off.

Where would the neighbours clothes be lying? Why?

The neighbours clothes would be lying in the mud with no sign of pegs because Caesar would steal the pegs and take it to the writer’s house.

What dangers were likely to befall the young crow?

The Young crow was in danger of being crushed by a cart or tonga or seized by a cat.

To whom do these names refer?

1. Mabel
2. Caesar

1. Mabel refers to the author’s aunt.
2. Caesar refers to the young crow brought home by the author.

Use appropriate form of the word given in brackets.

1. I picked it up and it home, (bring.
2. He was his freedom (offer.

1. I picked it up and brought it home.
2. He was offered his freedom.

Complete the table.


Present Tense Past Tense Past Participle
…………… brought brought
fall ……………… fallen
…………… kept kept
give ……………. given
Answer..

Present Tense - Past Tense - Past Participle
bring - brought - brought
fall - fell - fallen
keep - kept - kept
give - gave - given

Personal Response.

What pranks did Caesar engage in?

During meal times Caesar would dance about on the dining table until he was given a bowl of meat soup and vegetables. He would empty the contents of the match-box, rip the daily paper to shreds, overturn a vase of flowers or tug at the tail of one of the dogs.

Caesar did not show any inclination to

join the other crows in the banyan tree

Perching on top of Harold’s cage, Caesar would

peck at the big bird’s feet

Why did the writer not cage Caesar?

When the writer put Caesar in a cage, he cawed and flapped his wings so fiercely that they thought that for their own peace of mind, it was best not to cage him.

Why did Caesar not mingle with other crows, according to Grandfather?

According to Grandfather, Caesar did not mingle with other crows because he was a jungle crow and looked at ordinary crows with contempt.

Vocabulary.

Use prefix ‘in’/’un’ with any two words from the extract to make its antonymns.

1. kind
2. human
Answer:
1. unkind
2. inhuman

Give verb forms.

1. little
2. inclination
Answer:
1. belittle
2. incline

Give one word for the following.

1. to come down
2. shining brightly
Answer:
1. alighted
2. gleaming.

Grammar.

He would sit for hours outside the window. (Rewrite using modal auxiliary of past ability..


He could sit for hours outside the window.

I had also taught him to sit on my arm. (Pick out the infinitive..)

to sit – infinitive.

Personal Response.

Which two contrasting traits of Caesar does the passage highlight? Do all animals and birds have this?

Caesar on one hand is a very snobbish and mischievous crow troubling the Hornbill and not mingling with other crows. But on the other hand, he comes across as a very loving bird greeting the writer and kissing him. Yes, I think all animals and birds have these contrasting traits just as we humans do. They are good to some people and mischievous with the ones who don’t like them.

State whether the following sentences true or false.

1. Caesar often managed to snatch sweets from children.
2. An occasional sip of Grandmother’s wine finally led to disaster.
Answer:
1. true
2. false.

Where did Caesar store his stolen goods?

Caesar stored his stolen goods on top of the author’s cupboard.

Why did Grandmother’s blood pressure go up?

Watching Caesar steal combs, keys pens, pencils etc. from neighboring houses, Grandmother’s blood pressure went up.

Where did the author bury him?

The authors dug a shallow grave in the garden and buried him there.

Vocabulary.

Give norm forms for the following.

restrict
fascinate
spy
refuse

Answer:

restriction
fascination
spy
refusal

Use ‘spy’ as a noun and verb in sentences.


Noun – Vijay’s brother worked as a spy for FBI
Verb – It is a very sensitive matter to spy for one’s country.

Grammar.

Grandfather and I washed and bandaged his leg and gave a sip of homemade wine. (Rewrite using ‘Not only but also’)

Grandfather and I not only washed and bandaged his leg but also gave a sip of homemade wine.

Personal Response.

Do you think the author had any feelings when he found Caesar dead?

The expression “Poor Caesar!” by the author shows that he had a soft corner for Caesar. They both shared a loving relationship with Caesar welcoming the author back from school saying, ‘hello, hello’ and “Kiss, Kiss” by sitting on his arm and placing his head against the author’s mouth.

I dug a shallow grave in the garden. (End with ‘………. by me’)

A shallow grave was dug in the garden by me.

He grew weaker day-by-day. (Make negative)

He didn’t grow stronger day-by-day.

Make sentence.

to bring it round

The doctors put in their best efforts to bring the patient round.

to make oneself at home

I made myself at home in the new hostel room within few days.

to tug at something

The beggar tugged at my sleeve asking for some money.

to get rid off

I got rid off the old story books by giving them to the child next door.

to find one’s way

I found my way to the college on my own.

