Maharashtra board 7 std English Balbharati solutions unit 4

Maharashtra board 7th std English Balbharati solutions

Unit 4


 4.1 Under the Greenwood Tree

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Textbook Questions and Answers

 From the poem, find the old word used for each of the following.

towards, here, does


hither, hither, doth

Write in your own words.

Who does the poet invite to join him?

The poet invites all those people who love nature and are ready to shun their ambitions and appreciate life in nature, to join him.

How should that person sing?

That person should sing happily just like a free bird.

What message does the poem convey?

The message conveyed through this poem is that if one wants to live a peaceful life without tensions, enemies and problems, he should spend his life in nature, wherein he would be happy and relaxed. He should forget all his desires and rejoice in the glory of nature like a free bird.

3. Pick out the lines that mean.

Sing in such a manner

turn his merry note

One who wishes to join me

who loves to lie with me

Who gives up his desire for wealth, power, fame, etc.


who doth ambition shun

Life in the forest is free from ill-wishers.

here shall he see no enemy

Happy to eat whatever he can get.

seeking the food he eats, and pleased with what he gets

Find from the Internet and write down.

In which century did William Shakespeare write his famous plays ?

William Shakespeare wrote his plays in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century.

From which play is this song extracted ?

This song is extracted from William Shakespeare’s comedy play ‘As You Like It’.

Which character from the play sings this song?

The song is sung by ‘Amiens’, a loyal courtier of Duke Senior.

 Be a poet. Try to complete the following poem with words that rhyme with each other.

I’d love to live a life that’s free,

Relax under a shady tree,

And fall into a dreamy sleep,

With no strict hours, forced to keep And sing aloud a merry song,

Untrodden paths, as I walk along.

You ask me what I’d get to eat?

Fruits and nuts and berries sweet You ask me with whom I’d get to play Birds and animals, happy and gay And if a woodcutter put a chop Firmly, I would put a stop So that’s the life I’d like too to lead Free from worries, free from greed

State whether the following statement true or false.

1. The only enemy in the forest would be the winter and rough weather.

2. People who do not persue their ambition would be happy to live in nature.


 1. True

 2. True.

Pick out the rhyming words from the poem.

tree – me

note – throat

see – enemy

hither – weather

Give the rhyme scheme for the 1st four lines.

The rhyme scheme for the 1st four lines is aabb.

Come hither, come hither. (Name the figure of speech of the above line)

Tire figure of speech is Repetition. The words ‘come hither’ has been repeated for better poetic effect.

Do as directed.

Give the rhyme scheme for the last four lines

The rhyme scheme for the last four lines is abba.

Who doth ambition shun. (Name the figure of speech)

Inversion – The words are not in proper order for better poetic effect. The proper order is ‘Who doth shun ambition’.

Here shall he see No enemy. (Figure of speech)

Inversion – The words are not in proper order. The proper order is ‘Here he shall see no enemy’.

Under the Greenwood Tree Summary in English

Through the poem Shakespeare invites people to join him in enjoying the merry singing of the birds in the trees. There are no enemies there to be disturbed about except the vagaries of extreme cold and rough weather. They can be happy eating what they get enjoying the sunshine and giving up lofty ambitions.This poem has been taken from William Shakespeare’s play ‘As you like it.’ Amiens, a courtier sings the song ‘under the Greenwood Tree’ in the play.

 4.2 Unke Munke Timpetoo 

 Textbook Questions and Answers

Make adjectives from the following.

1. harm

harmful / harmless

 2. fear


3. question


4. continue


5. thought

thoughtful/ thoughtless

6. courage


7. believe


8. wish


Choose the correct alternative.

Rohan desperately wished for ………….. .

i. a pair of shoes

ii. a warm pullover

iii. a good friend

iv. a table-tennis set


iv. a table-tennis set

Rohan and Muk entered the garden at midnight ……………. .

i. to frighten Mrs. Groover

ii. to chant around the banyan tree

iii. to steal some fruits

iv. to look for a table-tennis set


ii. to chant around the banyan tree

Rohan had finished ……………… rounds of the tree before Mrs. Groover discovered him.

i. seventeen

ii. six

iii. eleven

iv. twelve


iii. eleven

The table-tennis set was gifted by

i. Mrs. Groover

ii. Rohan’s parents

iii. Muk

iv. Timpetoo


i. Mrs. Groover

The Principal turned out to be a very …………… lady.

i. poor and simple

ii. proud and rich

iii. kind and understanding

iv. sad and lonely


kind and understanding

The story has a very heart-warming and touching end. Now try to change the end of the story to make it sound.

