Maharashtra state board 7th std English Balbharati solutions Unit 1

 Maharashtra state board 7th std English Balbharati solutions

Unit 1

MAHARASHTRA BOARD 7TH STD ENGLISH BAL BHARATI SOLUTIONS Unit 1

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 1.1 Past, Present, Future 

Textbook Questions and Answers

Read the poem aloud using proper rhythm and intonation.

Find the meaning of the following words.

> thee, mournfully, spray, mighty

> thee – you (archaic/old usage)

> mournfully – sadly

> spray – a flowering branch

> might – physical strength

 Write the adjectives that are used to describe the following.

 evening, spray, sea

evening – soft, mild

spray – green, flowery

sea – mighty, glorious, dazzling

 Write one line about each of the following with the help of the poem.

> Wind in the autumn evening

It sighs expressing sadness.

> Young bird on the spray.

Sits on the flowery branch gathering all its physical and mental strength to explore the blue sky.

> The Sea.

Vast is the sea beneath the cloudless sun and as it stretches endlessly, it displays might, glorious and dazzling beauty.

A simile Is an imaginative comparison of two different things which have something in common. A simile always includes the words ‘as’ or ‘like’. For example: as tall as a tree, as lovely as a flower A metaphor is an imaginative expression that refers to someone/something as another person/thing. It shows thai the person or thing has some quality of that other person or thing. The words ‘as’ or ‘like’ are not used in a metaphor. For example : He is a gem of a person. Time is money. Books are our friends. The clouds are white sheep.

There are three metaphors in the poem. Can you find them?

 The three metaphors are:

‘What is the past like to thee?

 An autumn evening soft and mild’

 > Here the past is compared to an autumn evening.

’Tell me, what is the present hour?

A green and flowery spray.’

>Here the present is compared to a green and flowery spray.

’And what is the future, happy one?

A sea beneath a cloudless sun.’

> Here the present is compared to a sea beneath a cloudless sun.

Answer the following question.

What is the central idea of the poem?

The central idea of the poem is the child’s definition of different periods of time which is presented in the form of a dialogue between the poetess and the child.

What does the past stand for according to the child?

According to the child, the past was a pleasant time but they are moments which cannot be revisited as they would never return back.

How does the child define the present time?

For the child, the present is a time where he/she prepares for the future which is unknown, but also exciting so it is the time to gather strength.

How is the present moment viewed with optimism by the child?

The child compares the present time to a green and flowery branch on which a bird is all set to take off and explore the unlimited possibilities which awaits it.

This tells us that the present is something which is viewed with optimism by the child as he believes that once we gather strength, nothing is impossible.

How do you define time?

According to me, time is the most precious gift we possess. It is up to us to make utmost use of it. We should plan and prioritise to make use of most of the time in hand.

How true is the Estonian proverb!

“Wasting time is robbing oneself”

Choose the correct alternative and complete the sentence:

For the child in the poem the past was

i. a pleasant time.

ii. an unpleasant experience.

Answer:

For the child in the poem the past was a pleasant time.

What is the theme of the poem?

The theme of the poem is about time and the child’s definition about the different periods of time.

How is this poem presented?

This poem is presented as a dialogue between the poetess and a happy child.

What is the one characteristic of the past? Which is emphasised in the poem?

One characteristic of the past which is emphasised in the poem is that we can never go back to it.

How should we make use of the present time?

We should make use of the present time by using it to gather strength and courage to face the future.

Rewrite the metaphors as Simile

> The past is an autumn evening soft and mild.

The past is like an autumn evening soft and mild.

> The present is a green and flowery spray.

The present is like a green and flowery spray.

>The future is a sea beneath a cloudless sun.

The future is like a sea beneath a cloudless sun.

Give the rhyme scheme of the first stanza.

The rhyme scheme of the first stanza is (a b a c).

Name and explain the figures of speech.

With a wind that sighs mournfully

Personification – Wind is given human qualities,

What the past is like to thee?

‘An Autumn evening soft and mild.

Simile – Direct comparison of past with an autumn evening.

Complete the following stanza to compose a poem on the topic:

The time gone by…….

Past, Present, Future Summary in English

Past Present, Future written by Emily Bronte is a dialogue between the poetess and a happy child. They discuss what each period of time means to the child, a child with the ability to see beauty and optimism around it.

The poetess Emily Bronte begins the poem by asking a happy child what the past is like to him/ her. In response the child compares the past as an autumn evening which is soft and mild with a sad wind sighing in the background.In response to the query about the present hour the child compares it to the pleasant green and flowery branch wherein a young bird gathers courage and power to mount and fly above the blue sky. In other words the child finds the present filled with hope, courage and aspiration to scale great heights; the time to gather strength.On being asked about the future the child compares it with a sea under a cloudless sun, a sea which is mighty, glorious, dazzling and never ending. Through these words the child implies about the thrilling and never ending possibilities which awaits for him/her.

 1.2 Odd One In 

Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Read aloud the conversations in the story turn by turn.

2. Imagine you are Malti. Write any one event in the story from Malti’s point of view.

Yesterday, I was absent from school. I decided to ask Rima and other classmates about the lessons taught by teachers. As soon as I uttered “I wanted to aks you about English assignment”, Rima and her friends burst out laughing. At first I didn’t understand why they were laughing. Then Rima started mocking at me, repeating the word ‘aks’.Other girls giggled and looked at me with contempt. I felt very bad but I requested Rima to teach me English as she was good in English and its pronunciation. But she told me rudely that as I belong to the countryside, I am incapable of speaking proper English. There was a lump in my throat as I could not bear this humiliation. I wanted to retort but I couldn’t find the right words. I burst into tears and decided to run away from there.

4.Talk about: (a) your strengths (b) your weaknesses (c) the changes that you would like lo see in yourself (3 each).

Your strengths:

My biggest strength is my willingness to learn and improve myself. I am very polite and humble. I am also a good listener due to which I make friends very easily.

Your weaknesses:

I am lazy when it comes to doing homework.I have a phobia of speaking in front of a large group. This has developed into stage fright. I also can’t stop eating once I start. This makes me fall sick very often.

The changes that you would like to see in yourself:

I would like to get rid of my laziness. I want to start cultivating the habit of reading to improve my language. I would like to participate confidently in competitions. And lastly I want to control my diet for a healthy living.

6. Discuss: Is it necessary to develop a good accent? Why? What efforts can you take to improve your pronunciation? With your teacher’s help, find out how to use online dictionaries for the purpose.