Caesar was joining us at mealtimes. (Identify the tense)

was joining – past continuous tense.

He danced about on the dining table. (Change into present continuous tense.)

He is dancing about on the dining table.


Use the following phrases in sentence.

1. do your best
2. on the road to recovery

1. My grandma tells me to do my best when I take up any task.
2. After the revaging floods, the state of of Kerala is on the road to recovery.

Writing Skills.

Write a character sketch on Caesar.

Caesar was the author’s pet crow who had been brought home by him after an injury. Caesar, was typically wild with all his anti-social activities. He had made the life of his caretakers difficult. The other pets in the house too did not like him as he would not spare them as well. The fact that he did not mingle with other crows shows that he was too snobbish. He couldn’t be caged and so he made the most of the freedom that he got by troubling others.

He comes across as a hoarder who loved to amass various things ranging from essentials like toothbrushes and combs to false teeth. However, lying beneath this arrogant behaviour, was a layer of love and warmth for the writer whom he greeted with a ‘hello’ and a kiss. He was a good learner as he had learnt to say ‘hello’. But his own notorious action landed him in trouble and proved fatal when he was hit with a stick. In short, Caesar was a wild bird who loved to live a life on his own terms around the author’s house.

Formative Assessment.

Crows are very common to India. Gather some information about them.

Are crows intelligent?
Can you teach a crow to talk?
Are crows friendly?
Do crows have funerals?
Answer:

Crows are nearly as intelligent as ravens. They have a good memory for human faces and approach people differently.
Several crows can mimic human speech.
Crows are very social species and live in large extended family groups.
When a bird dies, crows gather squawking loudly and gathering as many other birds as they can find to come and look at the dead body.

A Crow in the House Summary in English


This extract revolves around a crow who was injured and lying on the road. He was picked up and taken home by the author and nursed back to health. How he became a pet as well as a pest in -w the family is seen in this lesson.

Ruskin Bond is an Indian author of British descent. He has made significant contribution to the growth of children’s literature in India. 

 3.4 The Brook 

 
Textbook Questions and Answers

Read the poem aloud with proper pace and rhythm.

Find the meaning of the following words.

ridges: Long narrow hill to or range (mountain bridges)

brimming: full of the margin/over followed. Full of water up to the to pledge.

eddying: spiral movement of water.

babble: meaningless talking/sound made when ones talk loudly

fallow: wasteland/left land

trout: A big freshwater fish

netted: Form of a net.

 Answer the following.

Who is the speaker in this poem?

The brook is the speaker in this poem.

Which lines are repeated in the poem? What do they mean?

The lines ‘For men may come and men may go, But I go on forever’ are repeated. They mean that nature is immortal whereas we are mortal. Men are born and will die but nature is eternal.

Where does the brook join the river?

The brook joins the river near Philip’s farm.

Mention the various places that the brook flows past.

The brook flows past the dwellings of coot and hern, the ferns, a town, villages, valleys, hills, ridges, several bridges and Philip’s farm.

Often the brook speaks of itself as if it is human. For example, ‘I bicker down a valley’. Find two other examples of the human activities of the brook.

I slip, I slide, I gloom, I glance.
 I murmur under moon and stars.

spot and write any three alliterative phrases or sentences from the poem. (Alliterative phrases/sentences are those in which the same sound is repeated.)

I slip, I slide, I gloom, I glance.
Sound of ‘s’ and ‘g’ is repeated.
I bubble into eddying bays.
I babble on the pebble.
 Sound of ‘b’ is repeated.
By many a field and fallow.
Sound of ’f’ is repeated.

List the prepositions you find in this poem.

Answer:

from, among, to, in, with, etc.

 List the phrases which have the expression ‘many a…’.

many a curve, many a fairy foreland, many a silvery water break.

 The poet uses words to create pictures or ‘images’ in the reader’s mind.

 For example, ‘And sparkle out among the fern’. Write down other lines that create images or pictures in your mind. (Any 3)

By twenty thorpes, a little town An half a hundred bridges.
By thirty hills I hurry down, or slip between the ridges.
I make the netted sunbeam dance Against my sandy shallows.

Write a short autobiography of a brook. (20 to 30 lines)

Autobiography of a Brook

I took origin among the mountains and glaciers in the lap of a slopy snowy terrain as a bubbly ever youthful brook. Many others joined me making me look bigger. I express my happiness by dancing and jumping as I flow down the valley. I am ever so glad to help birds and animals to quench their thirst. The trees in the valley are so grateful to me that they honour me by showering flowers upon me.