(i) very funny

(ii) full of horror and mystery.

Mrs. Groover continued to look at me with a strange look in her eyes which frightened me. I asked her whether she believed in ‘Unke, Munke, Timpetoo’. She suddenly gave out a shriek and started moving towards me with hands outstretched. I was so scared that my feet did not move nor any words came out from my mouth. She had a savage look on her face. I felt that there was something more to Mrs. Groover, no wonder she was staying alone with an evil looking dog. Somehow. I managed to run away from Mrs. Groover. The next day I came to know that Mrs. Groover never stayed in that house.

Mrs. Groover continued to look at me with a strange look in her eyes. It looked as if she was judging me. I asked her, whether she believed in ‘Unke, Munke, Timpetoo’. She said, she did but she was trying to control her laughter. I wondered what had happened to her. She laughed till tears started rolling down her cheeks. She then took me into her house and played some music as I sat listening. The singer used the same chant ‘Unke Munke Timpetoo’. Hearing the chart, I too started laughing and both of us had a hearty laugh and we started humming the song along with the words ‘Unke Munke Timpetoo’, which actually meant nothing.

 ‘Unke, Munke, Timpetoo.

I wish, my wish is coming true.’

Try to compose two other funny magical chants that have rhyming lines.

Prefix and suffix : A letter or group of letters added to the front of a word to change Its meaning and make a new word is called a prefix.


un + tie → untie

non + stop → non-stop

dis + like → dislike

super + man → superman

inter + national → international

Prefix (before the root word)


un + tie = untie

non + stop = nonstop

dis + like = dislike

super + man = superman

inter + national = international

Find at least 5 words with prefixes and identify the prefix in each word. A letter or group of letters added at the end of a word to make another word is called a suffix.


teach + er → teacher

act + or → actor

child + hood → childhood

friend + ship →b friendship

king + dom → kIngdom

use + ful → useful

frequent + ly → frequently

act + ion → action

star + ry → starry

Suffix (after the root word)


teach + er = teacher

act + or = actor

child + hood = childhood

friend + ship = friendship

king + dom = kingdom

use + ful = useful

frequent + ly = frequently

act + ion = action

star + ry = starry

Find 5 examples of words with the following suffixes from the lessons you have studied so far, or from other sources:









hard + ship = hardship

home + less = homeless

happy + ly = happily

clever + ness = cleverness

soft + ly = softly

reason + able = reasonable

Answer the following questions.

Find the sentences in which the author and his friend claim that they do not believe in magic. What do their actions show?

The sentences which claim that the author and his friends do not believe in magic are:

I don’t say I believe in it but my cousin said it works.

And there is no harm in trying.

Why seventeen times and why at midnight?

I thought it was all nonsense.

Their actions show, that though they say that they do not believe in the chanting and magic, yet they decided to try it out, convincing themselves that it did not matter just to try.

(i) If you hear about something that fulfils your wishes, would you try it?

(ii) Do you think that the author is brave?


(i) Yes, If I hear about something that fulfils my wishes, I would surely try it while trying to convince myself that there is no harm in trying.

(ii) Yes, I think the author is brave because he dared to go out at midnight to chant around the banyan tree to get his wish fulfilled knowing very well that the banyan tree belonged to his Ex-Principal who was very strict.

How do we know that Muk was frightened?

We know that Muk was frightened because as soon as he heard Mrs. Groover’s voice saying that she would let her ferocious dog loose on them, he started climbing up the tree.

What opinion do you form of Mrs. Groover from the way she treats the boys?

According to me, Mrs. Groover is an able administrator and disciplinarian outside but from the inside, she seems to be a kind-hearted, sensitive and understanding person. She did not jump to conclusions. She patiently listened to the boys and allowed Rohan to complete the seventeen rounds around the banyan tree to fulfill his wish.

Did the author really rejoice over his shoes and pullover?

No, the author did not really rejoice over his shoes and pullover. He pretended to be happy so as not to hurt the feelings of his parents.

Complete the following sentences.

Mrs. Groover’s garden had …………… .

Rinkoo Lai of class X was …………… .

“Come on, let us go and wish for my …………… .

There was a banyan tree, its aerial roots swaying in the …………… .


a banyan tree

a bully

table tennis set

gentle breeze of the night.

Who was Muk?

Muk was Rohan’s best firend.

Who was Mrs. Groover?