Yes, it is extremely necessary to develop a good accent because it aids in communication. A proper accent is important to understand and be understood. I can refer a dictionary that provides pronunciation key. I can also listen to news channels such as BBC that helps us to speak English the way the natives do. Besides, no matter what the language, avoiding the influence of mother tongue can help improve pronunciation.

7. list all the adverbs that end with ‘-ly’ from the passage.

quietly

rudely

cattily

uncharitably

sadly

snidely

abundantly

readily

cheerfully

mercilessly

particularly

roundly

badly

stubbornly

8. Language Study:

Types of nouns: You know that a noun is a word used as the name of a person, place or thing. The names given to particular persons, places, animals etc. are proper nouns and the rest are common nouns. For example, ‘Ria’ is a proper noun, because it is the name of a particular person. But, ‘girl’ Is a common noun, as It is not the name of a particular person. ‘Ahmednagar’ Is a proper noun, because it is the name of a particular place. ‘Town’ Is a common noun, because it is not the name of a particular place.

Write at least 5 common nouns and 5 proper nouns each. Proper nouns are always written with a capital letter at the beginning. Can you think of proper nouns that include two or more words? How are they written? Find at least ten such nouns.

Examples: Seva Hospital, The Times of India.

How did Rima and her friends try to offend Malti?

Rima and her friends tried to. offend Malti by asking her about the oil on her hair and her long skirt.

Guess what Malti was about to say when the teacher entered?

When the teacher entered, Malti was about to probably justify why she wore long skirt or oiled her hair.

What did Rima and her gang decide to do during the Inter-house singing competition? Did they succeed? Why?

Rima and her gang decided to jeer when Malti sang but they did not succeed as there was such absolute silence that they did’not dare to do so. They were sure to get caught if they did

Why did Rima feel no joy even though she came first in her category?

(Rima had thought that Malti must be a miserable singer and would lose in the singing competition but Malti won the first prize. Rima felt no joy even though she came first in her category as she was proved wrong and may be she even felt jealous of Malti.

Why did Rima walk off in a huff?

Rima’s friends told her that she was rude to Malti. This shocked Rima as her own friends had turned against her. So, she walked off in a huff.

What would you have done if you would have been in Malti’s place?

If I would have been in Malti’s place, I would have done exactly what Malti did. I would have let my work and performance speak for myself. I would have also tried to befriend Rima by helping her or praising her for her strengths.

Write a character sketch of Rima.

Rima was a school-going girl who had her own clique of stylish girls. She was quick to judge people by their outward appearance. She was a bit of a snob who didn’t hesitate to comment on Malti’s oily hair. She had an envious nature as she wasn’t happy about Malti winning the first prize although she herself had also won the first prize in her own category. She thought herself to be far more superior as she was city-bred and could speak good English. She was too proud to accept her mistake when her friends pointed it out to her.

Discuss the meaning in the context of the story

  • befriended (v) – became friends
  • snob (n) – criticizing people coming from lower social class or are less education
  • forte (n) – something one is good at
  • belied (v) – failed to give a true impression or to tell lie
  • smart (adj) – intelligent, clever
  • confident (adj) – feeling or showing confidence in oneself or one’s abilities or qualities or being sure about ones abilities.
  • insufferable (adj) – intolerable

Fill in the blanks:

i. “Any new girls in your class?” enquired her father …………. .

ii. “She can’t speak …………. English.

Answer:

i. Mr. Sen

ii. much

Say whether true or false and correct in case the statement is false.

Rima can’t speak much English.

Answer:

False. Malti can’t speak much English

How did Rima describe Malti to her father?

Rima described to her father that Malti was a funny girl from a state at the other end of the country who could not speak much English. She also added that Malti came with oily hair and a bindi and spoke with a strange accent.

Do Rima and her parents share the same attitude?

No, Rima and her parents do not share the same’attitude. The parents confront Rima with reality. We know that because Rima’s parents defend and praise Malti when Rima criticizes her.

Guess the meanings of the following words in the context of the story

  • settling in (v) – to arrange oneself comfortably in
  • sniffed (v) – drew in air audibly to show dislike
  • mimicked (v) – imitated the voice and behaviour
  • grimaced (v) – made a twisted expression on face to express disgust.

Write at least 4 Proper nouns from the above passage.

  1. Rima
  2. Mr. Sen
  3. Malti
  4. English

Write at least 4 Common nouns from the above passage.

  1. mother
  2. day
  3. girls
  4. school

Have you ever been a victim of bullying in your class? How did you tackle it?

Yes, I have been a victim of bullying in my class due by a handful of bullies in the class. They used to call me ‘teacher’s pet’ and tease me. Initially I was annoyed. But with the help of my parents and teachers I began to help one of the weaker students who used to bully me. In the first semester his grade were raised and he became fan and strong supporter. Eventually the others also realized their mistakes and accepted me as a friend and took my help to improve.

How did Rima decide whether or not Malti was smart? What is your opinion?

Rima decided Malti’s smartness by the way she dressed and spoke English. I do not think that we should judge someone’s smartness by their outward appearance. Besides, even if someone does not speak good English, it cap always be learnt and improved upon, and the person may be very good at some other language.

Do Rima and her parents share the same attitude? How do we know that?

No, Rima and her parents do not share the same opinion. We know this from the conversation between Rima and her parents. The mother feels that Malti is a clever girl for she raised her hand to answer all questions in the class. When Rima said that Malti’s English is bad and she isn’t clever, her father pointed out to Rima that the same goes with her Hindi.

Why was Rima sad and depressed at lunch time?

Rima was sad and depressed at lunch time because she knew she had behaved badly with Malti but didn’t want to accept it.Besides her own friends had gone against her.

Which lines from the passage tell us that Malti was a very humble person?

“I know my English is weak. Yours is good. Please, will you help me to improve it?” These lines tell us that Malti was very humble.

Give the antonyms of:

1. proud × humble

2. mercilessly × merciful

Her own friends had turned against her.

(Separate the subject and predicate)

Her own friends – subject

had turned against her – predicate.

Rima was shocked. (Transform into a question)

Wasn’t Rima shocked?

Is it necessary to accept one’s mistake? Why?

Yes, it is very necessary for one to accept his mistake, because only when we accept our mistake will we make an attempt to improve ourselves. Besides, one must understand that we are all humans and are bound to make mistakes. What is important is to learn from the mistakes and not repeat them.