As I reach the plains, I slow down. My calm within and outside, inspires many great poets to offer their literary best. I am obstructed by many boulders, but I do not stop. I find my way by flowing around them. By the time I meet the big river, many small rivulets have formed from me. But now, their number is decreasing,.

I hear that the rains are often scanty. If this goes on, I might not exist at all in the future. I have served mankind for as long as I know. I plead with you all to plant more trees and preserve and protect nature for our mutual well being. Help us to survive and continue to serve you.

Which other things in nature can say – ‘For men may come and men may go, But I go on forever.’?

The sun, stars, clouds, moon, wind, space are things in nature that can say the given lines.

Use the internet, your school library or other sources for the following activities.
Try to find other nature poem.

Answer in one sentence.

What does the chattering sound of the brook seem like?

The chattering sound of the brook seems like musical sounds.

Why does the bank fret?

The bank frets because the brook changes its shape quite often by curving.

The brook mentions exact numbers of hills, villages and bridges. What does it mean?

The brook mentions exact numbers to maintain the rhythm of the poem. It actually means that it flows past several hills, villages and bridges.

What do we learn from the brook?

The brook teaches us to be cheerful and enjoy what we do. It also teaches us that we should never stop when we come across obstacles. With grit and patience, we should overcome these obstacles and achieve our goals.

What do the following do?

blossom – sail
swallow – skim
sunbeam – dance

Name the marine beings mentioned in the poem?

The poet mentions fishes such as trout and grayling and also the swallow bird.

Which words of movement does this part of the extract mention?

The extract mentions many words of movement such as travel, go, slip, slide, flow sail, loiter.

Pick out an example of Antithesis.

I wind about, and in and out.

State the rhyme scheme used in the second last stanza.

Rhyme scheme – abab.

What according to you is the tone/mood of the poem? Why?

The mood/tone of the poem is cheerful as it traces the journey of a happy brook right from its origin to its mouth. There is a hint of music in lines that helps us visualize the flow of the brook.

State and explain the figures of speech.

I come from haunts of coot and hem.

Alliteration – the sound of ’h’ is repeated in ’haunts’ and ’hern’ in a pleasant manner.

I make a sudden sally.

Alliteration – the sound of ’s’ is repeated in ’sudden’ and ’sally’ for a better poetic effect.

To bicker down a valley.

Personification – the brook has been given the human quality of ’bickering’.

By thirty hills I hurry down.

Inversion: the prose order has been changed. The correct word order is ’I hurry down by thirty hills’.
Alliteration: the sound of ‘h’ repeated in hills and hurry for poetic effect.

By twenty thorpes, a little town An half a hundred bridges.

Hyperbole – the statement is exaggerated for a poetic effect.

Till last by Philip’s farm I flow
Alliteration – the sound of ’f is repeated in ’farm’ and ’flow’ for a better poetic effect and also the word Philip as it has an ’f sound.

I chatter over stony ways

Personification – the brook has been given the human quality of ’chattering’.

With many a curve my banks I fret

Inversion – the word order has been changed. The correct word order is T fret my banks with many a curve’.

With willow-weed and mallow

Alliteration – the sound of ‘w’ is repeated in the world ‘with’, ‘willow’ and ‘weed’.

I chatter, chatter as I flow

Repetition – the word ‘chatter’ is repeated for a poetic effect.

I wind about and in and out

Antithesis – two opposite words ‘in’ and ‘out’ are used in the same line for a better poetic effect.

And here and there a lusty trout

Antithesis – two words of opposite meaning ‘here’ and ‘there’ are used in the same line for poetic effect.

And here and there a foamy flake

Alliteration – the sound of ‘f is repeated in ‘foamy’ and ‘flake’ for a better poetic effect.

For men may come and men may go

Antithesis: two words it opposite meaning ‘come’ and ‘go’ are used in the same line for a better poetic effect.
 Repetition: the word ‘men’ is repeated for a better poetic effect.

I make the netted sunbeam dance

Personification – sunbeam is given the human quality of ‘dancing’.

I linger by my shingly bars;

I loiter round my cresses


Personification – the brook is given the human quality of ‘lingering’ and ‘loitering’.

