Maharashtra board class 9th English Kumar Bharti solutions Unit 4

 Maharashtra board class 9th English Kumar Bharti solutions

Unit 4

Maharashtra board class 9th English Kumar Bharti solutions Unit 4


 4.1 Please Listen! 

Textbook Questions and Answers
Warming Up:

1. Form groups of 6-8. One person (leader) chooses one item – a picture, a paragraph or a lesson from any one of the 9th standard textbooks and writes the reference on a piece of paper and folds it. Others ask him/her questions and try to guess what it is, from his/her answers. Example: (The leader thinks and writes something on a piece of paper. He folds it and keeps it on the table. Others ask questions.)

Is it something from social studies?

No.

From Science or Maths?

No.

Languages?

Yes.

From the English Kumarbharati?

Yes.

A prose lesson?

No.

A nature poem?

No.

Is it in the first unit?

No.

Second unit?

Yes.

Inspirational poem?

Yes.

Invictus!!
Leader shows the folded paper; answer is Invictus!

Agreements and Disagreements.

2. Form pairs. List the things on which you ! have the same opinion and also the ones on which you have different opinions. Prepare a list of ten things in all and see how far you agree or disagree with your friend. Some useful phrases are given alongside.

Clothes, latest fashion.
Performance of sportsmen and women.
Trafficll’ransport in your area.
Cleanliness and hygiene in your area.
Future occupations/Careers.
Latest news items.
TV programmes
Mobile Apps
Any subject of your choice.

1. The poet uses a free, conversational style in his poem. It is also called Colloquial style. Pick out and write down such lines or expressions that support the above statement.

(a) You have not done what I asked.
(b) You are trampling on my feelings.
(c) All that I ask is that you listen.
(d) When you do something for me that I can and need to do for myself, you contribute to my fear and inadequacy.
(e) But when you accept as a simple fact that I feel what I feel.
(f) then I can stop trying to convince you have not done what I asked.

2. Put the following expressions in a table of Dos and Don’ts as expressed by the poet.

(a) Please listen.
(b) give me advice.
(c) tell me why.
(d) solve my problem
(e) just hear me.
(f) accept as a simple fact
(g) contribute to my fear
(h) wait a minute

Dos

Don'ts                

1. please listen 
1. give me advice

2. just hear me 
2. tell me why

3. accept my feelings as a simple fact 
3. solve my problem

4. wait a minute
4. contribute to my fear

Write in your own words.

What does the listener do when the poet asks him to just listen? Give 3 points.

When the poet asks the listener to just listen, the listener either:

1. gives advice
2. tells him why he shouldn’t feel that way, or
3. tries to solve the; poet’s problem.

Why does the poet remark that advice is cheap?

The poet remarks that advice is cheap because everyone is willing to give advice. You only had to write to the agony column of any newspaper with your problems and you could get advice from the columnists. You had to spend just 20 cents to buy the paper.

Which two facts show that the poet is confident of overcoming his irrational feelings?

The two facts that show that the poet ; is confident of overcoming his irrational feelings 5 are : first, he says he will understand what is behind these feelings. Second, he says that when the answers become obvious, he will not need any advice.

4. According to the poet, how does God help people when they pray to Him for help?

According to the poet, God doesn’t try to give advice or fix things. He is silent and let’s one work things out by oneself. That is how God helps people when they pray to Him for help.

5. Why should one learn to tackle one’s problems by one’s own self?

When one tackles one’s problems by oneself, one overcomes feelings of fear and inadequacy. Hence one should learn to tackle one’s problems by one’s own self.

6. Why should seniors not over-protect or over-pamper juniors?

If seniors over-protect or over-pamper juniors, the juniors will be unable to stand on their own feet and face the world. They will not be able to overcome their feelings of fear and inadequacy. They will not become confident. Hence, seniors should not over-protect or over-pamper juniors.

7. Find out and write down some proverbs/ axioms/quotations that convey a message similar to ‘Self-help is the best help.’


God helps those who help themselves.
Self-help is the root of all success.

8. Maintain a diary for at least a week. Write about your interactions with other people in your surroundings in 3-4 lines. Also write whether you find the interactions happy – unhappy, satisfactory – unsatisfactory, enjoyable – stressful, etc.

Jan. 1: Today is New Year’s day. Holiday for J everyone. Mummy baked a yummy cake. I helped her. Papa and I went for a long walk in the park. Have made heaps of resolutions. Intend to keep every one of them. Am full of determination. Have decided to ‘ ask Seemadidi for help. A wonderful day!

Jan. 2: Not such a good day. Broke my first resolution. Overslept and had to rush to school with my shoes in my hand! Luckily my homework was all done. Kept my resolution of doing my studies before going out to play football. Had an argument with Sahil on the ground. But it ended well.

9. Write an informal letter from a teenager to his/her parent expressing a few thoughts from the poem.

Room No. 3
Ladies’ Hostel
Aundh Road
Pune – 411 007.
14th October, 2020

Dearest Mom,

Hi! Sorry, sorry, dear Mom. Are you surprised to see this letter? I wanted to talk to you about this, but then I thought I will be able to express myself better in a letter.

Mom, when I told you about the problems I was having 1 with my roommate here at the hostel, I only wanted you to listen. I knew I was being irrational at times, and I was trying to understand this feeling. It would have taken me some time, but I would have finally got things sorted out on my own. I’m sorry, but I did not need advice, or any solutions. Now I’ve solved my problem and I am at peace.

I’m sorry, Mom, if I’ve hurt you by snapping at your good intentions. But I’m learning. I still need your support, but I have to make my own way in this world, and this is the first step. Please try to understand this.

Love you always.
Your loving daughter,
Ananya

10. Read aloud a couple of stanzas of the poem j ‘Invictus’ and ‘Please Listen’. In what ways do j they differ? Think and fill up the table with a ‘Yes’ or ‘No’.

‘Invictus’ is an example of Traditional Poetry. ‘Please Listen’ is an example of Free Verse.

Invictus    Please Listen
1. Rhyming lines
Yes        No
2. Steady rhythm
Yes         No
3. Uniformity in length of lines
Yes          No
4. Uniformity in number of lines in each stanza
Yes         No
5. Figurative language
Yes          No
6. Example of Traditional poetry Free verse

Say whether the following statements are True or False:

The poet wants advice from the listener – False
The poet wants sympathy from the listener – False
The poet wants solutions from the listener – False
The poet wants the listener to listen to him silently – True

How old is the speaker in the poem?

The speaker must be a teenager or a young person who is impatient and does not want advice or solutions.

Who is he/she talking to?

He /She is talking to someone older a parent or a friend.

Pick out the two verbs that are repeated ; throughout the extract.

The verbs ‘ask’ and ‘listen’ are repeated throughout the extract.

What style is the poem written in?

The poem is written in the conversational or colloquial style.

Fill in the blanks with the correct words:

1. The poet says that he may be discouraged and faltering, but he is not helpless.
2. The poet accepts that he has irrational feelings.

Is the speaker aware of his shortcomings?

Yes, the speaker is aware of his/her shortcomings.

What must have happened before the speaker says all this?

The speaker must have had some emotional stress and problems, some feelings that he/she could not find reasonable explanations for.

Is there any figurative language in the poem?

No, there is not much figurative language in the poem.

Does he/she want to improve?

Yes, he/she wants to improve.

Is he/she confident that he/she can improve?

Yes, he/she is confident that he/she can improve.

How does he/she want to work it out?

He/She wants to work it out on his/her own.

Is the poet willing to listen to others?

Yes, the poet is willing to listen to others.

Answer the following questions:

Discuss how you can be a good listener.

To be a good listener, we must pay attention to what a person is saying without interruption. We must only listen and not try to form replies and counter-arguments in our own mind. We must also nod and show correct expressions to encourage the speaker.

The poet uses a free, conversational style in his poem. It is also called Colloquial style. Pick out and write down such lines or expressions that support the above statement.

1. So please listen, and just hear me
2. And if you want to talk, wait a minute for your turn – and I will listen to you.