Write at least 5 common nouns and 5 proper nouns each.

Common nouns: parents, friends, table, participants, child, etc.

Proper nouns: Rima, Malti, Saturday, English; Clare, etc.

Can you think of proper nouns that include two or more words? How are they written? Find at least ten such nouns.

Proper nouns with two or more words have each word beginning with a capital letter except prepositions and articles.

(a) St. Peter’s Church (b) Marks & Spencer (c) The Retreat Resort (d) United Kingdom (e) Bank of Baroda (f) Big Bazaar (g) The United States of America (h) United Colours of Benetton (i) The Great Escape Water Park (j) Phoenix Market City Mall.

Add a suffix to any 4 words from the lesson to make their noun forms.

  • improve – improvement
  • quiet – quietness
  • clear – clearance
  • bright – brightness

Make sentences using phrases/idioms

To help oneself

She placed the bowl of dessert on the table and askeci the guests to help themselves.

To dote on someone

My best friend’s mother dotes on her and buys her expensive clothes.

To be on the verge of something

The differences between the two countries increased so much that they were on the verge of having a war.

To burst into tears

When she saw her lost child after seven days, she burst into tears.

To walk away in a huff

When Hera’s friends started teasing her for her new hairstyle, she walked away in a huff.

Discuss the difference in the meaning of the following words:

Smart – a clean, tidy, well-dressed person having quick-witted intelligence.

confident – a person who believes in oneself or one abilities and qualities.

snob – person who believes that his/her taste in a particular area is superior to those of other people.

The teachers had liked the respectful, intelligent girl from the beginning.

(Pick out the adjectives and state their kind)

respectful, intelligent – Adjectives of quality.

Malti sang beautifully.

(Pick out the verb and state whether it is transitive or intransitive)

sang – Intransitive.

No one was surprised when Malti won the first prize.

(Pick out the conjunction)

when – conjunction.

We put Rima into a good school to make her smart and confident.

(Pick out the preposition)

into, to – preposition.

Malti answered ………………. .

(Fill in adverb of your choice to complete the sentence)

softly, politely

She can’t speak much English.

(Add a question tag)

She can’t speak much English, can she?

Malti looked offended but did not reply. (Replace the underlined conjunction with another conjunction without changing the meaning)

Malti looked offended still yet did not reply.

Malti felt bad about their ………………….. .

(Fill in the blank with an abstract noun of your choice)

Malti felt bad about their poverty.

This one does not seem smart at all.

(Change the number)

These ones do not seem smart at all.

Rima did come first in her category.

(Pick out the adjective)

first – adjective

Can you imagine what happened next in this story of Rima and Malti? Complete the story on your own.

The time gone by …………….

Rima knew that she had behaved very badly. She was too proud to admit it – even to herself. Next day, after a sleepless night, Rima dragged herself to school. When she reached, her friends were already chatting with Malti. This upset her even more. Within a week or so, all her friends had befriended Malti and were all praises about her. But Rima thought otherwise.

She took it to be a wicked plan of Malti to isolate her from her friends. Rima who had always been a topper started losing confidence. This affected her performance in exams. She soon lost the affection of her teachers who thought she needed to change her rude behaviour. Rima’s health suffered andShe took it to be a wicked plan of Malti to isolate her from her friends. Rima who had always been a topper started losing confidence. This affected her performance in exams. She soon lost the affection of her teachers who thought she needed to change her rude behaviour. Rima’s health suffered and she fell sick very often. After a week’s absence from school, when she resumed, none of her friends asked her about her health.

When she asked for notes that she had missed, no one lent her the books. Rima approached the teacher and requested her to give her a week’s time to complete all the books. She also asked if she could get someone’s book to complete her note

The teacher send that Malti had already made notes for Rima with her permission. Rima completed all her books with Malti’s help. She was touched by this kind of gesture. She realised her mistake and apologized to Malti who embraced her. Both Rima and Malti became best of friends. Rima had learnt that beauty is skin dee

Odd One In Summary in English

The lesson ‘Odd One In’ is an excerpt from the book of the same name by Tithi Tavora. Set against the backdrop of challenges encountered by a newcomer in school. The story highlights the importance of inner beauty as compared to outward appearance.The story revolves around Rima, a city bred brat, who is quick to judge the newcomer, Malti, a countryside girl. Rima and her friends look down upon Malti for her simple looks and dressing sense. However, Malti proves her mettle to them over a period of time. Rima learns a lesson not to judge anyone by their outward appearance and be respectful to one and all. But does she really learn the lesson? Well, read the story to find more...

 1.3 In Time of Silver Rain 

 Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Find the pairs of rhyming words used at the end of the lines in the poem.

  • Rain -  plain - again
  • wings - sing - spring
  • cry - sky
  • Head - spreads

2. Read the poem aloud using proper intonation.

3. If you were to draw a landscape on the basis of this poem, what elements will you show in It? What colours will you use?

If I were to draw a landscape on the basis of this poem, I would show elements like a patch of lush green grass stretching far and wide, small flowers growing all over the plain tossing their heads, brightly coloured butterflies happily fluttering, a rainbow stretching across the sky.

I would also show a tree-lined road, and under the blue sky I would show boys and girls walking down the road enjoying themselves in the rain. I would use all sorts of colours. Green being promment, I would also use shades of bright colours to depict life, liveliness and joy in nature during spring

4. The special arrangement of short lines makes you think about every detail. If you write the sentences In the usual manner, It does not have the same effect. For example, the first stanza would be something like ‘The earth puis forth new life again: green grasses grow and flowers lift their heads and the wonder of life spreads all over the plain in time of silver rain.’

 Now try the following:

Write one or two sentences about something beautiful, using your own experience or imagination. Then rearrange the words In the sentences In a poetic form. You may write about a beautiful day, a beautiful night, a stream, a crop standing in a field, a graceful bird or animal, etc.

Answer:

  1. A beautiful night
  2. The people were enjoying
  3. When the clouds were making noise and thundering.
  4. But I was sitting along with no one aside.
  5. My feelings were at night just like a sea tide.
  6. It started raining and I cried

Fill in the following blanks with reference to the poem.

‘In time of rain when spring and life are ……….., the butterflies lift ……….. wings to catch a ……….. cry and trees put forth …….. leaves to sing in ………… beneath the sky as ……….. boys and girls too ……… singing down the roadway’.