The Brook Summary in English


The narrator of the poem, The Brook, takes us along its course. It narrates that it begins from the places often visited by birds. It makes noise while coming down the valley. The sunlight makes the brook’s water sparkle as it flows among the ferns and through several villages. Finally it passes by Philip’s farm and joins the overflowing river. It creates a lot of bubbles and noise while swirling around an obstacle.The brook says that it makes a lot of turns and etches out a path full of curves. Passing by many ups and downs, the brook carries blossoms on its way. A lot of fishes accompany it. Moving through different curves, the brook clashes and creates silvery water break. At the base of the brook, there are golden coloured stones. The reflection of the sunlight on the moving waters of the brook makes it seems as if the sun beams are dancing. At night under the moon and the stars, it murmurs through thorny bushes. Avoiding the obstacles, it finally flows into the river.
The poem ‘The Brook’ by Lord Tennyson or Alfred Lord Tennyson traces the journey of a brook from its origin to its mouth. Though very simple, the poem conveys a very deep message in a very subtle manner. The refrain in the poem ‘But I go on forever’ tells us that nature is eternal whereas we are emphemeral or short lived. We may come and go but nature stays forever.

3.5 News Analysis

Textbook Questions and Answers

Write a letter to your class teacher or the Principal of your school to make any one of the following requests.

a. You wish to start a news bulletin for your school/class. It will be a one-page bulletin to be published every week. A different group of students will manage the preparation of the bulletin every time.
Answer:
C/1, Elixir Apartments,
V. S. Road,
Dadar (West),
Mumbai – 400 028.
7th July, 2017.

To
The Principal,
St. John’s School,
Dadar (West),
Mumbai – 400 028.
Sub: Request to start a news bulletin. Respected Sir,
I, XYZ, the monitor of VII – B, would wish to request you to grant us permission to start a news bulletin for our school. As part of the Literary Club activity, the bulletin will serve as a platform for those who wish to enhance their writing skills and try their hands at journalism right in school.

The bulletin would be a single page weekly, covering news related to schools in our neighbourhood and their notable innovative activities and of our own school activities, achievements and programmes. This gives opportunity to students to scout around, explore and express their observations, thoughts and ideas and expose them to a new career option for later life.

Kindly consider my earnest request and grant us the permission so that the Literary Club may flourish –
Thanking you,
Yours truly,
XYZ

b. Your school library subscribes to a few newspapers. Your class wants old issue of the newspaper for some educational activity in the classroom. You are required to make cuttings/news clipping. Therefore, the papers cannot be returned to the liabrary but you will use them in a responsible manner. Use the format of a formal letter given below.


Answer:
C/1, Elixir Apartments,
V. S. Road,
Dadar (West),
Mumbai – 400 028.
7th July, 2017.

To
The Principal,
St. John’s School,
Dadar (West),
Mumbai – 400 028.

Sub: Request to issue old newspapers for a project.
Respected Sir,
I, XYZ, of class VII-B would wish to request you to grant us permission to use old newspaper clippings from the Library for our English project.

The project aims at making us aware of various types of news articles, the language used in newspaper reports and enable us to compare and see the changes that have taken place in terms of presentation and news that is printed. However, we do not have access to newspapers of the past five years.

May I earnestly request you to allow us to make use of newspaper clippings of the last five years from the school Library? I assure you that the newspaper will be used in a responsible manner.

We intend to hold competitions that will further encourage students to put in their best. Your support and guidance will help serve the purpose better.
Thanking you,
Yours truly,
XYZ

Hold a discussion in the classroom about the differences between printed newspaper, radio news bulletins, T.V. news bulletins.

The merits and demerits of the print Media are as follows:
a. Print Media (Newspapers):
Merits: These are more accessible. They are available at a low cost. They are also delivered at one’s doorstep. Besides this, one can always choose to read news of one’s choice by just turning over the pages. More suitable for senior citizens who are not tech-savvy.

Demerits: The illiterate cannot make use of the Print Media. It occupies more space after some time when the newspapers pile up. Usually the news articles are based on the thought process of the owners of the Newspaper advertisements news articles.

b. Electronic Media:
Merits: As the T.V. is an audiovisual medium it appeals to the sense of hearing and sight. The illiterate can have entertainment as well as information. It is more lively as the person can see the reporter or the panel discussing a given topic. Various news channels offer a wide variety of topics and programmes. An animated map with weather forecast is much more interesting to see as compared to reading it in black and white.