Comment upon the length of lines and the number of lines in each stanza.

There is no uniformity in the length of lines or the number of lines in each stanza. It appears as if the poem has first been written in prose and then broken up into separate lines.

Write the appreciation of the poem in paragraph format/ point format

Point Format (for understanding).


Title: Please Listen!
Poet: Unknown (anonymous)
Rhyme Scheme: The poem is in free verse. Hence there is no rhyme scheme.
Figure of Speech: Repetition. ‘When I ask you to listen to me’. This line has been repeated in the poem for emphasis.
Theme/Central idea: The poet tells us how he just wishes that people would listen to a person’s problems silentiy, instead of giving advice.
The poet is confident that he will find out the reasons behind his irrational feelings and then he will be able to solve his problems by himself. He feels that prayers probably work because God just listens to us silently when we pray and then lets us work things out ourselves. Through the poem, the poet implies that we too should work things out ourselves when we are faced with difficulties or have some irrational feelings.

Paragraph Format.

The poem ‘Please Listen!’ is written by an unknown poet (anonymous).

The poem is in free verse. Hence there is no rhyme scheme. There are not many figures of speech. The important Figure of Speech is Repetition: ‘When I ask you to listen to me’. This line has been repeated in the poem for emphasis.

The poet tells us how he just wishes that people would listen to a person’s problems silently, instead of giving advice. The poet is confident that he will find out the reasons behind his irrational feelings and then he will be able to solve his problems by himself. He feels that prayers probably work because God just listens to us silently when we pray and then lets us work things out ourselves. Through the poem, the poet implies that we too should work things out ourselves when we are faced with difficulties or have some irrational feelings.

What is the difference between ‘hear’ and ‘listen’?

‘To hear’ means to receive with the ear the sound made by someone or something; to be aware of some sound.
‘To listen’ means to consciously give one’s attention to a sound and try to understand it.

 4.2 The Storyteller

 Textbook Questions and Answers

Warming Up:

Short stories are of many types. Match the type of story in Column A with its description in Column B:

Story type (A) Description (B)
1. Anecdote (a) serious and ends in tragedy
2. Fable (b) untrue but realistic
3. Parable (c) short amusing account of an incident
4. Myth (d) where vices and folly are ridiculed
5. Legend (e) moral bearing story with animal characters
6. Fairy Tale (f) having historical base/characters but may not be true
7. Tragic Tale (g) having religious base and a message or moral
8. Fiction (h) exaggerated comedy
9. Farce (i) having supernatural characters/ a moral for children
10. Satire (j) originated in ancient time, authorship unknown

Answers-

Anecdote – (c) short amusing account of an incident
Fable -(e) moral bearing story with animal characters
Parable – (g) having religious base and a message or moral
Myth-(j) originated in ancient time, authorship unknown
Legend – (f) having historical base/characters but may not be true
Fairy Tale – (i) having supernatural characters/a moral for children
Tragic Tale – (a) serious and ends in tragedy
Fiction – (b) untrue but realistic
Farce -(h) exaggerated comedy
Satire -(d) where vices and folly are ridiculed

2. Complete the following story using the verbs in the brackets in their proper form:

Footprint

One night a man ………………………….. (have) a dream. He …………………………….. (dream) that he was …………………. (walk) along the beach with god. Across the sky flashed scenes from his life. For each scene, he noticed two sets of foot prints in the sand; one …………………….. (belong) to him and the other, to God.

After the last scene ………………………….. (flash), he looked back at the footprints in the sand. He ………………………….. (observe) that many times along the path of his life there ………………………….. (be) only one set of footprints and that it ………………………….. (happen) at the saddest, most ………………………….. (trouble) times of his life.

He ………………………….. (question) God about it. “God, you ………………………….. (say) that once I ………………………….. (decide) to follow you, you ………………………….. (will) walk with me all the way. So I don’t understand, why you ………………………….. (leave) me alone, when I ………………….. (need) you most.”

God replied, “During your times of trials and sufferings, where you ………………………….. (see) only one set of footprints, they ………………………….. (be) mine for it was then that I ………………………….. (carry) you in my arms.”

Answer:

Footprint

One night a man had a dream. He dreamt that he was walking along the beach with God. Across the sky flashed scenes from his life. For each scene, he noticed two sets of footprints in the sand; one belonging to him and the other, to God.

After the last scene had flashed, he looked back at the footprints in the sand. He observed that many times along the path of his life there were only one set of footprints and that it had happened at the saddest, most troubled times of his life.

He questioned God about it. “God, you said that once I decided to follow you, you would walk with me all the way. So I don’t understand why you left me alone when I needed you the most.”

God replied, “During your times of trials and sufferings, where you saw only one set of footprints, they were mine, for it was then that I carried you in my arms"

1. From the story (Part I and Part II), find 4 words that begin with the prefIx ‘un-‘ and write their opposites.

unsympathetic × sympathetic
unable × able
unenterprising × enterprising
uninteresting × interesting
unexpected × expected
unhappy × happy

2. Find one example/examples of the following punctuation marks from the story and copy the lines in which they are used:

(a) colon
(b) semi-colon

(a) colon – Bertha was terribly frightened and thought to herself ;
(b) semi-colon – The first thing that it saw in the park was Bertha;

3. Read the following pieces from the story and suggest a title for each as shown in the first one:

From Up to Title

1. It was a hot afternoon ………. ………….. said the aunt weakly. ‘Children pester their aunt’.

2. The smaller girl created a diversion ………….. ………….. likely to lose his bet. ‘The irritating little girl.’

3. In a low confidential voice …………… ………….. it was so stupid,” said Cyril. ‘Aunt tells a story.’

4. She (Bertha) did all that she was told ………….. ………….. must be an extra good child. ‘The horribly good Bertha.’

5. The storyteller paused to let ………….. ………….. popular tunes of the day. ‘Bertha’s outing at the park.’

6. Bertha was trembling very much ………….. ……… the three medals for goodness ………. ‘The punishment.’

4. Write your opinion, in your own words:

Why, do you think, did the children dislike their aunt’s story?

The story was uninteresting and unenterprising. The children did not like the good little girl in the story. She appeared to be too good. Besides, the aunt could not satisfy the questions that they asked. Obviously, not only was the aunt a very bad story-teller but the story too was boring. Hence the children disliked the story.

Why did they appreciate and praise the stranger’s story?

The children were probably tired of the moral education imparted by the aunt. So when they came across a girl who was ‘horribly’ good, and who met a terrible end, they were thrilled. Moreover, the stranger narrated the story well. Hence they appreciated and praised the story.

Do you think Bertha should have met such a gory end to her life? Justify your answer.

No, I don’t think that Bertha should have met such a gory end to her life. After all, she was only a small child and it was probably not her fault that she was vain about her goodness. She should have merely been frightened by the wolf, not devoured by it.

What did the aunt fail to realize in Bertha’s story?

The aunt failed to see Bertha’s pride in herself; she only saw that Bertha was good, but had j yet met a gory end. The aunt failed to realize that Bertha met a gory end as a punishment for her vanity.

What is that one vice that nullifies all virtues that a person has?

Pride is the one vice that nullifies all the virtues that a person has. However good or talented a person is, he/she is not liked if he/she is proud or vain. Many tragic heroes in fiction and history were the victims of their own pride. It is often said that ‘Pride comes before a fall’.

Write down two or three proverbs/axioms that suit the message in Bertha’s story;

“Pride goes before a fall.”
“Wealth is a gift from God, and pride is bequeathed to us from the devil.”
“Proud people breed sad sorrows for themselves.

5. Write three to five sentences about each of the following character's

1. The Aunt: The aunt was a meek and mild woman. She did not understand children, and could not control them. She had no imagination to make up a story, and no skills to present the story in an interesting manner. She believed that children needed a strict moral upbringing. She was upset with the bachelor’s story and thought that it was improper.

2. The Bachelor: The bachelor was impatient with the aunt’s inability to control the children. He understood kids well and knew what type of story they wanted. He was resourceful and found a method to keep the children quiet for ten minutes. He also enjoyed the fact that the children would now trouble their aunt for an improper story.