In time of rain when rain and life are new, the butterflies lift silken wings to catch a rainbow cry and trees put forth new leaves to sing in joy beneath the sky as passing boys and girls too go singing down the roadway.

6. Think and answer :

Is the poet talking about heavy rains in the rainy season or ram that has come after a long time?

The poet is talking about rain that has come after a long time.

Are the boys and girls happy that it is raining?

Yes, the poet says that the boys and girls are singing as they pass down the roadway in the rain, so they are obviously happy that it is raining.

7. Find out the following with the help of your teacher and the internet.

Seasonal Rains (monsoon) in India and other countries.

Rain in countries like UK which experience spring-summer-autumn-winter.

We get seasonal rain monsoon the starting of June. some times it will receive very high rainfall in some coastal areas states like Kerala – Goa – Karnataka – Odisha etc. This states are receives high rain fall from starting to ending og June. some states have received monsoon in the July. And it continues with heavy rains and winds also.

In United Kingdom the month of June, July and August which is the summer season, and it is very hottest season with long sunny days. autumn can be dry but sometimes occational rains and winds also come.

Average rainfall in the months of winter December to February is 80 mm.

Average rainfall in the month of spring March to May is 55 mm.

Average rainfall in the month of Summer June to August is – 60 mm.

Average rainfall in the month of autumn September to November is 85 mm

 Talk about your favourite season. (A one-minute activity.)

My favourite season is winter as with the cold that it brings, it also brings an opportunity to sit by the fire-place and read my favourite book. The snow-clad landscapes look divine and radiate peace. What a pleasure it is to eat in this season! Keeping myself warm under the quilt and sharing roasted peanuts with my siblings is a passtime that brings immense joy.

8. Language Study: Alliteration: When the same sound occurs at the beginning of two or more words in the same line, it is called alliteration.

Example: Nayna needs new notebooks.

 Find an example of alliteration from the poem.

  Collect other examples of alliteration.

Think and answer.

Why does the poet say that life is new when it rains?

The poet says that life is new when it rains because after the hot and dry summer, the flora and fauna come back to their former, lively and wonderful forms. People feel refreshed by rain as it provides a relief. Rain restores the energy and colour of the nature that get drained out during the harsh summers.

What is the poem about?

The poem is about the changes that take place in nature at the onset of spring, especially when it rains. It also talks about the joy that spring brings along with it.

What do the boys and girls do in happiness?

The boys and girls sing in happiness as they pass down the roadway.

Give two examples of imagery used by the poet.

Butterflies lift their wings to catch a rainbow cry.

Green grasses grow and flowers lift their heads.

Which elements of nature are mentioned in the given extract?

The elements of nature that are mentioned in the given extract are grass, trees, butterflies, rainbow, sky and flowers.

Why do the butterflies lift their silver wings?

Butterflies lift their silver wings to catch a rainbow.

Which line in the poem tells us that the spring season has just begun?

The line “In time of silver rain when spring and life are new” tells us that the spring season has just begun.

Who go singing down the roadway?

The boys and girls go singing down the roadway.

Describe in your own words what happens during the time of silver rain.

During the time of silver rain, the face of the earth completely changes. The earth puts forth new life, green grasses are seen on the surface. The flowers lift their heads in happiness. The butterflies lift their silky wings and trees put forth new leaves. The boys and girls are happy and go round singing. Thus everywhere we can see new life

Pick out an example of Alliteration from the extract.

Green grasses grow.

Give rhyming words of your own.

  • life – knife
  • rain – main
  • grow – throw
  • spring – bring

Name and explain the figures of speech in the following lines.

And overall the plain The wonder spreads

Inversion: The word order has been changed. The correct order is “And the wonder spreads all over the plains”.

Of life, Of life, Of life!

Repetition: The words ‘Of life’ are repeated thrice for better poetic effect.

And flowers lift their heads.

Personification: The flowers are given the human quality of lifting their heads.

The butterflies lift silken wings To catch a rainbow cry

Personification: The butterflies are given the human quality of catching.

And trees put forth New leaves to sing In joy beneath the sky

Personification: Leaves are given the human quality of singing for a better poetic effect.

As down the roadway Passing boys and girls Go singing, too

Inversion: The word order has been changed. The correct word order is ‘As passing boys and girls, too, go singing down the roadway’.

Give the adjective used to describe ’rain’.

’Silver’ is the adjective used to describe ’rain’.

Give the rhyme scheme of the first verse.

a b a c d a d

In Time of Silver Rain Summary in English

The poem is an expression of joy and beauty of nature that spring brings, along with it filling our hearts with wonderment at the newness of lifeIn the poem “In Time of Silver Rain” the poet Langston Hughes paints a vivid imagery of rains during springtime. He elaborates in his simple yet effective style, the majestic spread of life in nature. Grass and flowers stretching across green vistas act as symbols of newness in nature. The coming of rain in springtime invites butterflies that flutter around in the hope of catching a rainbow.The trees give birth to new leaves to express their joy. The happiness in nature is so contagious that it extends to human beings as well. The boys and girls sing merrily as they walk down the road in the rains at the onset of spring season.

1.4 The King’s Choice 

Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Write a character sketch of each of the animals. Write about their actions and thoughts and the qualities that emerge through

1. Lion: Lion was big and strong and very fierce. All the other animals in the forest called him king. The king promised other animals to give them food and protection. Whenever the king roared other animals stood in awe. Whenever he took a walk, others followed him. The lion was king also very responsible. When he had his meal, he left remains for other. So they always had enough to eat.

 2. Fox: He was wise and clever creature and adviser of lion king. The fox took an oath of loyalty to the king.

3. Leopard: He was watchful and swift of foot, and a body of lion king.

4. Vulture: He was bird and can fly high in sky and a messager of lion.

2. Using your imagination, write more sentences in the same pattern:

(a) But the more the lion had, the more he wanted.

(b) Whenever he took a walk, they followed him.

 (c) To be king is good. But to be kind is better.

> The more you quieten the mind, the more restless it becomes.

> Whenever I speak, he interrupts me.

> It is nice to be important. But it is more important to be nice.

> To live well on earth is good. But to leave well is better.

3. Turn the story into a play as a group activity and present the scenes in the classroom.

(Curtain opens) The lion is seen pacing back and forth in deep thought.

Lion: Hmmm, I think it’s time I’ve courtiers for myself. (Calls his guards.) Tell the fox, the leopard and the vulture to meet me at once.