Demerits of Electronic media: Electronic media includes radio, television tablets, all phones etc. with the flooding of TV channels, cell phones with enormous features etc have enslaved man. People are hooked on to these items and direct human communication has broken down within the families too. The reason is everybody is busy with either the TV or cell phone most of the time. Children are also hooked on to these from a very early stage in life. These technologies also bring with them problems of radiation and health risks and take away personal time.

Who is Stephen Hawking?

Stephen Hawking was a physics professor.

Why did people flock to Ralewadi?

People flocked to Ralewadi to get a special powder from Miribaba that was supposed to cure all ailments.

What was the cost of the herbal powder packet?

The packet of powder was priced at Rs. 25/-

Name some herbs?

Some Common herbs are ginger, tulsi, mint.

Complete the web diagram with all non-electronic items prohibited in the examination hall as per the news item.

What is the meaning of issued, candidates and invigilators?

issued – distributed.
candidates – a person who applies for some job (here).
invigilators – people who watch students taking an exam.

Who is conducting the test?

Shivam Institute of Innovative Technology in Bengaluru is conducting the test.

Form four 4 letter words from the following:

Bengaluru
prestigious
examination

Answer:

Bengaluru – Bengal, bugle, lure, rule, glue
prestigious – Press, rest, gist, sprout, priest
examination – name, exam, mine, animation, nation

The pens will be provided in the hall by the invigilators. (Begin with ‘………….. The invigilators’)

The invigilators will provide the pens in the hall.

Why is this news published in newspapers?

This news is published in the newspaper to make the readers and other institutions aware of the steps some educational institutions are taking to prevent malpractices during exams. It also prepares the candidates taking the exam by distributing a ‘Do’s and ‘Don’ts list beforehand.

What words are used for the following in the news item:

1. Film industry.
2. Something on which a lot of money is spent.

1. Film industry – Bollywood.
2. Something on which a lot of money is spent – big-budget.

Guess why ‘Ant’ is a big-budget movie?

’Ant’ could be a big-budget movie as it must be an animated film with a lot of sound and visual effects and also because the makers had roped in Ritika, a highly paid Bollywood star.

What will be Ritika’s reaction to this news?

Ritika might be surprised to read this news as there may be no truth in it.

Guess the meaning of ‘most highly paid’, ‘revealed’, ‘sign films’.

most highly paid – someone who is paid the highest amount of salary.
revealed – to make something new known to others.
sign films – to agree to do a film by signing a contract.

She refused to give any reasons for her decision. (Change into a negative sent)

She did not give any reasons for her decision.

Make adjectives.

1. heart
2. decision
3. reason
Answers-
1. hearty
2. decisive
3. reasonable

Can you think of other reasons for Ritika’s decision to not sign any more movies after ‘Ant’?

There could be many reasons for Ritika’s decision to not sign any more movies after ‘Ant’ like disillusion with film world, desire to seek work in some foreign country, the urge to raise a family and settle down, etc.

Which words or phrases in the news refer to the earth?

The word ‘planet’ and ‘world’ in the news refer to the earth.

Which of the following problems do you believe is the most serious:

a. climate change,
b. overpopulation,
c. epidemic diseases?

Overpopulation is the most serious problem faced by the world today leading to a host of other problems.

Within two minutes tell as many words as possible related to the following words:

a. news – reporters, T.V, radio, crime, politics, movies, sports, newspaper, responsibility
b. T.V. – serials, sports, music, entertainment, education, innovation, remote control, news channels.
c. radio – AIR, Akashwani, Radio Mirchi, news, songs, recordings, talks, interviews.
d. mobile – messages, Whatsapp, charger, camera, music, games, internet, connectivity, camera, instant communication, global.

Guess the meaning of ‘mankind’?

mankind – human race.

Make verb.

dangerous – endanger
work – work
challenge – challenge
Personal Response.

Prof. Hawking wrote about the problem in the Guardian. Why is it given as ‘news’ in other papers?

Although Prof. Hawking wrote about the problem in the Guardian, it is given as ‘news’ in other papers to create awareness about the gravity of the situation and the need to take urgent, constructive steps to protect our planet from further degradation by mending our ways. As the problem in discussion concerns the whole world, putting it in other papers will help spread awareness and take some corrective steps.

Fill in the blanks

1. He has developed this powder from a special herb in the …………… .
2. Dr. …………… of Ambegaon Civil Hospital said number of patients increased in last few weeks.

1. Himalayas
2. Karnik.

Why is there a question mark in the heading?

There is a question mark in the heading as the article leaves it on us to decide or find out the truth about Miribaba’s cure. The question mark indicates that it is not certain whether the powder has the power to cure ailments.