Mrs. Groover was the Ex-Principal of the school Rohan studies in.

Where was the banyan tree located?

The banyan tree was located in Mrs. Groover’s garden which was in Rohan’s neighborhood.

How did Rohan and Muk enter Mrs. Groover’s house?

Roshan and Muk entered Mrs. Groover’s house by climbing the wall and jumping down.

Pick out a compound word from the extract.


Pick out two words so as to get its opposite after adding a prefix. Write both words.

true × untrue

done × undone

harm × unharm

Give noun forms of:










entry/ entrance


Pick out four adverbs from the passage.





Express differently – ten minutes to twelve

Eleven fifty.

I could not think of anything else. (Add a question tag)

I could not think of anything else, could I?

One look from her piercing, pale, green eyes was enough to silence bullies. (Pick out the adjectives)

one, piercing, pale, green.

Personal Response:

Do you believe in magic? Why?

No, I do not believe in magic. I do not believe in magic because it is not proven by science.

Say whether true or false.

A ferocious dog ran after Rohan and Muk.

Mrs. Groover allowed Rohan to finish his rounds.

Mrs. Groover bend down to unleash, the dog.

Muk bodly faced the situation when the dog barked.






List the qualities of Mrs. Groover

Mrs. Groovers qualities

(i) ………………… (ii) ………………… (iii) ………………… (iv) …………………


able administrator



loving and caring

Why did Mrs. Groover threaten to unleash the dog?

The barking of the dog awakened Mrs. Groover at night and in the darkness. She did not know who was there in the garden. Hence she asked who was there or else threatened to unleash the dog.

What was Rohan’s fear?

Rohan’s fear was that Mrs. Groover might not believe him.

Give one word for the following.

Stop continuous progress

Say something indistinctly and quietly

feel or show great joy

set free






State the tense in the following sentences.

I told her everything

I will explain if you let me.

I had never received such a big parcel.


simple past tense

Simple future tense

Past perfect.

Form nouns.










Personal Response.

“and while leaving, would you mind using the front gate?” why do you think Mrs. Groover said that?

Mrs. Groover being compassionate, understood the young boy’s heart. She knew that they had jumped into her compound. At midnight, as she wanted them to be safe, she was actually suggesting that they use the front gate.

“I swore that I would never return.” who said this and why.

This was said by Rohan out of fear and frustration having gone through an unexpected turn of event in the middle of the night.

What is referred to as the ‘great moment’?

To a little boy, opening gifts that he receives is a great moment. As it was Rohan’s birthday, he refers to unwrapping of the gifts he received.

Who had send the big parcel?

The big parcel was from Unke, Munke, Timpetoo.

Why did Rohan whisper “wow!”?

Rohan whispered ‘wow!” because when he opened the colourful gift wrapping, he found a table tennis set which he was greatly longing for. Also he was too thriled or and surprised to . say anything else.

Form Noun










Give adverbs form of:










Muk and I went to see Mrs. Groover quite often. Not only because she made the best tea and cookies. We went because we liked her. (Rewrite using not only… but also)

Muk and I went to see Mrs. Groover quite often not only because she made the best tea and cookies but also because we liked her.

I removed the strings impatiently. (Pick out the adverb from the given sentence)


Do you think Mrs. Groover was responsible for the surprise? Why?

Little Rohan longed to get a table tennies set as gift for his birthday and decided to run around a banyan tree in Mrs. Groover’s garden chanting “Unke Munke Timpetoo” seventeen times at 12 midnight. Understanding the child’s mind and seeing him take so much trouble, she decided to make him happy by gifting a fabulous table tennis set, through not brand new.

Why did Rohan and Muk visit Mrs. Groover often?

After the initial nervousness and hesitation, Rohan found out that Mrs. Groover also believed in Unke, Munke, Timpetoo. They saw the soft human side of their Ex. Principal and started loving her. She too welcomed them with good tea and cookies. Hence they visited her often.

Did the surprise gift really come from Unke, Munke, Timpetoo? In your opinion, who must have sent the gift?

No, the surprise gift did not come from Unke, Munke, Timpetoo. I am sure the surprise gift was sent by Mrs. Groover.

What is ‘Unke, Munke, Timpetoo’ – a charm or an act of friendliness?

‘Unke, Munke, Timpetoo’ is an act of friendliness. We must remember that an act of friendliness is an act of godliness. It keeps alive the humanity in us which is very necessary to make this world a happy one.