Guard: Yes, Your Majesty! (Enter of fox, leopard and the vulture)

Fox, Leopard, Vulture: Our salute to the king of kings! (all bow down)

Lion: Mr. Fox, you are known for your wisdom. You shall be my advisor from now on.

Mr. Fox: (elated) As you wish, Your Majesty!

Lion: And you…. Mr. Leopard, I am impressed by your alertness. You are swift of foot too. You shall be my bodyguard.

Mr. Leopard: (humbly) I shall be happy to serve you, Your Majesty!

Lion: (gesturing) And dear Vulture, you fly high above. I appoint you as my messenger.

Mr. Vulture: I am honoured, Your Majesty! (One day the vulture enters all excited)

Mr. Vulture: O great king! I have seen a camel in the desert not far away. I think it will be a good idea for you to taste camel meat.

Lion: (looking at his other advisers) What do you say? (Mr. Fox & Mr. Leopard not wanting to show ignorance)

Mr. Fox & Mr. Leopard: We don’t mind. But since the vulture has suggested let him lead the way. We shall humbly follow. (All set off on a journey to the forest. It’s hot and the sun is shining brightly.)

King: Oh! It’s too hot to bear. My paws are burning.

Mr. Vulture: (flying high above in cooler air) Your Majesty! The desert is close by. We shall reach in some time.

King: (not able to bear the pain) Stop! We shall return.

Mr. Vulture: (in thought) If we return, there will be nothing for us to eat as I will not be able to eat the king. I must stop him from returning. “Your Majesty! If you want we shall rest”.

Mr. Fox: O king! We are far away from the forest. Let us continue towards the desert.

King: I cannot walk anymore.

Mr. Leopard: (thinking to himself) I wish I could run away from here.

Fox: Let me ask for help, (leaps towards the desert)

(In the desert)…

4. This story takes an unexpected turn when the lion decides to spare the camel’s life. Choose any fable, story that you like and rewrite it giving it an unexpected turn.

A ‘friend’ is a position in one’s heart and not the court. A courtier works for money. There is self-interest involved whereas a friend is a far more selfless relation in which one does not expect anything in return. It is a relationship in which friendship itself is the only reward.

5. Talk about the good qualities of any one person you do not like. (You need not name the person.)

I do not like my benchmate in my class as she is very untidy and comes shabbily dressed. However, there are many good qualities in her that I admire. She is an extremely polite girl. I have seen her go out of her way to help my other classmates. Also, she is very regular in her studies besides being a voracious reader. A habit that I long to imbibe in myself.

Find five countable nouns from the passage and write their singular and plural forms

  1. life – lives
  2. friend – friends
  3. messenger – messengers
  4. gift – gifts
  5. creature – creatures

List the units that we use to measure the following: water, milk, distance, weight.

  1. water – litres
  2. milk – litres
  3. distance – centimetre, metre, kilometre
  4. weight – grams, kilograms

Answer the following questions:

What qualities are necessary in the following? Why?

1. King: A king should be just and kind. His justice will instill faith towards him in his subjects and his kindness will help him win their hearts. A king should not demand respect instead it should be earned with his qualities and virtues.

2.  Adviser: An adviser must be very wise and foresighted. He must weigh the pros and cons of a decision and only then advise the king to go ahead with it. This is also because once the decision is taken it cannot be reverted and fate of the entire kingdom largely depends on these decisions.

3. Bodyguard: A bodyguard of a king must be his shadow. Extremely vigilant and alert, the bodyguard should be able to sense trouble and mischief as the king’s life can be in danger if he lacks these qualities. He should not hesitate to risk his life to save the king if required. This also demands physical strength and spirit.

4. Messenger: A messenger should be very quick at carrying messages as sometimes the messages are so important and urgent that any loss of time may cause great harm to the kingdom. Moreover, the messenger should be very faithful and keep the messages of the king confidential. This will safeguard the kingdom from enemies. Also, the messenger should remember that he represents the king himself, hence should be very trustworthy.

Write the oath that each of the courtier must have taken.

1. Oath taken by the advisor (Fox):

2. I, Mr. Fox, do hereby solemnly swear that I will remain loyal to my king and the kingdom and to the best of my ability advise the king on matters of administration in order to preserve, protect and defend the kingdom.

2Oath taken by the messenger (Vulture):

 I, Mr. Vulture, do hereby solemnly swear that I will remain loyal to my king and this great kingdom and will to the best of my ability deliver messages as and when required. In doing so I shall not alter the messages, keeping them confidential in the best interest of my kingdom in order to preserve, protect and defend it.

3. Oath taken by the bodyguard (Leopard):

 I, Mr. Leopard, do hereby solemnly swear that I shall always be with the king like his shadow and will to the best of my ability protect, guard and defend the king and in doing so with loyalty I shall not hesitate to lay down my life in the general good of my beloved land.

Why was the vulture told to lead the way?

The vulture had suggested that the lion should eat the camel it had seen in the desert. As, neither the lion nor the fox, nor the leopard had ever seen a camel and besides, as the fox and leopard didn’t want the vulture to appear wiser than them, they asked the vulture to lead as it was his idea.

Why had the lion never seen a camel?

The lion stayed in the forest and a camel lives in a desert. So the lion had never seen a camel.

What advice did the fox and the leopard give? Was it based on good and sound thinking?

The fox and the leopard advised the king to set off on a camel hunt. This advice was not based on good and sound thinking as they were accustomed to walking in the forest under shady trees and the desert would not provide them this comfort. They didn’t want to appear foolish and ignorant and so the advice.

Do you think the vulture was enjoying the search?

Yes, as the vulture was flying high up in the cooler air, it was enjoying the search.

Do you think the king’s decision to go back was right?

No, I don’t think the king’s decision to go back was right as he had already walked a long distance not only risking his life but that of his courtiers as well. He could have rested and then continued.

Can you guess the plan the fox had thought of?

The fox had planned to trick the camel, and use him as a means of transport to go to their forest, kill him and have a feast.

Why does the fox address the camel as friend camel?

The fox addressed the camel as ‘friend camel’ to make him believe that he is his well-wisher so that the camel does not see through his wicked intentions.

What qualities of the courtiers emerge in this part of the story when they were in the desert?

The lion king comes across as someone who had leapt before looking what he was landing into. He himself didn’t know how he would return to the forest but commanded that they should stop right there. Not a very thoughtful and far sighted king. The vulture appears to be self-centred and greedy. He was only interested in eating the camel. The leopard, though a bodyguard, was a coward who wanted to run away. However, the fox comes across as a problem-solver who rescues everyone from the situation with his wit.