Which part of the news is reliable? Which part may not be reliable? How do we learn that?

A report from Dr. Karnik of Ambegaon civil Hospital that there was an increase in member of patients in the last few weeks is probably more reliable. It could be that people out of blind faith went to Miribaba with their problems and were treated with some unnamed herbal powder. When their problems got out of hand or did not get better, they must have visited the civil hospital.

The claim of Miribaba’s followers that the herbal packs blessed by him cured thousands of people may be a story to cure more people towards Baber.

Will Miribaba and his followers like the news?

Miribaba and his followers will definitely not like the news.

Guess the meaning of ‘flock’ and ‘followers’.

Answer:

flock – gather or move in large numbers
followers – people supporting someone whom they believe in disciples.
Grammar.

Hundreds of people flock every hour to Ralewadi. (Frame a Wh – question to get the underlined word as an answer)

Where do hundreds of people flock every hour?

Each packet is specially blessed by him. (Separate the subject and predicate)

Each packet – Subject is specially blessed by him – Predicate.

What should you do when you fall ill?

When one falls ill one mus identify the cause of the discomfort and how it can be set right with rest and correct food. Safe home remedies could be tried and if no improvement is found, one should consult a doctor immediately.

Complete the table.

Noun - Verb - Adjective - Adverb
innovation - innovate - innovative - innovatively
measurement - measure - measurable - measurably
decision - decide - decisive - decisively
danger en - danger - dangerous - dangerously

Make sentences using the following phrases/ idioms, also write its meaning.

to break someone’s heart – to make someone very sad.

I kept up my promise of taking my five-year-old nephew out as I didn’t want to break his heart.

to flock – to gather.

Thousands of flamingoes flock to Sewri every year.

She refused to give any reasons for her decision. (Make negative)

She did not give any reasons for her decision.

We have the technology to destroy the planet on which we live. (Add a question tag)

We have the technology to destroy the planet on which we live, don’t we?

We will have built colonies amid the stars. (Rewrite in Future Perfect Continuous tense)

We will have been building colonies amid the stars.

The world today is facing huge challenges. (Rewrite ending with world today’)

Huge challenges are being faced by the world today.

She wants to make a career in politics. (Use Modal auxiliary of possibility)

She might want to make a career in politics.

Hawking wrote recently in the Guardian newspaper. (Write in question form)

Didn’t Hawking write in the Guardian newspaper recently?

Mankind is facing the most dangerous time in its history today. (Rewrite using ‘Positive degree’)

No other time faced by mankind in its history is as dangerous as today.

Imagine how this news item helped people understand the truth that Miribaba’s powder cannot cure diseases. Write the story about it in short.

After reading the article in the newspaper regarding ailing people, some truth-seekers made their way to the Ambegaon Civil Hospital. On checking the records and after talking to the patients, it was clear that Miribaba was a fraud and there was nothing miraculous in the powder as claimed by him. To set things straight, these people headed towards to Ralewadi. But the news of the truth being revealed had already reached Miribaba who fled away to save his life.

Go through a few specimens of major newspaper. You will see that each page carries only a certain type of news. Read all the news items given in the lesson of your textbook and decide their types.

Answer:
Nature
a. Educational
b. Entertainment
c. Environment
d. exploitation

Which other items do you find in a newspaper besides news?

Besides news, we find advertisements, classifieds, cartoon strips, daily horoscope, brain teaser games, recipes, letters to the editor, entertainment, etc.

News Analysis Summary in English

News Analysis is a detailed examinations of the elements of the news item presented. Here we have news items from different fields such as academics, entertainment, environment and exploitation of gullible people. It is our responsibility to read, reflect and analyse news items and verify the authenticity of the news before we share it with others.With the application of technology in mass media, we have access to news through various newspapers, magazines, T.V. Channels and through the internet

3.6 Think Before You Speak

 Textbook Questions and Answers

1. The same word can be used as a noun in some sentences and as a verb in others.


For example,
1. Many are the empty remarks …………….. Noun.
2. A wise man once remarked, ………….. 
Verb.

Make two sentences of your own with each of the words given below, using the same word as a noun in one and as a verb in another.