3. Cyril: Cyril was a normal, naughty and restless boy. He had many questions to ask and wanted answers for all those questions. He was quite outspoken in saying that he found the aunt’s story stupid. He found the bachelor’s unusual story beautiful.

4. Bertha: Bertha was a very, very good little girl. She was so good that she was horrible. She was also obedient and punctual. She won many medals for her good qualities. But she had one bad quality, and that was pride. However, the moment she was in danger, she wished that she had not been so extraordinarily good. She was finally devoured by the wolf.

Say whether you agree or disagree.

The children would have behaved well in the train if their aunt had scolded them harshly – Disagree

The youngest child was most irritating – Agree

Being a bachelor, the stranger had no patience with children – Disagree

The children showed disinterest even in the bachelor’s story-telling, throughout – Disagree

Bertha was very good but very proud too – Agree

The Prince had rare, uncommon likes and dislikes – Disagree

The wolf could not trace Bertha because she was behind a myrtle bush – Agree

The bachelor had narrated an improper story to the children – Disagree

7. ‘The Storyteller’ has a story within a story.

‘The Storyteller’ has a story within a story. Search from the internet or your library books for other stories which have another story within. Enlist at least 3 to 5 of them.

Ramayan. Mahabharat, Panchatantra.

8. List all the verbs related to ‘say’ or ‘tell’ from the passage.

Verbs related to ‘say’ or ‘tell’: said, exclaimed, added, asked, protested.
Verbs related to ‘say’ or ‘tell’: demanded, admitted, said
Verbs related to ‘say’ or ‘tell’: said, retort, demanded, began, asked.
Verbs related to ‘say’ or ‘tell’: continued, quoted, demanded, said.
Verbs related to ‘say’ or ‘tell’: said

9. Read: ‘The Open Window by H.H. Munro (Saki).

Complete the following:

The next stop of the train was at Templecombe.

Most of the remarks of the aunt seemed to begin with ‘Don’t’.

The bachelor said nothing out loud.

The child moved reluctantly to the window.

How many occupants did the compartment have?

The compartment had five occupants.

Why did the aunt have to use the word ‘Don’t’ so often?

The children were very bored and restless and indulged in irritating activities like smacking the cushions of the seats. Hence the aunt had to use the word ‘Don’t’ very often.

Write the antonyms of the following words using prefixes :

1.  occupied × unoccupied
2. limited × unlimited

Rewrite the following as indirect speech:“But there is lots of grass in that field,” protested the boy.

The boy protested that there was lots of grass in that field.

Find an example of the following

 punctuation mark from the passage and copy the sentence in which it is used: semi-colon

“But there is lots of grass in that field,” protested the boy; “There’s nothing else but grass there.”

Do you like to travel long distances by train?

Yes, I do. Every year, we go to my native place by train, and we have a lovely time. Since we go during the Diwali holidays, the route along the Konkan Railway is very beautiful and scenic at that time. We watch the scenery flash by, and play card games when it gets dark.

Write whether the following statements are True or False:

The bachelor was irritated with the situation – True

The aunt was able to satisfy Cyril’s curiosity – False

The smaller girl knew only one line of the poem – True

They could see very few cows from the windows – False

To which question from Cyril was aunt unable to give a reasonable answer?

Aunt was unable to give a reasonable answer to Cyril’s question: ‘Why is the grass in the other field better?’

How did the smaller of the two girls irritate the bachelor?

The smaller of the two girls began to recite the poem ‘On the Road to Mandalay’. She only knew the first line, but she repeated the line over and over again, in a dreamy but resolute and very audible voice. This irritated the bachelor.

List all the verbs related to ‘say’ or ‘tell’ from the passage.

Verbs related to ‘say’ or ‘tell’: suggested, exclaimed, persisted, repeated, said.

Rewrite the following as indirect speech:“Perhaps the grass in the other field is better,” suggested the aunt fatuously.

The aunt suggested fatuously that perhaps the grass in the other field was better.

Find an example of the following punctuation mark from the passage and copy the sentence in which it is used:

semi-colon.

She repeated the line over and over again, in a dreamy but resolute and very audible voice: it I seemed ……… .

Rewrite the following sentence using ‘not’:She only knew the first line.

She did not know any other line except the first.

What is your opinion of the aunt?

I feel very sorry for the aunt. She was very meek and completely unable to handle the three children. Knowing that she was going on a train journey with three small children, she should have brought something along to keep them occupied.

Who said the following words?

“Wouldn’t they have saved her if she hadn’t been good?”

the bigger of the two girls

“Well, yes,”

the aunt

“I didn’t listen after the first bit.”

Cyril

“It’s the stupidest story I’ve ever heard.”

the bigger of the two girls

How did the children show their disapproval of the aunt’s story?

The children interrupted the story at frequent intervals with loud, petulant questionings. After the story was over, the bigger girl said that it was the stupidest story she had ever heard. Cyril agreed with her that it was stupid. The smaller girl had stopped listening and was repeating her favourite line from the poem.

Give the noun forms of the following words:

1. moral – morality
2. stupid – stupidity

Rewrite the following as indirect speech:“Wouldn’t they have saved her if she hadn’t been good?” demanded the bigger of the small girls.

The bigger of the small girls demanded whether they wouldn’t have saved her if she hadn’t been good.

Frame Wh-questions to get the underlined parts in the following sentences as the

1. Her reputation as a story-teller did not rank high.
2. In a low, confidential voice she began the story

Answers-

1. What did not rank high?
2. How did she begin the story?

What did the bachelor not agree with?

The aunt said that it was a very difficult thing to tell stories that children can both understand and appreciate. The bachelor did not agree with this statement.

What roused the children’s interest in the story?

The bachelor said that the good little Bertha was ‘horribly’ good. When the children heard this, their interest was roused. The word ‘horrible’ in connection with goodness was something new that they appreciated and found acceptable.

Write the gender of the following :

bachelor – masculine gender
aunt – feminine gender
children – common gender
fant – common gender.

Rewrite the following as indirect speech:“Was she pretty?” asked the bigger of the small girls.

The bigger of the small girls asked whether she was pretty,

Find an example of the following punctuation mark from the passage and copy the sentences in which it is used:

semi-colon.

1. The children’s momentarily-aroused interest began at once to flicker; all stories seemed………
2. There was a wave of reaction in favour of the story; the word horrible in connection with goodness…………

Rewrite the following sentences using ‘not only … but also …’ :

1. She was always truthful, she kept her clothes clean.
2. It’s a very difficult thing to tell stories that children can both understand and appreciate.

Answer:

1.She was not only always truthful, but she also kept her clothes clean.
2. It’s a very difficult thing to tell stories that children can not only understand but also appreciate.

Do you like stories that have a moral or a message?

That depends on the way the story is narrated and the message that is in the story. I don’t like the usual fairy-tale stories or the do-good type stories now; I like stories that make me think about something or affect me positively in some way.

Punctuate rhe following: dont cyril dont exclaimed the aunt as the small boy began sacking the cushions of the seat

“Don’t, Cyril, don’t,” exclaimed the aunt, as the small boy began sacking the cushions of the seat.

Make a meaningful sentence using the I phrase ‘over and over again’:

The little girl repeated the answer over and over again.

Spot the error and correct the sentence:I doesn’t agree with you,” said the bachelor.

“I don’t agree with you,” said the bachelor.

Pick out the present participle/s from the given sentence:

She began an unenterprising and uninteresting story about a little girl who was good.

unenterprising, uninteresting

Identify the type of sentence:Why is it better?

Interrogative sentence

Find out two hidden words from the word ‘character’.

character-react, chart (heart, charter).

Form the present participle of a verb from the lesson in which the last letter is doubled.

begin -beginning.

Write the following words in alphabetical order:fatuously, inevitable, interest, estimation.

estimation, fatuously, inevitable, interest.

Make a word chain of about four adjectives of your own.

polite → excellent thoughtful → lovely → youthful

Use the word fast in two separate sentences, the word having different meanings (homographs):

(a) “This is a fast train and doesn’t stop at all the stations,” said the woman.
(b) The saint refused to break his fast.