Affixes: An affix is a letter or series of letters added to the root (main) word that can change its meaning. Affixes can take the form of a prefix or a suffix.

(a) Examples of prefixes:

trans + port = transport

tri + angle = triangle

uni + lateral = unilateral

anti + biotic = antibiotic

en + courage = encourage

fore + head = forehead

dis + appear = disappear

extra + ordinary = extraordinary

mid + way = midway

hyper + active = hyperactive

micro + scope = microscope

post + pone = postpone

ex + President = ex-President

thermo + meter = thermometer

super + star = superstar

(b) Some more suffixes:

fashion + able = fashionable

play + ful = playful

slow + ly = slowly

meaning + less = meaningless

close + ness = closeness

mad + ly = madly

effort + less = effortless

colour + less = colourless

sad + ness = sadness

owner + ship = ownership

love + able = lovable

beauty + ful = beautiful

workman + ship = workmanship

port + able = portable

help + ful = helpful

month + ly = monthly

quick + ly = quickly

(Add more to this list…)

Why seventeen times and why at midnight? (Identify the kind of sentence)

Interrogative sentence

Don’t ask me. (Add a question tag)

Don’t ask me, will you?

Forget it. (Add a question tag)

Forget it, won’t you? / will you?

The aerial roots were swaying in the breeze. (Separate the Subject and Predicate)

Subject – The aerial roots

Predicate – were swaying in the breeze.

Muk was climbing the tree. (Identify whether theverbisTransitiveor Intransitive)

was climbing – Transitive verb.

Add one of these prefixes to the words below: (un-, re-, dis-)

Mother will ………….. (wrap) the gift.

My dad had to ………….. (connect) the light.

Jane had to ………….. (do) her homework.

Mohan ………….. (likes) eating leafy vegetables.

The knot on the rope is hard to ………….. (tie).







Write a single word with the prefix ‘un-‘ or ‘dis-‘ to complete each sentence.

My brother always ………….. (does not agree) with me.

The answer to your question is ………….. (not known).

My mother told me not to be ………….. (not honest).

I thought I had seen him but he seems to have ………….. (not appear).

I was ………….. (not happy) at being scolded.







Put the words in the brackets in the appropriate form. (Use a prefix or a suffix)

He is acting in a very ………….. way. (child)

She looked ………….. She started to cry. (happy)

The team that he supported was able to win the ………….. (champion)

There were only a ………….. of people at the match, (hand)

I think you should ………….. your decision. (consider)

He wants to be a ………….. when he grows up. (politics)








Make adjectives from the following:
















Unke Munke Timpetoo Summary in English

This story ‘Unke Munke Timpetoo’ revolves round a young boy Rohan, whose birthday. Rohan’s birthday was soon approaching. He wished to have a table tennis set, which he knew his parents would not be able to afford. He tells his wish to his best friend Muk, who tells him that if he really wished for the set, then he would have to go seventeen times around a banyan tree, at midnight chanting ‘Unke Munke Timpetoo’. At first he was scared but decides to try his luck around the only banyan tree which belonged to his Ex-Principal Mrs. Groover.A day before his birthday he, along with his friend goes to the banyan tree. Rohan nearly completes his round when Mrs. Groover comes out and Rohan explains to her what he was doing and why. The next day along with his birthday gifts, he gets the gift he wished for. Only it was not brand new. He did not mind it at all. He wonders who could have sent him the table tennis set. He decides to ask Mrs. Groover but does not have the courage. He then asked if she believed in the chant ‘Unke Munke Timpetoo’ to which she said yes. Rohan, Muk and Mrs. Groover became the best of friends.

4.3 The Red-Headed League 

Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Find and write the descriptions of different people given in this story.

Character Sketch:
a. Sherlock Holmes: A private detective and the story’s protagonist. His keen observations and ability to reason allowing him to solve puzzles that astonish everyone. Sometimes quiet and contemplative, other times bursting with energy, he uses methods that can confuse and frustrate others. He is somewhat a mystery, rarely letting his thoughts known until he has already solved the crime.

b. Dr. John Watson: Sherlock Holmes’ partner and the story’s narrator. Good natured, brave and down-to-earth, Watson is Sherlock Holmes’ sidekick, even though he rarely helps Holmes actually solve any mysteries and Watson often mirrors the reader’s own confusion.

c. Jabez Wilson: A London pawn-broker, Jabez Wilson is an average man whose only remarkable feature is his lock of fiery red hair. His slow and trusting nature prevented him from seeing anything suspicious about either Vincent Spaulding or the preposterous Red-headed League.

d. John Clay / Vincent Spaulding: A notorious criminal working at Jabez Wilson’s pawnshop under the name of Vincent Spaulding. He is evil and haughty. John Clay catches the attention of Sherlock Holmes in spite of his clever plot.

e. Duncan Ross: John Clay’s partner-in-crime. Duncan’s red hair prompts John Clay to devise the Red-headed League to lure Wilson out of his pawnshop for four hours everyday.