1. change
2. show throw
3. return
4. benefit
Answer:

1. Change:
Picnics are a welcome change from the daily routine. (Noun)
Change the way you think. (Verb)

2. Show:
The students put up a grand musical show. (Noun)
You need not show me your tickets. (Verb)

3 Throw:
That was an easy throw. (Noun)
You must throw garbage in the trash can. (Verb)

4 Return:
She promised to take me for a movie on her return from the market. (Noun)
Please return my book, as I need to complete it. (Verb)

5 Benefit:
I advice you for your own benefit. (Noun)
Children benefit from parents’ advice. (Verb)

2. Complete the following.

Our ears are like funnels because …………..

they are open all the time and there is no door with which you can close them.

The two rows of teeth are like a fence because ……………..


if we wish to speak our words have to pierce through them.

The two lips are like fence because ……………….


before a word is spoken, it has to pass through it.

Harsh words are like scattered bits of paper carried away by the wind because ………………


once you have spoken them aloud, it is very difficult to take them back.

3. Write a brief summary of the story of the young man and his spiritual teacher, making the young man the narrator.


You may begin as given below.
“I went quickly to my spiritual teacher for advice because I had ………….”
Answer:

I went quickly to my spiritual teacher for advice because I had hurt and insulted my dear friend with unkind and harsh words. When I asked him for the solution, he gave me a fresh sheet of blank paper and a pen and instructed me to write down on that paper all the harsh things I had told my friend. I obeyed. He then asked me to tear it into as many bits as I could and throw the bits out of the window.

The tiny bits scattered far and wide in no time. But to my surprise, he then asked me to collect as many bits as possible. I ran to collect them, but in vain. I couldn’t get hold of even in a single bit of paper. I returned all exhausted. He then revealed to me that spoken words are like those bits of paper, easy to scatter but difficult to take back. What was done, was done, and could not be altered. I learnt that I should think before I speak.

4. Language study.

Adverbial:

An adverbial is something that is used as an adverb. An adverbial is often one word, an adverb, as in the following example:

1.You have run fast.
But, it can also be a phrase or a clause.

2. We played on the playground.
3. I will go home when the bell rings.

In sentence 2, the phrase ‘on the playground’ is used as an adverb. In
sentence 3, the clause ‘when the bell rings’ Is used as an adverb

Answer the following questions.

Was Disraeli trying to give a scientific reason?

No, Disraeli wasn’t trying to give a scientific reason, but a logical one. He just wanted to draw our attention to the fact, that human physiology suggests that we should speak less and listen more.

Was he only trying to give a message in a light-hearted but effective way?

Yes, he was only trying to give a message in a light-hearted but effective way.

Have you ever passed an empty remark or win statement that might hurt someone? What can you do to avoid it again?

Yes, I have passed a vain statement about a classmate’s dressing sense only to realize later that she came from a poor financial background. I was lucky she didn’t hear it or else she would have been hurt. From that day I decided not to pass such remarks because often we do not know the complete background.

What did the wise teacher ask the young man to do?

The wise teacher asked the young man to write down on a paper all the harsh things he had told his friend.

What did the wise teacher ask the young man to do with the sheet of paper?

The wise teacher asked the young man to tear the sheet of paper into a hundred tiny pieces and throw the bits out of the window.

What is the similarity between the bits of paper scattered in the wind and spoken words?

Just as bits of paper scattered in the wind are difficult to gather, similarly spoken words are impossible to take back.Reading Skills, 

Benjamin Disraeli was a great

To speak eve one single words, it must
We must think at least

Answer:

Britsh Statesman
pass through two walls – two fences,
twice before we utter a word.

How do we become slaves of words spoken by us?

Once we have spoken a word we become slaves as we cannot take it back, no matter how hard we try. You cannot retrieve it.

What are unspoken words?

Unspoken words are things one wants to say, but remain unsaid as thoughts in the mind.

How do spoken words make you a slave?

Spoken words are meant to be honoured which means we have to stand by it. We say something and do not follow it, then we lose our credibility. Hence we need to think before we speak and become slave to our own words.

Two rows of teeth’. Thinks of similar expressions.

Two sets of five fingers.
Two sets of five toes.
A pairs of eyes
A pair of ears are similar expression.

Use the words ‘left’ in separate sentences and show the difference in the meaning.

My’sister uses her left hand efficiently. After the function, a lot of food was left behind. She lift without telling anybody.

Man was meant to listen more and talk less similarly make a sentence using words of opposite meaning.

We breathe in oxygen and breath out carbon dioxide.

The wise teacher gave him a fresh sheet of blank paper and pen. (Rewrite ending with ‘the wise teacher’)

He was given a fresh sheet of blank paper and pen by the wise teacher.

You cannot change them or control them. (Make affirmative)

You can hardly change them or control them.