“Why is the grass in the other field better?” persisted Cyril. (Rewrite using indirect speech.)

Cyril asked persistently why the grass in the other field was better.

The children moved listlessly. (Use the past continuous tense of the verb.)

The children were moving listlessly.

Use the following word in two separate sentences, once as a noun and once as a verb: interest

(a) I have no interest in politics, (noun)
(b) Military history doesn’t really interest me. (verb)

This is the stupidest story I’ve ever heard. (Change the degree of comparison.)

(a) I’ve never heard a story as stupid as this. (Positive)
(b) This story is stupider/more stupid than any story I’ve ever heard. (Comparative)

Write if the following statements are True or False:

There were no sheep in the park – True
Bertha was allowed to walk in the park twice a week – False
There were no animals at all in the park – False
Bertha had the most medals in the town – True

For which three values did Bertha win medals? What was exceptional about it?

Bertha won medals for obedience, punctuality and good behaviour. This was exceptional because no other child in the town where she lived had as many as three medals, which Bertha had.

How did the Prince reward Bertha?

The Prince rewarded Bertha by allowing her to walk in his beautiful park once a week. As no children were ever allowed in it, this was great honour for Bertha.

Write the plural of the following words:

country – countries
dress – dresses
storyteller – storytellers
punctuality – punctuality

Find example /examples of the following punctuation marks from the story and copy the lines in which they are used:

1. colon
2. semi-colon

1. colon – then he resumed
 2. semi-colon – sink into the children’s imaginations

Rewrite the following as indirect speech:“Were there any sheep on the park?” demanded Cyril.

Cyril asked in a demanding tone if there were any sheep in the park.

No other child in the town had as many as three medals. (Rewrite beginning ‘She was….’.)

She was the only child in the town who had as many as three medals.

Do you like listening to stories?

I generally don’t like listening to stories; but if they are short and interesting, then I listen. It also depends on the narrator; if it is narrated well, then I like to listen. I used to listen to a lot of stories in my childhood, told by my grandmother.

Answer what the following things are, in one or two words:

Bertha was sorry about the absence of this. flowers.
Bertha meant to keep this. her promise.
The flowers had been eaten by these. the animals.
They clinked against one another. the medals.

Why did the children approve of the Prince’s decision?

Maybe the children liked animals better than they liked flowers. Besides, they were probably happy that the good Bertha had no flowers she couldn’t pick. Hence they approved of the Prince’s decision.

Fill in the blanks with the correct adjectives:

delightful things
hummingbirds
beautiful parrots
popular tunes

Match the words with the parts of speech they belong to, with reference to the passage:

with – preposition
 approval – noun
 rather – adverb
 green – adjective

Find example/examples of the following punctuation marks from the story and copy the lines in which they are used:

1. colon
2. semi-colon

1. colon: Bertha walked up and down and enjoyed herself immensely, and thought to herself
2. semi-colon: There was a murmur of approval at the excellence of the Prince’s decision

Rewrite the following as indirect speech:“Because the animals had eaten them all,” said the bachelor promptly.

The bachelor promptly said that it was because the animals had eaten them all.

It made her feel silly to find that there were no flowers to pick.(Replace the underlined words with gerunds.)

Finding that there were no flowers for picking made her feel silly.

Complete the following statements:

An enormous wolf came prowling into the park.
The wolf came after her with huge leaps and bounds.
Bertha managed to reach a shrubbery of myrtle bushes.
Bertha hid herself in one of the thickest of the bushes.

Why did Bertha wish she had never come to the park?

Bertha saw an enormous wolf come stealing towards her. She was terribly frightened and wished she had never come to the park.

Why was the wolf unable to trace Bertha?

The scent of the myrtle was so strong that the wolf could not sniff out where Bertha was hiding. The bushes were also too thick for him to see her.

Match the following

Answers-
white – clean – pinafore
pale – grey – eyes
thick – myrtle – bushes
fat – little – animal.

Do as Directed:

The scent of the myrtle was so strong that the wolf could not sniff out where Bertha was hiding. (Rewrite using ‘too … to …’.)

The scent of the myrtle was too strong for the wolf to sniff out where Bertha was hiding.

She managed to reach a shrubbery of myrtle bushes and she hid herself in one of the thickest of the bushes. (Rewrite as a simple sentence.)

Managing to reach a shrubbery of myrtle bushes, she hid herself in one of the thickest of the bushes.

Do you like Bertha? Why?

No, I don’t like Bertha. She is too good to be true. She also knows that she is good and she is proud of this fact. This makes her irritating and horrible.

Who said the followings

Unhappy woman!

the bachelor

The story began badly.

the bigger of the small girls

A most improper story.

the aunt

I kept them quiet for ten minutes.

the bachelor

What gave Bertha away and how did she meet her end?

The clinking of her medals gave Bertha away. The wolf dashed into the bush in which she was hiding, dragged her out and devoured her to the last morsel.

What impact did the story have on the children?

The children loved the story and said it was the most beautiful story they had ever heard. It had also kept them quiet for the remainder of the train journey.

Why was their aunt annoyed with the bachelor?

Their aunt had probably always been telling the children the advantages of having a good moral character. Now, in the bachelor’s story, the extremely good Bertha had met a terrible end. So the aunt was annoyed with the bachelor for undermining the effect of years of her careful teaching.

List all the verbs related to ‘say’ or ‘tell’ from the passage.

Verbs related to ‘say’ or ‘tell’: said, observed.

Pick out at least six abstract nouns from the passage :

Abstract nouns are: obedience, conduct, punctuality, ferocity, triumph, goodness, (decision, opinion)

Find example/examples of the following punctuation marks from the story and copy the ! sentence in which they are used: semi-colol

1. The wolf was just moving away, when he heard the sound of the medals clinking and stopped to listen;
2. “Unhappy woman!” he observed to himself as he walked down the platform of Templecombe station.

Rewrite the following as indirect speech:“Unhappy woman!” he observed to himself.

He observed to himself that she was an unhappy woman.

Punctuate:

it is the only beautiful story ive ever heard said cyril

“It is the only beautiful story I’ve ever heard,” said Cyril.

Make a meaningful sentence using the phrase ‘from a great distance’.

The frightened king watched the lion from a great distance.

Spot the error and correct the sentence:So many people would has decided the other way.

So many people would have decided the other way.

Pick out the infinitive in the given sentence and use it in a sentence of your own:She had meant to keep her promise.

The maid was not allowed to keep the clothes in the cupboard.

Identify the type of sentence:Why weren’t there any flowers?

Interrogative sentence

Find out two hidden words from the word ‘belongings’.

belongings – belong, longing (going, single)

Form the present and past participle of a verb in which the last letter is doubled.

excel – excelled, excelling

Write the given words in alphabetical order: approval, animals, enormous, beautiful

animals, approval, beautiful, enormously

Use the word ‘rage’ in two separate sentences, the word having different meanings (homographs) :

(a) Thick denims soon became a great rage all over the world.
(b) She walked off the stage in a rage.

“The story began badly,” said the smaller of S the small girls. (Rewrite using indirect speech.)

The smaller of the small girls said that the story had begun badly.

She had meant to keep her promise.(Use the present tense of the verb.)

She means to keep her promise.

Everybody talked about her goodness.(Change the voice beginning ‘Her….’.)

Her goodness was talked about by everybody.

Use the word ‘park’ in two separate sentences, once as a noun and once as a verb :

(a) Children love going to the park to play. (noun)
(b) The driver was looking for a place to park the car. (verb)

Use the words ‘immense’ and ‘beautiful’ in a single sentence of your own.

The immense mountain had beautiful flowers on its slopes.

4.3 Intellectual Rubbish 

Textbook Questions and Answers 

Warming Up: 

How will you react in the following situations? 

Your Science teacher tells you plants exposed to the sunlight grow faster than those always in the shade.
………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………
Points: change the location of your plants – disbelieve her, try some experiments, etc. 