The fox, the leopard and the vulture have the same thought about the camel. Why is it so?

By sparing the camel and not eating it, the king had spoilt the plan of the fox, vulture and the leopard. As they had similar interests, they had the same thought about the camel. The animals were all tired and hungry and realised that the camel would make a large meal. The camel being simple minded would not suspect this play and they could easily have a feast and satiate their hunger by fooling him. They were now irritated with their plans having been failed.

Did you expect the lion to be kind to the camel? Do you think his decision was right?

No, I didn’t expect the lion to be kind to the camel who was his prey. Yes, I think the lion’s decision was right as he was thankful to the camel for saving their lives by carrying them back to the forest. His decision was a mark of gratitude towards the camel.

Why did the king appoint the leopard as his bodyguard?

The king appointed the leopard as his bodyguard as he was watchful and swift on his feet.

What did the lion’s courtiers do when he went hunting?

When the lion king went hunting, the courtiers found animals for him to kill.

How does the vulture describe the camel to the lion king?

The vulture describes the camel as a lone animal in the desert who was big and fat.

Why couldn’t the lion walk any further?

The lion could not walk any further as the hot sand had burned his paws.

What does the fox tell the camel?

The fox tells that the camel that the lion king had killed his master and it was now free. The lion king, therefore, had invited it to live at his court.

On what condition did the camel agree to serve the lion?

The camel agreed to serve the lion in return for a home at his court.

Why were the courtiers shocked to listen to the lion king’s decision?

The courtiers were shocked to listen to the lion king’s decision as they had risked their lives to eat the camel’s meat but the king had now decided to spare it.

Reading Skills, Vocabulary and Grammar

Who said to whom

> “A king must have a court”

The king thought to himself.

> “I want you to be my adviser”

The king said the above sentence to the fox.

> “I want you to be my bodyguard”

The king said the above sentence to the leopard.

> “You are to be my messenger”

The king said the above sentence to the vulture.

Why must a king have a court?

A king must have a court for the smooth functioning of his kingdom. Besides, the king cannot do everything on his own so, by delegating work to his courtiers, the king can assure that various departments in his kingdom are serving his subjects well.

How is the human administration similar to that of what we read in the passage?

Just as we have different portfolios the Lion king also gave responsibilities to his courtiers. For example the fox who is very wise and clever and we too have a council of ministers who advice the Prime Minister; just like the leopard who is watchful and swift, we too have the defence system in our country and like their vulture who is a messenger we too have the ministry of communication and technology.

What is the oath of loyalty?

An oath of loyalty is a pledge one takes acknowledging one’s duty and faithfulness towards one’s country or a king.

Give the meanings of the following words.

  • courtiers – people who attend the royal court
  • adviser – the one who advises
  • bodyguard – a person employed to protect somebody
  • loyal – faithful towards a person or an organisation.

Pick out the Subject and Predicate from the following sentences.

1. They brought him gifts from every corner of the forest.

2.  The lion called a leopard to his side.

3. The fox, the vulture and the leopard took an oath of loyalty to the king.

4. The three courtiers never opposed the king.

Answers: 

Subject - They

Predicate- brought him gifts from every corner of the forest

Subject- The lion

Predicate- called a leopard to his side.

Subject- The fox, the vulture and the leopard Predicate- took an oath of loyalty to the king.

Subject- The three courtiers

Predicate- never opposed the king.

Identify any 4 common nouns from the above passage.

king, forest, fox, leopard, animals

Add the question tag for the following sentences.

> He called a fox to his side.

> You are to be my messenger.

> The king promised to give them food and protection.

> He was big and strong and very fierce.

He called a fox to his side, didn’t he?

You are to be my messenger, aren’t you?

The king promised to give them food and protection, didn’t he?

He was big and strong and very fierce, wasn’t he?

Give the adjective forms for the following.

protection - protected protective

loyalty - loyal

watch - watchful

thought - thoughtful

 Write the singular or plural forms of the nouns.

Singular

1. apple - apples

2. book- books

 3. class - classes

4. photo - photos

 5. life - lives

 6. woman - women

7. mouse - mice

 8. child - children

9. deer - deer

10. country - countries

Find five countable nouns from the passage and write their singular and plural forms.

Singular

1. king - kings

2. animal - animals

3. gift - gifts

4. fox - foxes

 5. bird - birds

State whether the following statements are true or false.

1. The lion ordered his courtiers to eat the camel.

2. The vulture, fox and the leopard offer themselves to the lion king.

Answer:

1. False

 2. True

Were the courtiers being loyal to their king?

No, the courtiers were not being loyal to their king as by getting the camel killed by the lion they would force the lion king to go against his own promise of protecting the camel thereby spoiling the king’s image.

What qualities of the camel are seen in his speech?

The camel comes across as very humble and loyal character. He knows very well that he could not be of much use to the lion in the forest. Moreover, he is willing to lay down his life for the sake of his king which means that he is extremely selfless.

Why did the lion laugh to see the courtiers go?

The lion laughed to see the courtiers go because he knew they were unfaithful courtiers and were only with him to serve their own selfish motives. He had been successful in driving them away without pronouncing a cruel judgment against them.

Why did the king offer his friendship to the camel?

The king realized that his courtiers were unfaithful. In contrast, the camel was loyal and good. So, he offered friendship to the

Explain the lines “To be king is good. But to be kind is better”.

The king through the lines “To be king is good, but to be kind is better” wants to say that as a king he demanded respect but couldn’t win loyal friends or courtiers. But by being kind to the camel he not only gained respect but also won a true friend.

Give homophones for the following words.

(a) accept - except

(b) seen - scene

Away flew the vulture.

(Separate the subject and predicate.)

The vulture – subject

flew away – predicate

They were never seen in the forest again.

(Add a question tag)

They were never seen in the forest again, were they?

What qualities of the lion king impresses you the most? Why?

The lion king was very witty and wise. He had the skill of teaching his wicked and cunning courtiers a lesson without being cruel to them. He also had the quality of distinguishing between the faithful and the unfaithful. These qualities of the lion king impress me the most

The king promised to give them food and protection. (Rewrite using ‘Not only… but also’.)

The king promised to give them not only food but also protection. The king not only promised to give them food, but also protection.

Let us go back to the forest.

(State the kind of sentence.)