Spoken – unspoken

Write two similar antonyms using a prefix.

Answer:
1. able – unable
2. happy – unhappy

Form adjectives.


thought
remark
nature
man
time
Answer:

thoughtful/thoughtless
remarkable
natural
manual/ manly
timely

Personal Response.

Do you remember someone else speaking to you angrily, without thinking? What did you do on that occasion? Did you also speak angrily?


Yes, I do remember a few occasions. When people have spoken to me angrily without a valid reason. Though I was angry, I did not speak angrily as I did not want an angry exchange in public.

State true or false

1. Socrates had influenced the lives of many youths for the better.
2. According to Socrates, one must never open one’s mouth to speak.
Answer:
1. True
2. False.

What are three questions one needs to ask before speaking?

Before speaking one needs to ask three questions such as – ‘Is it true?’, ‘Is it pleasant?’, ‘Is it useful?’.

Why should one ask the question ‘Is it true?’ before speaking?

One must ask the question ‘Is it true?’ before speaking because if we are not sure about the truth of what we are saying, it is better we do not speak. When we speak words carelessly, we become transmitters of the untruth.

What is the importance of asking the question ‘ ‘Is it useful?’

It is important to ask ‘Is it useful?’ before speaking because only if our words benefit the listener and comfort someone, they should be spoken.

Pick out a word from the extract that means ‘useless’.

vain

Give antonyms.

1. ancient
2. affirmative
Answer:
1. recent / contemporary
2. negative

Socrates was one of the wise men of the ancient world. (Rewrite using ‘as … as’)

Very few men of the ancient world were as wise as Socrates.

“O wise one, how may we know when it is right to speak?” they asked him. (Write in indirect speech)

Addressing him as a wise one, they asked him how they might know when it was right time to speak.

Do you agree that thinking before speaking saves one from many troubles? Explain.

Answer:
Yes, I definitely agree that thinking before speaking saves one from many troubles as we get time to analyse our thoughts and decide whether we should speak or not. Many a times when we are angry, if we think before speaking we will not have to regret what we have said. This saves many relationships.

Do as directed.

Write down on this paper all the harsh things you said to him. (Add a question tag)

Write down on this paper all the harsh things you said to him, will you?

“Throw the bits out of this window” the teacher told him. (Write in indirect speech)

The teacher instructed him to throw the bits out of that window

It will be difficult indeed. (Make negative)

It will not be easy indeed.

It will be difficult indeed, but do give it a try. (Rewrite using although)

Although it will be difficult, give it a try.


Speak only when absolutely necessary. (Frame a Wh-question)

When should one speak?

The young man went out. (Rewrite in question form)

Didn’t the young man go out?

He returned half an hour later. (Rewrite using modal auxiliary of compulsion)

He must return half an hour later.

Now tear up this sheet of paper into as many small bits as you can. (Rewrite beginning with ‘Let’)

Let this sheet of paper be torn into as many small bits as you can.

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate phrases / idioms given below. Change the form where necessary to fill in the blanks. (far and wide, to make amends, taken aback, bring comfort)

His reassuring words ………….. to my troubled mind.
People come to see flamingos from …………… .
Mishti ……………. by his brother’s arrogance.
She ………….. for her rudeness by apologizing.

Answer:

brought comfort
far and wide
was taken aback
made amends.

Underline the adverbial in the following sentence.

The birds flew over the trees.
She speaks in a self tone.
The workers left without permission
The king promised to give then food to eat.
Seema walked behind them briskly.
The young man did as he was told.

Answer:

over the trees
food to eat
without permission
behind them briskly
behind them briskly
as he was told.

Think Before You Speak Summary in English

The great British statesment Benjamin Disraeli argued, that as man is endowed with two ears and one mouth it indicates that we should listen more and talk less. We are masters of unspoken words and slaves of the spoken ones.The lesson narrates a story of a young man who had hurt his friend with his harsh words. Worried that he might lose his friend, he goes to a wise man who teaches him a lesson that words spoken are like scattered bits of paper thrown out in the wind. Easy to blow but difficult to collect. The advice of Socrates in the end nails the message quite forcefully. Socrates once told his disciples that when you wish to speak, ask three questions. If the answer to all of them is ‘Yes’, then go ahead and speak. The questions are – ‘Is it true?’, ‘Is it pleasant?’ and ‘Is it useful?’.The lesson is a practical tip on how one can earn respect, happy relationships and peace of mind by speaking less and only when needed.

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