Your aunt tells you not to go for a job interview because it’s a no moon day, that very same day.
………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………
Points: you ignore her words – you listen to her words – you ask for proof etc. 

Your friend argues with you that Mount Everest is not the highest peak in the world.
………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………
Points: you pity his ignorance – you believe him – you look up the internet to check, etc.
A stranger at your door claims to be a magician and promises your mother to turn all her silver jewellery into gold.
………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………
Points: you slam the door – you call the police – you try to trick him, you give the gold, etc. 

What do you notice about the following pairs of words? 

act naturally
liquid gas
open secret
sound of silence
sweet sorrow
original copy
only choice
growing smaller
They are all contrasting pairs of words used together. Such contrasting pairs of words that go together are called Oxymorons. 

Now try to add a contradictory word (Oxymoron) to the following: 

What a ……………… mess you’ve got us into!
What a wonderful mess you’ve got us into! 

It’s a …………… imitation of a diamond necklace.
It’s a genuine imitation of a diamond necklace. 

My trip to Matheran was a …………. holiday.
My trip to Matheran was a working holiday.

With such heavy makeup, she looks ……………. ugly.
With such heavy make-up, she looks pretty ugly. 

A ……………. crowd gathered to see the magic show.
A tiny crowd gathered to see the magic show. 

Note:- Contrasting words that go together are examples of the language device called Oxymoron

The following expressions are a combination of a noun preceded by a describing word.
Replace the describing words with as many others as you can, that go with the underlined nouns.
eg. silly mistake, grave mistake, careless mistake, obvious mistake etc. 

1. fatal mistake
silly mistake, grave mistake, careless mistake, obvious mistake. 

2. foreign customs
established customs, local customs, traditional customs, age-old customs. 

3. unappetizing diet
nutritious diet, healthy diet, unhealthy diet, strict diet, balanced diet, staple diet, vegetarian diet. 

4. plentiful supply
sufficient supply, regular supply, continuous supply, irregular supply. 

5. simple device
complicated device, expensive device, helpful device, useless device, clever device, ingenious device, safety device. 

5. savage controversy
raging controversy, bitter controversy, unending controversy, fierce controversy. 

6. modern technique
new technique, conventional technique, advanced technique, simple technique. 

5.foolish custom:
quaint custom, ancient custom, Indian custom, accepted custom. 

Use the following idioms/expressions in sentences of your own.

to be prone to …………………………………
We are prone to infections during monsoon. 

to have a difference of opinion ………………………
If you have a difference of opinion with someone, you must settle it amicably. 

to go beyond …………………………….
The fight between the two women was going beyond the limits of decent behaviour. 

to have a beneficial effect ……………………………………
Exercising regularly has a beneficial effect on the body. 

to have a bias ………………………………
We should not have a bias against foreign ideas.
to undo ……………………………………..

“Do not undo all the good that I have done,” said the psychiatrist to the woman. 

to be wary of ………………………………..
One should be wary of schemes which promise to make one rich overnight. 

under the influence ……………………………….
He committed the crime when he was under the influence of alcohol. 

Say ‘WHY’?

One should avoid getting angry about a difference of opinion.

One should avoid getting angry about a ; difference of opinion because if one gets angry, it will show that one’s belief is going beyond what the evidence indicates or states.

The writer found his stay abroad very profitable.

The writer found his stay abroad very profitable because it helped him to become aware of foreign ideas and customs and diminish the intensity of his insular prejudice. 

The writer grew less dogmatic and more open-minded.

When the writer was young, he lived for some time outside his country. He became aware of foreign ideas and customs. This made him grow less dogmatic and more open-minded. 

Men declaring that they are saints write letters to the writer.

The writer is a renowned person. The men who declare themselves as saints want the writer to mention them in his lectures so that they get some free publicity. Hence they write letters to the writer. 

The writer claims that all false beliefs need not be replaced by cold science.

The writer claims that all false beliefs need not be replaced by cold science because if this is done, the world would lose some of its interest and variety. 

Make sentences of your own to show the difference of usage of the following words: 

device
devise
Today, we make use of various devices to help us.
Mothers must devise ways of keeping their children out of mischief. 

Make sentences of your own to show the difference of usage of the following homophones :

advice
advise
It is very easy to give advice but difficult to follow it.
The teacher advised the girl not to waste time. 

Make sentences of your own to show the difference of usage of the following homophones:

practice
practise
Dowry is an evil practice prevalent in India.
I have to practise every day if I want to win the dance competition. 

When a family member is very ill for long, the grandmother of the family urges everyone to send for a person who claims he can cure victims of black magic. 

Compose a dialogue with her, in which her granddaughter politely convinces her that she should not believe in such things. 

Grandmother: What a situation! Now that you have tried all your fancy modern medicines, listen to me. Call Cureybaba.
Granddaughter: Who is he? Never heard of him.
Grandmother: I am certain that your mother is the victim of black magic. Cureybaba will cure her. You saw him at our neighbour’s house a few days back. He is bald and …
Granddaughter: Grandma, for Heavens Sake! Mom was ill, no doubt, but her illness has been diagnosed and it is easily curable! There are plenty of medicines in the market.
Grandmother: She’s been ill for so long now! Granddaughter: Oh, Grandma, only for two months! The diagnosis took long.
Grandmother: Cureybaba will cure her in one sitting.
Granddaughter: Listen, Granny dear, these people are all frauds. If your Cureybaba was so good, why doesn’t he get some hair on his head – we know he wears a wig – or cure his horrible cough? Why doesn’t he cure his own mother who is so ill? And has he cured that poor little girl next door? No, he hasn’t. He’s a fraud, Granny.
Grandmother: But … but, ……….
Granddaughter: Granny, there’s no such thing as black magic. You know that full well. You have seen enough of these ‘babas’ being exposed. Then why ………….
Grandmother: Oh, OK. If you say your mother’s 5 illness can be cured by modern medicines easily, I will forget Cureybaba and black magic. Now that I come to think of it, our other neighbour was telling me how he cheated somebody the other day ……….
Granddaughter: There you are, Granny!

List the various ways of avoiding error 1 mentioned in the passage. 

The various ways of avoiding error are: 

  • make observations yourself
  • make yourself aware of your bias
  • be on your guard when you find yourself getting angry about a difference of opinion.

Answer the following questions: 

If an opinion contrary to your own makes you angry, what does it indicate?

If an opinion contrary to my own makes me angry, it indicates that I am subconsciously aware of having no good reason for thinking as I do. 

What are the most savage controversies about?

The most savage controversies are about ! those matters as to which there is no good evidence either way. 

What are the benefits of travel?

Travelling helps you to become aware of foreign ideas and customs. You begin to accept them and get rid of your own narrow outlook.

Is the influence of foreign customs always beneficial?

No, not always. Very often, the influence of foreign customs can be harmful and we must be cautious while following them.

What are the advantages of an imaginary argument with a person having a different bias?

The advantage of an imaginary argument with a person having a different bias is that it is not subject to the limitations of time and space. One can have this argument at any time and at any place. 

Why should one be wary of opinions that flatter one’s self-esteem?

One should be wary of opinions that flatter one’s self-esteem because there may be opinions with abundant evidence to prove the exact opposite to what one believes. 

How does fear lead us to error?

Fear leads us to error by making us do things like inventing rumours of disaster in wartime, imagining objects of terror, such as ghosts, or by creating belief in something comforting, like the elixir of life, or heaven for ourselves and hell for our enemies. 

Write down the way of avoiding error mentioned in the passage.

The way of avoiding error mentioned in the passage is to try to conquer fear. 

What is the meaning of ‘intellectual rubbish’?

This is an oxymoron, where the writer has used contrasting or contradictory words that go together. The writer uses the phrase to describe all false beliefs, baseless opinions, dogmatism, fears and superstitions of various kinds. People follow certain beliefs, ideas and customs without inquiring into their validity. Sometimes, many of these beliefs and customs lead to evil and suffering in the world. 