Imperative sentence.

They did not want the vulture to seem wiser than them. (Iden tify the degree of comparison.)

Comparative degree.

All the other animals in the forest called him king.

(Rewrite beginning with ‘He was’.)

He was called king by all the other animals in the forest.

“Our king, the lion, has killed your master” said the fox.

(Change into indirect speech.)

The fox informed that their king, the lion, had killed his master.

Make sentences using phrases/idioms.

To set off – We packed our bags and set off on a nature trail.

To keep (yourself) from – My grandmother is 70 years old. But that does not keep her from enjoying treks.

Choose any fable, story that you like and rewrite it giving it an unexpected turn.

The Thirsts Crow

One hot day, a thirsty crow flew all across the plains in search of water. It had taken him more time than he thought and he felt weak. Losing all hope, he flew down to see if there was water kept outside the houses by the lonely street.

To his delight, he found a jug with water outside a small hut. But, the jug had very little water and it’s neck was too narrow for his head to be put in. He tried picking up the jug but in vain. Finally, he saw some pebbles and decided that if he dropped the pebbles, into the jug the water level would rise and he would be able to quench his thirst. But the crow had no patience to throw each pebble in one by one and wait for water level to rise slowly.

He saw a big stone lying by the side of the jug. He thought to himself, “if I put this big stone inside the jug, the level of water will rise at once”.

In his heart he felt proud about himself for this brilliant idea. So in desperation, he took the big stone and threw it in the jug. But to his disappointment, the stone hit the base of the earthen jug so hard that the jug broke into pieces. All the water from the jug spread all over the place. The crow tried to drink but before he could do so the thirsty earth had soaked in most of it.

Moral: Haste makes waste.

Explain the lines “To be king is good. But to be kind is better”.

The king through the lines “To be king is good, but to be kind is better” wants to say that as a king he demanded respect but couldn’t win loyal friends or courtiers. But by being kind to the camel he not only gained respect but also won a true friend.

The King’s Choice Summary in English

The folk tale ‘The King’s Choice’ highlights the importance of virtues such as loyalty and kindness. The lion king in the story proves that a king’s might and majesty may win him some untrue and fake followers but kindness alone can give him the gift of faithful friends. On the other hand, the faithful camel’s character underlines the age old maxim, ‘Loyalty always pays’.The story takes us to a forest where the lion king appoints the fox, the vulture and the leopard as his courtiers. However, the vulture due to his selfish and greedy motive of eating up the lion king lures him into going to the desert to eat camel meat. Other courtiers also follow.

When the king and his companions get tired of walking in the scorching sun, the fox comes to their rescue. He, through his wit and craftiness, befriends the camel and tricks him into believing that the king wanted to befriend him. The innocent camel appears before the king and carries the trio back to the forest on his back.

Filled with gratitude towards the camel on saving his life, the king decides to spare him and gives him his protection. Although the three courtiers are unhappy with the decision, they keep quiet.

However, after few days, unable to go hunting, the lion summons his courtiers and orders them to bring him food. The cunning fox once again holds a meeting and they plan to compel the king to eat the camel. But there is a twist in the story, the camel is safe once again due to its loyalty and the betrayers are compelled to flee. Thus, the king outsmarts his crafty and unfaithful courtiers and repays the camel for his loyalty with his kindness.

 1.5 Seeing Eyes Helping Hands 

Textbook Questions and Answers

1. This passage contains four different types of invitations. They are:

A: A formal invitation

C: An oral invitation

 B: A notice

 D: Another oral invitation

 Read each invitation carefully, keeping in mind the list of eight questions given below. Note the answers in your notebook. Verify that the formal invitation ‘A’ covers all the eight points?

Who is sending/giving the information?

What is the programme?

What is the name of the project?

Who will inaugurate it?

Who will preside over the function?

What time will the function start?

Where will it take place?

How many names get mentioned in the invitation?

Now see which of these eight points are covered in the other invitations ‘B’, ‘C’ and ‘D’. Put tickmarks against the points that are covered.

Prepare a formal invitation for a function you have arranged at home.

 It should clearly state the following points:

Who is inviting people to the function.

What the programme is.

The date and time.

The venue. (The place where)

A polite request to attend the function. the function will take place.

Write an imaginary telephone conversation in which you invite your friend to the above function.

Mohan: Hello! Could I speak to Shashank.

Shashank: Yes, speaking.

Mohan: Hi! I have called you up to invite you to the house-warming ceremony of our new home.

Shashank: Oh, thanks. Where have you shifted your residence?

Mohan: Very close to you. We are now at Shri Laxmi Niwas.

Shashank: Next to Blue Dales School?

Mohan: Yes, you got it right. Please do come with your parents.

Shashank: My parents are out, in Pune for about a week. When is the function?

Mohan: On the 25th of this month. It is a Sunday.

Shashank: Yes, they will be back by then. When should we come?

Mohan: The pooja will begin at 11.00 am.

Shashank: I will surely be there.

Mohan: Thanks. See you then.

Shashank: You’re welcome. See you, bye.

4. Imagine someone has invited your family to a programme and you were the only person at home when the invitation was given orally. Write a note (4-5 lines) to pass on the message to the other people in your family. Or, Write an imaginary conversation in which you pass on the message to your parents.

Dear Mom and Dad,

Sudhir uncle has invited us for a surprise birthday party given for Anita aunty, tomorrow, 8th November at Grand Central Hotel at 7.00 pm.

Mona.

Answer the following questions:

Find different ways in which you can send an invitation using the internet.

Through the internet an invitation can be sent via email, WhatsApp, Facebook, Twitter and other such social networking sites.

Many times the school authorities have to communicate with your parents. How is it done in school? How are written communications sent?

In my school, written communications are sent through notices, SMS, Telephone, invitation cards, web pages, newsletters, quarterly report card comments and via school staff such as the peon or an attendant.

When do we write formal invitations and why?

The write formal invitations for a formal event to invite the people with whom we want to celebrate and also the people we are close to. The best way to invite people to such planned events is by sending them a formal invitation. Another important reason behind writing an invitation is that it gives our invitees proper information regarding the programme, its time, date and venue.

What are some ways in which you can send invitations to your family and friends, apart from using the internet?

Some other ways in which we can send invitation to our family and friends are as follows:

By using Indian Postal Service.

Using SMS or mobile phone.

Hand delivering.

Through telephone call and

Through courier.

Who prepared the formal invitation?