Find the opposites of the following:

cautious × reckless (incautious)
dogmatic × open-minded
contrary × same
savage × mild
reasonable × unreasonable
hypothetical × real
beneficial × harmful
cruelty × kindness/compassion
immune × vulnerable

Write an imaginary dialogue contesting opposite views on a topic of your choice, e.g. ‘Girls should learn to do all the housework and not boys.’ 

Write an imaginary dialogue contesting opposite views on a topic of your choice, e.g. ‘Girls should learn to do all the housework and not boys.’ 

Topic: Girls should learn to do all the housework and not boys
Myself: Mom, what is this? Why should I learn to do the housework, and not Rohan?
Mom: You are a girl. Girls have to look after the ! house.
Myself: Why? Don’t boys live in a house?
Mom: A woman can look after a home better than a man.
Myself: That’s ancient history, Mom! Haven’t you heard of something called gender equality?
Mom: These new-fangled notions of yours!
Myself: And these notions of only girls having to do housework are all man-made. Look at the west – men and women both do housework. (… and so on. Students can complete this imaginary dialogue.)
(Some topics for imaginary dialogues: should school students be permitted to bring cell phones to school/should coaching classes be banned/should the weight of school bags be monitored/should there be entrance exams for professional courses/should i there be uniforms in schools and colleges.)

Complete the following statements: 

Thinking that you know when in fact you don’t is a fatal mistake.
If the matter is one that can be settled by observation, you must make the observation yourself.
Many matters are less easily brought to the test of experience.
Most of mankind has passionate convictions on many matters. 

What erroneous notion did Aristotle have? What does his example convey to you?

Aristotle had the erroneous notion that women had fewer teeth than men, when in fact he didn’t verily it. His example conveys to us that we must be cautious. We must not think that we know something for sure till we make the observation ourselves. 

Underline the pronouns in the following sentence:

I believe myself that hedgehogs eat black beetles, because I have been told that they do.

I believe myself that hedgehogs eat black beetles, because I have been told that they do. 

Rewrite the sentence replacing the gerund with an infinitive:

Thinking that you know when in fact you don’t is a fatal mistake.

To think that you know when in fact you don’t is a fatal mistake. 

Personal Response: 

What do you feel when:

Someone opposes your strong belief.
I generally get angry but later on I think about it and try to analyse the whole issue. 

Someone insists that 2 + 2 = 5.

I merely laugh at him/her or feel pity at his/her ignorance. 

Simple Factual Activity: 

Write if the following statements are True or False: 

The writer lived in many countries in his youth – True
It was a Chinese custom for the women to have small feet – True
The Manchus followed the Chinese custom – True
Travelling increases the intensity of insular prejudice – False

How can you prevent yourself from developing a dogmatic attitude?

You can prevent yourself from developing a dogmatic attitude by becoming aware of opinions held in social circles different from your own. 

List the various ways of avoiding error mentioned in the passage.

The various ways of avoiding error are:
become aware of opinions held in social circles different from your own
travel, and if you cannot, seek out people with whom you disagree and talk to them. 

Use the following idioms/expressions in a sentence of your own. 

to become aware of:
I became aware of the bear only when it growled loudly. 

Find the opposites of the following :

diminishing
diminishing × increasing 

Replace the gerund in the following sentence with an infinitive:

It is a good way of ridding yourself of certain kinds of dogmatism.

It is a good way to rid yourself of certain kinds of dogmatism. 

Frame a Wh-question to get the underlined part as the answer:

This reflection should generate a certain caution.
What should generate a certain caution? 

Personal Response: 

Do you think that traveling helps us to become more tolerant and understanding?

Yes, it certainly does. It shows us the way different people live, their ideas and customs, the difficulties they face and the way they solve these difficulties. It gives us a much broader view of life. 

Write down the way of avoiding error mentioned in the passage.

The way of avoiding error mentioned in the passage is to have imaginary arguments with people having different bias. 

Activities based on Vocabulary.

good plan.
cunning plan, thoughtful plan, well-made plan, secret plan, master plan, career plan.

It is a good plan to imagine an argument with a person having a different bias. (Rewrite the sentence beginning ‘Imagining

Imagining an argument with a person having a different bias is a good plan.

You may never meet anyone who holds this opinion. (Rewrite the sentence as a simple sentence.)

You may never meet anyone with/having this opinion. 

Have you ever had an imaginary argument with anyone?

Yes. I often have an imaginary argument with my mother. In my imagination, she asks me why have got peor marks in some particular subject and I reply. Then she says something else and I counter that one as well. We argue. I Imagine what she well say and provide the answers.

4.4 My Financial Career 

Write in your own words: 

Why does the bank need so many details of its customer?

The bank has to be sure that the customer is not a fraud. The money deposited or withdrawn should be legal. The government has to be notified about various things. Letters have to be sent to the customer’s home/office or some information given to him about the transactions in his account. For all these reasons, the bank needs many details of its customers. 

What problems do customers face when they have to make a cash deposit at a bank?

First of all, the customer has to go to the bank during banking hours, which may not be convenient. He then has to stand in a queue, fill in the details in the paying-in-slip, etc. There may be a long queue or the staff may be few or slow, leading to a long wait. These are some of the problems that customers face when they have to make a cash deposit at a bank. 

What are the latest modern methods of depositing money in your own or somebody else’s account?

The latest modern method is net banking, that is, operating your account through your email or cell phone to transfer or deposit money.

Find from the lesson the antonyms of the following: 

afterwards × beforehand
careful × irresponsible
confidently × timidly
cheerful × sepulchral

Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate word/idiom from the lesson. 

The detective solved the mysterious crime.
In the examination, I did not know the answer, so I wrote something.
He was dizzy and he shambled into the room.
While arguing with his elders he had a fearfully quick temper.
The sight of a snake rattles me.
As soon as I cross the threshold of my home, I greet my family.
Using the following points frame a character sketch of the narrator. 

Using the following points frame a character sketch of the narrator. Support each character trait with instances from the lesson: 

Diffident and timid
Unusual behaviour
Ignorant about banking
Nervous and careless
Economical
Character sketch of the author: 

The author was a diffident and timid person. Everything about the bank made him nervous; in fact, he was so nervous that he did not even know what he was doing and what he was signing. He behaved in an unusual manner, shambling into the bank and talking in a gloomy voice as if he had a secret. It was also unnecessary for him to ask the manager whether he could talk to him alone. He was quite ignorant about banking, and too nervous to seek the right guidance. 

He did not know how to open an account or write a cheque correctly. He made careless mistakes because of his overwhelming nervousness. First, he wrote the wrong figure on the cheque. Even after realizing the mistake, he did not attempt to correct it. He was careful in spending his money, and saved enough to keep it in silver dollars in a sock at home. 

Rewrite the following in indirect speech: 

“Can I see the manager?” I said.
“Certainly,” said the accountant.

I asked the accountant whether I could see the manager. The accountant replied that I could certainly do so. 

Rewrite the following in indirect speech:

“Good morning,” I said and stepped into the safe.
“Come out,” said the manager coldly.

I wished the manager a ‘good morning’ and stepped into the safe. The manager coldly ordered me to come out. 

Rewrite the following in indirect speech :

…… the words seem to mean, “Let us do this painful thing while the fit is on us.”

…….. the words seem to mean that they should do that painful thing while the fit was on them. 

“What! Are you drawing it all out again?” he asked in surprise.
“Yes, the whole thing,” I said.

He asked me in surprise whether I was drawing it all out again. I replied in the affirmative and confirmed that I was drawing out the whole thing. 

“How will you have it?” he said.
“In fifties,” I said.

He asked me how I would have it. I replied that I would have it in fifties. 

Read the statement given below, and write first your views and then the counterview, in two separate passages: ‘Online/Net banking is better than going personally to the bank for transactions.’ 

Views:
…………………………..
…………………………..
………………………….. 

Counterview:
…………………………..
…………………………..
…………………………..
View:
Online/Net banking is certainly better than going personally to the bank for transactions. You do not have to wait for banking hours or worry about bank holidays. You do not have to stand in a queue or deal with indifferent staff. With net banking, the service is immediate – when you want it, and where you want it. You can operate your account from anywhere in the world. You will get all the information about your transactions at the click of a button. You can do the banking transactions in the cosy privacy of your home. There is no wastage of any sort, and complete privacy to what you are doing. Yes, net banking is worth it, any day! 

Counterview: 

Net banking? Certainly not. If you do all your transactions through a cell phone or a computer, where is the personal touch that is so necessary in our lives? No doubt, you may get things instantly, but is this all there is to life? Besides, if you have a problem, can you discuss it with a computer or a phone? And if you think your accounts are secure and private, that is a myth. Any reasonably good hacker will be able to hack the account and siphon off all your money before you have any idea that it has happened. You have to be extremely cautious and knowledgeable about the ins and outs of net banking to do it successfully. How many people do we have in our country who are so proficient? No, give me normal, face-to-face, personalised banking any day. 

Read the story ‘Lord Emsworth and the Girl Friend’ by P. G. Wodehouse. 

What word should the writer have avoided in his request to see the manager?

The writer should have avoided the word ‘alone’ in his request to see the manager. 

Why was the manager alarmed?

The manager felt that the writer had some awful secret to reveal. Hence he was alarmed. 

Rewrite the following sentence as a simple sentence :

If I attempt to transact business there, I become an irresponsible idiot

On attempting to transact business there, I become an irresponsible idiot. 

Personal Response:

Have you been to a bank? If so, how did you feel about it? If not, would you like to go there?

Yes, I have been to a bank, but not alone. I have gone there with my mother, and I was completely confused. She told me to just follow her quietly, and that is what I did! of course, as soon as I am eighteen I will learn all these things and manage my own bank account. 

Write whether the following statements are True or False: 

The manager was very rude to the narrator in the beginning – False
The narrator was one of Pinkerton’s men – False
The narrator was not a detective – True
The narrator was a young Gould – False

Who did the manager think his visitor was?

The manager thought his visitor was one of Pinkerton’s men. 

What was the accountant’s name? What was he asked to do?

The accountant’s name was Mr Montgomery. He was asked to deal with the narrator’s business. 

Find from the lesson the antonyms of the following:

withdraw
public
withdraw × deposit
public × private 

Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate word/idiom from the lesson:

There was a huge painting kept neatly at the side of the room. 

Rewrite using the noun forms of the underlined words:

He concluded now that I was the son of Baron Rothschild.

I propose to deposit fifty-six dollars now.

He came to the conclusion now that I was the son of Baron Rothschild.

My proposal is to make a deposit of fifty-six dollars now. 

Personal Response:

Why do you think the manager spoke ‘coldly’ to the narrator?

When the narrator said that he wanted to speak to the manager alone, the manager was alarmed because he thought that the narrator was a detective who had come to find out something. When the narrator said that he was not a detective but had come to open an account, the manager thought that he was a very rich man who would deposit a huge amount of money in the bank. 

But when the narrator mentioned he wanted to deposit the princely sum of fifty-six dollars, the manager got angry and spoke coldly to him for having wasted his precious time.

Complete the paragraph :

I went up to the accountant’s wicket and poked the ball of money at him with a quick, convulsive movement as if I was doing a conjuring trick. 

What procedure did the author have to follow to open the account?

To open an account, the author had to first give the money to the accountant. He then had to write the sum on a slip and sign his name in a book. 

What error did the author make in the cheque?

The author wrote a cheque for fifty-six dollars instead of six dollars. This was the error. 

Match the words in Column A with the nouns in Column B: 

invalid – millionaire
ghastly-pale
hollow – voice
painful – thing 

Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate word/idiom from the lesson.

Not having eaten the whole day, I was feeling dizzy, and the classroom swam before my eyes.  

Rewrite the following sentence as a simple sentence, beginning ‘Going …’ ; I went up to the accountant’s wicket and poked the ball of money at him with a quick, convulsive movement.

Going up to the accountant’s wicket, I poked the ball of money at him with a quick, convulsive movement. 

Personal Response:

Do you feel nervous when you have to go to a strange place and talk to strange people?

Yes, I do. I think I should get over this nervousness and learn to be calm and confident. I am trying hard to do so, because I know that this is what is needed in the world today. 

Number the sentences correctly in their order of occurrence in the story: 

The clerk prepared to pay the money. 
I caught the echo of a roar of laughter.
I made a wretched attempt to look like a man with a fearful temper. 
“Are you not going to deposit any mort?” asked the clerk, astonished. 

Did the author correct the error he had made In the cheque?

No. he did not. 

Why did the author pretend to appear like a bad-tempered man?

The officials at the bank were astonished by the writer’s behaviour. The writer was terribly nervous, and he thought that if he could look as If he had been Insulted and was hence withdrawing his money, they might not laugh at him. Hence he pretended to appear like a bad-tempered man.

What decision has the author taken after the episode at the bank?

After the episode at the bank, the author has decided that he will not keep his money ¡n a bank any more. He will keep his money in cash in his trouser pocket and his savings in silver dollars in a sock.  

Find from the lesson the antonyms of the following:

spending
happiness
spending × saving
happiness × misery 

Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate word/idiom from the lesson.

There was a roar of laughter when the comedian cracked a joke. 

Personal Response:

Is the author’s last decision wise?

No, the author’s last decision is not wise. It is risky to keep money in the trousers pocket or in a sock; the money could be stolen. On the contrary you will get interest on the money if you keep it in a bank. 

Write two compound words of your own.

doorway, moonlight 

Make a meaningful sentence using the phrase ‘in some alarm’.

The man looked at the gun in his friend’s hand in some alarm. 

Spot the error and correct the sentence:

The manager being a grave, calm man.

The manager was a grave, calm man.

Pick out a gerund from the given sentence and use it in your own sentence:

All the clerks had stopped writing.
writing-gerund.
Sentence: The girl began writing very late. 

Identify the type of sentence:

Come in here.
Imperative sentence 

Pick out the word which cannot be formed by using the letters of the given word:

sepulchral-clear, pleas, crease, lurch.
crease 

Form the present and past participle of a verb in which the last letter is doubled.

plan-planned, planning 

Write the following words in alphabetical order:

prepared, pocket, painful, presume
painful, pocket, prepared, presume 

Use the following word and its homophone in two separate sentences: write

I love to write poems and stories.
We must always try to do the right thing. 

“Are you not going to deposit any more?” said the clerk, astonished. (Rewrite using indirect speech.)

The clerk asked in astonishment whether I was not going to deposit any more. 

I was writing the cheque. (Use the future perfect tense of the verb.)

I shall have written the cheque. 

Prepare a word register of four words related to bank.

bank – deposit, cheque, passbook, draft, account, withdrawal, credit, cashier, debit. 

Challenging Activities:

I went up to the wicket marked ‘Accountant’.(Rewrite as a complex sentence.)

I went up to the wicket which was marked ‘Accountant’. 

“Can I see the manager?” (Pick out the modal auxiliary and state its function.)

Can-permission

4.5 Tansen

 Textbook Questions and Answers 

Warming Up:
Indian Classical Music consists of many Ragas. Find out from an expert or from the internet, the names of at least 10 Ragas and the time they are sung to produce greater effect.


Name of RagaEffective when
Pahadievening
Bhairavsung in the morning
Deepakevening
Malkoussmall hours of the morning
Yamansunset to late evening
Bhimpalasilate afternoon to sunset
Kedarlate evening to midnight
Jogsmall hours of the morning
Bhairavioften at the end of a long musical performance.
Gaud Malharmonsoon
(Students can find more information from the Internet.) 

Archaic words are those that are no longer used in a language, but sometimes their usage adds a historical or old-times flavour to a piece of writing.

Examples: 

behold – look
feared – frightened
forsooth – indeed
hither – this place
Now find out some archaic words from your mother tongue or another language that you are proficient in and write down at least ten of them, and against each, their modern equivalent and meaning in English. 

Archaic word Modem equivalent Meaning in English
(Students can find out from their parents or other elders, and attempt this in their own mother tongue.) 

There are many legends about the ‘nine gems’ in Akbar’s Court. Can you name some of the nine gems and the stories associated with them?