The Principal prepared the formal invitation.

Where is the venue of inauguration?

The venue of the inauguration is the Assembly Hall of New Vision High School, Off Main street, Girgaon.

Who are the student secretaries?

The student secretaries are Komal Shelar and Nitin Valke.

Make verb forms.

invitation – invite

vision – envision

Give homophones of the following words from the passage.

maid – made

knew – new

The art teacher and her students made copies of it. (Add a question tag)

The art teacher and her students made copies of it, didn’t they?

We solicit your presence at the inauguration of the project. (Write in question form)

Don’t we solicit your presence at the inauguration of the project?

What according to you is a formal invitation?

A formal invitation is a letter or a card in which the important person is courteously requested to attend an important event.

State whether the statements are true or false.

1. The News Editor will not be sent an official invitation.

2. The News Editor refused to come for the function.

Answer:

 1. False 2. False

What is the purpose of the project?

The purpose of the project is to make students aware of their social responsibilities.

Why was Mr. Shashank invited?

Mr. Shashank, Newspaper Editor, was invited to cover the function prominently.

Make a sentence using the phrase/idiom ‘to set a trend’.

Their school is setting new trends in Activity based learning.

Pick out words that mean.

1. Notice or attention given to someone or something by the media.

2. To a large extent.

Answers-

1. publicity

 2. prominently

I have made a note of it. (Change the voice)

A note of it has been made by me.

The project is an important one. (Make exclamatory)

What an important one the project is!

Do you think it is a good idea to invite a Newspaper Editor to such programmes? Why?

Yes, it is a good idea to cover such programmes done for a noble cause in the newspaper, as it sets a trend for other schools to follow and children also become aware of their social responsibilities.

“Mummy, you and Daddy are invited to our school on Sunday, the ninth” said Sameer.

(Write in indirect speech)

Sameer informed his mother and father that both she and daddy were invited to his school on Sunday, the ninth.

We are all going to visit places. (Rewrite in past perfect tense

We had all gone to visit places.

I see. (Add a question tag)

I see, don’t I?

Daddy and I can’t both go. (Remove negative)

Either Daddy or I can go.

Teachers made phone calls to some special invitees. (Frame a wh- question to get the underlined part as an answer)

Who made phone calls to some special invitees?

Write the noun forms of.

inaugurate - inauguration

converse - conversation

participate - participation

Write noun for the following ending in ’-er’ or ’-or’ to show the work or function or description of the person:

help - helper

edit - editor

visit - visitor

speak -speaker

teach - teacher

preach - preacher

With your teacher’s help, get two or three specimens of the notices/announcements put up on the school notice board.

Announcement:

This is to inform the students of Std. VIII that the Nature Club has organized a one day nature trail to CEC at BNHS, Goregaon on 26th July, 2017. The timing for the same is 7.00 am to 5.00 pm. Students interested in going for the trail should register their names with the Nature Club advisor, Mrs. Ketki Dhuri by paying Rs. 500/-(Inclusive of transport and entry fees).

– By Order

Seeing Eyes Helping Hands Summary in English

The lesson discusses various means of sending an invitation for an inaugural function in New Vision High School. Formal invitation, oral invitation and notice being some of them. With the help of a sample invitation the lesson conveys that one can choose among various means of communication, the one that best suits one’s needCommunication is a vital tool. In today’s times, with the rise in technological media, communication has undergone a drastic change. From letters to emails; invitations and messages can be sent in a short time.

 1.6 A Collage 

Textbook Questions and Answers

Answer the following questions.

What did Swami Vivekanand make the world aware of?

Swami Vivekanand made the world aware of the greatness of Indian Philosophy.

Why did Swami Vivekanand receive a standing ovation at the Parliament of World’s religions?

At the Parliament of World’s religions, Swami Vivekanand began his speech with “Sisters and brothers of America!”. For these words, he received a standing ovation.

What did Swami Vivekanand emphasize upon?

Swami Vivekanand emphasized the importance of selflessness and service to mankind.

What is Swami Vivekanand regarded as?

Swami Vivekanand is regarded as a patriotic saint.

What is a collage?

A collage is a collection of various materials such as pictures, articles and quotes, put together in an artistic and creative manner.

What does the collage given in the textbook talk about?

The collage talks about Swami Vivekananda and displays a few famous quotes by him.

What can you include in a collage?

Photographs, pictures, famous quotes/lines and information about a particular person can be included in a collage.

A mosaic is similar to a collage. Can you say how?

A mosaic is a design that is formed by putting pieces of colourful glass, stones or tiles together in a creative manner/pattern, which sounds similar to a collage i.e. a collection of various pictures and quotes, put together in an artistic way.

Where can you see the collage pattern being used?

The collage pattern can be seen in paintings, architectural work and photography.

Explain the quotes.

Arise! Awake! And stop not until the goal is reached.

The given quote says that one should rise up to achieve one’s goal and until it is achieved, one should not stop to rest. Achieving one’s goal should be a relentless affair.

Talk to yourself atleast once in a day… otherwise you may miss a meeting with an excellent person in the world.

The given quote says that each one of us is unique and excellent in our own way. We spend most of our lives talking to others but forget to have a conversation with ourselves and hence do not realize our own qualities.

Fill the brain with high thoughts, highest ideals. Place them day and night before you and out of that will come great work.

High thoughts and high ideals act as an inspiration to achieve higher goals. Reading the life and work of great men motivates us to believe in ourselves. The outcome of which is great work.

Take up one idea. Make that one idea your life – think of it, live on that idea. Let the brain, muscles, nerves every part of your body, be full of that idea, and just leave every other idea alone. This is way of success.

Swami Vivekanand through these lines tells us to eat, sleep and breathe our dreams. We must focus on that one dream so much that it becomes our very life. Only when we completely focus our energy on that one dream and give our heart and soul to it, can we be successful.

Whatever you think, that you will be. If you think yourself weak, weak you will be. If you think yourself strong, strong you will be.

The given lines emphasize the importance of thoughts. The quality of our thoughts determine the quality of our lives because we are what our thoughts are. So by carefully choosing empowering thoughts, we can become what we wish to become.

A Collage Summary in English.

The lesson, presented in the form of a collage, talks about Swami Vivekanand, his beliefs, his work and his contribution. The lesson also has some of his famous quotes, each of which has a deep meaning to it.A collage is a piece of art made by sticking various different materials such as photographs and pieces of paper or fabric on to a background.




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