The nine gems of Akbar’s court were: 

Abu’l Fazi ibn Mubarak
Raja Todar Mai
Abdul Rahim Khan-i-Khana
Raja Birbal
Mulla Do-Piyaza
Faizi
Fakir Aziao-Din
Tansen and
Raja Man Singh I.
There Eire plenty of Akbar-Birbal stories and those of Akbar and Tansen that are famous.
(Students can read these stories either from the library or from the internet.) 

English Workshop: 

Pick out the archaic words from the poem and give their modern equivalents: 

Archaic Words Modem Equivalents
thyyour
thineyours
’twereit were
o’erover
theeyou 

Write who said the following words, to whom, and when: 

Write who said the following words, to whom, and when:
(The answers are given directly and underlined.) 

The expression/sentences who said itTo whom When

“Ah, no, to thee I sing: he sings to God.”
Tansen Akbar When Akbar asks him to sing the same musical composition that Ostad had sung, in the same way

‘What theme this is that holds the soul enchanted.’
Akbar tansen When Akbar hears the beautiful musical composition that Ostad had sung.

Rearrange the following in their proper order as in the poem. Write the serial number against each line:

(The answer is given directly.)
The Ostad sang the Malkous Raga enchantingly. 
Akbar followed Tansen, dressed miserably.
I request you to sing such a song that I will experience unmatched joy. 
Ostad was nowhere to be seen.
O Divine Teacher, please gift us the joy of your song.
One day, the singer sang Deepak Raga in the court. 
Akbar expressed his wish to meet the Teacher. 
He experienced heavenly delight. 
Tansen sings to please the earthly king but Ostad devotes his songs to God. 
She sang Raga Malhar, which had a cooling effect. 

Write the reason in your own words: 

Akbar strongly desired to hear Ostad (the teacher) sing.

Akbar was enraptured with Tansen’s singing. He said that Tansen’s teacher must be and divine for Tansen to have learnt to sing so magically under his coaching. Akbar then felt that Ostad’s singing would be even better, and so he strongly desired to hear Ostad sing. 

Akbar had to dress like a slave.

Akbar badly wanted to meet Tansen’s teacher and hear him sing. However, the teacher did not think it worthy to sing to kings, and hence Tansen suggested that it would be better for Akbar to meet him as a poor slave. Therefore Akbar changed his kingly attire and wore the robes of a poor man. 

After the song, Ostad had vanished.

Ostad vanished because he probably did not; want to hear any praise or any demands for more songs. 

Ostad’s song was more elating than Tansen’s songs.

Ostad’s song was more elating than Tansen’s songs because Tansen sang to Akbar, a human being, while Ostad sang to God. 

What message does the poet wish to convey through this narrative poem, ‘Tansen’? 

What message does the poet wish to convey through this narrative poem, ‘Tansen’.
The poet wishes to convey that one can reach great heights in one’s field if one becomes unworldly and devotes one’s talents to someone or something higher than mere human beings. 

Summarise the poem in your own words in 8-10 lines, highlighting only the main points. 


Tansen 

Tansen was a singer in Akbar’s court. One day, he sang the Deepak Raga so well that Akbar was enraptured. He wished to meet the teacher at whose feet Tansen had learnt to sing so magically. However, the teacher lived in a remote cave in the Himalayas. He shunned wealth and disdained to sing to earthly kings. Akbar donned the clothes of a slave and went with Tansen to meet him. On their request, Ostad sang the Malkous Raga. It was so enchanting that Akbar felt as if he had been transported to Heaven. Soon after this, Ostad vanished. Akbar asked Tansen whether he could sing the same musical composition that Ostad had sung. Tansen replied that he could not, for he, Tansen, sang to earthly kings, while his Ostad sang to God.

Say whether the following statements are True or False:

(The answers are given directly and underlined.) 

Akbar was fond of music. 
True
Malhar is the Song of Fire. 
False
Akbar rewarded Tansen for his singing. 
True
Tansen did not come back to normal. 
False

Write who said the following words, to whom, and when:

(The answers are given directly and underlined.) 

Utterance  Who said itTo whom When

“Mighty thy teacher must be and divine.”
Akbar Tansen After hearing the wonderful Deepak Raga.

“He dwells within a cave of Himalay.”
Tansen Akbar When Akbar praised Tansen and asked him about his teacher.

“As you desire, Huzoor.”
Tansen Akbar When Akbar told Tansen that he wanted to see the teacher and hear him sing.
“O Holy Master, bless us with thy song!”
Akbar and Tansen The teacher When they met the teacher in the mountains.

How did Akbar reward Tansen for the ecstatic effect of his singing?

Akbar rewarded Tansen by praising him, gifting him a lot of jewels and calling him the chief jewel in his diadem. 

What happened to Tansen when he sang the Deepak Raga with great fervour?

When Tansen sang the Deepak Raga with great fervour, his body burst into flames and burnt like a pyre. 

How did he (Tansen) come back to normal again?

He(Tansen) came back to normal again when a maiden sang Malhar, the song of cold water, and put out the fire. 

What does the incident tell us about Tansen’s singing?

The incident tells us that Tansen’s singing was whole-hearted, magical and divine. 

What did Tansen tell Akbar about his teacher? 

Tansen told Akbar that his teacher stayed in a remote cave in the Himalayas, far away from the unworthy crowds, scorning worldly wealth. He did not think it worthy to sing to kings, and hence Tansen suggested that it would be better for Akbar to meet him as a poor slave.

What was the magical effect of Ostad’s rendering the Malkous Raga?

When Ostad sang the Malkous Raga, the birds and beasts gathered around, enchanted with the song. Akbar felt waves of heavenly rapture. He felt his soul was enchanted and his heart was filled with delight. 

What happened before Akbar could come out of his trance?

Ostad had vanished before Akbar could come out of his trance. 

Why did Tansen’s singing not produce the same effect as that by Ostad?

Tansen’s singing did not produce the same effect as that by Ostad because Tansen sang to Akbar – a human being – while Ostad sang to God. 

Activities based on Poetic Devices:

Pick out the rhyming pairs of words in the first six lines.

Rhyming words: Court – Fort, bells – tells, gem – diadem. 

‘His voice rang like the sound of silver bells.’ Pick out and explain the figure of speech in this line.

Simile: His voice is compared to the sound of silver bells, with the use of the word ‘like’. 

Pick out the rhyming words in the last six lines of the extract. What is the rhyme scheme?

Rhyming words are: slave – cave, feet – sweet, long – song. The rhyme scheme is aa, in rhyming couplets. 

Pick out the figure of speech in the sentence:

‘He felt the waves of heavenly rapture roll.’
The figure of speech is Alliteration; repetition of the sound of the letter ‘r’. 

Write the appreciation of the poem  Tansen

Point Format (for understanding) 

Title: Tansen
Poet: Hazrat Inayat Khan
Rhyme Scheme: The poem is in rhyming couplets. So the rhyme scheme is aa.
Figure of Speech: Alliteration. ‘Tell me, Tansen, what theme this is that holds’. Repetition of the sound of the letter ‘t’. The other figures of speech are Simile and Inversion.
Theme/Central idea: This narrative poem depicts Akbar’s appreciation of Tansen’s singing, his meeting with Tansen’s teacher, and what he felt during this meeting. The final lines lead to the climax of the narration. 

Paragraph Format: 

‘Tansen’ by Hazrat Inayat Khan is a narrative poem depicting Akbar’s appreciation of Tansen’s singing, his meeting with Tansen’s teacher, and what he felt during this meeting. The final lines lead to the climax of the narration. 

The poem is in rhyming couplets. So the Rhyme Scheme is aa. A Figure of Speech : Alliteration: ‘Tell me, Tansen, what theme this is that holds’ – Repetition of the sound of the letter ‘t’. The other figures of speech are Simile and Inversion. 

The poet wishes to convey that one can reach great heights in one’s field if one becomes unworldly and devotes one’s talents to someone or something higher than mere human beings. The story is told systematically and logically and can be easily understood.


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