2. Present Mr. Wilson’s story as it would be shown in a comic strip.

Write what picture you will show in each frame along with the dialogues. Write the dialogue with the help of the story. Examples:

Frame 1.
Mr. Wilson’s shop:
Spaulding to Wilson: Sir, why don’t you try for this job?

Frame 2.
Mr. Wilson’s shop:
Spaulding to Wilson : It is to help the red-heads.

Frame 3.
Mr. Wilson’s shop
Spaulding to Wilson: They are paying handsomely. It will be an additional income for you.

Frame 4.
Mr. Wilson’s shop:
Spaulding to Wilson: Sir, I will go along with you. Let’s give it a try.

Frame 5.
At Fleet Street:
Wilson to Spaulding: Just see! It is crowded with red-headed people. I don’t stand a chance.

Frame 6.
At Fleet Street:
Spaulding to Wilson: Sir, don’t be disheartened.

Frame 7.
At Fleet Street:
Spaulding to Wilson: Sir, stay by my side. I’ll push you into the office.

Frame 8.
At the office:
Wilson to Spaulding: At last, we are in the office, but there is no one except one man.

Frame 9.
At the office:
Spaulding to Wilson: Sir, you don’t worry. Just answer his questions confidently.

Frame 10.
Mr. Duncan Ross to Wilson:
I’m pleased with your confidence. I’m glad to announce that you have got the job.

Frame 11.
At Fleet Street:
Wilson to Ross: Thank you so much, Sir. I’m highly obliged.

Frame 12.
At the office:
Wilson to Ross: Sir, what am I supposed to do? How much will I be paid?

Frame 13.
At Fleet Street:
Ross to Wilson: You will have to copy the encylopedia Britannica. You will be paid four pounds a week. And: your timings will be from 10 am to 2 pm.

Frame 14.
At the office:
Wilson to Ross: Wonderful Sir, when do I start?

Frame 15.
At the office:
Ross to Wilson: Mr. Wilson, you begin from tomorrow.

Frame 16.
At the office:
Wilson to Ross: Sir, I will put my heart and soul into my job.
Ross to Wilson: You will have to begin with one letter A and go alphabetically.
Wilson to Ross: Ok, Sir.

Frame 17.
At Wilson’s shop:
Spaulding to Wilson: How is your job going?
Wilson to Spaulding: Well I am enjoying it. Mr. Ross is visiting the office every day. He is very much particular about my timings.

Frame 18.
At the office:
Ross to Wilson: How are you finding your work? This is your salary.
Wilson to Ross: Thank you, Sir.

Frame 19.
At Wilson’s office:
Spaulding to Wilson: How are you Sir and how is your job going?
Wilson to Spaulding: It’s been 8 weeks and 1 am really enjoying. Now Mr. Ross has stopped coming to the office.

Frame 20.
At Wilson’s shop:
Spaulding to Wilson: Good morning. What happened today? You did not go out?
Wilson to Spaulding: The office of the League is shut and locked. There is a note nailed on the door saying the League is dissolved.

Frame 21.
At Wilson’s shop:
Wilson to Spaulding: Do you know anything about the League?

Frame 22.
At Wilson’s shop:
Spaulding to Wilson: 1 am unaware about what happened.

Frame 23.
Wilson to himself:
I should find out more about the League. This is a mystery and I want to know why they played this prank upon me.

Frame 24.
Wilson to himself:
Sherlock Holmes will be the best person to solve this mystery. I will go to him.

3. Form groups of five. Discuss how you can complete the rest of the story without referring to Part II of the story.

Mr. Holmes and Watson try to think out why the League shut so abruptly. Holmes feels he should meet Wilson at home to ask some questions that were bothering him. When he reached Wilson’s house, he notices someone leaving the house. Mr. Holmes enquires about that person and understands that he was Wilson’s assistant. Mr. Holmes feels that he has seen the assistants face before.

Later, he checks on records and finds out that the assistant is none but a notorious criminal clay who was absconding. Mr. Holmes already had a sketch of Mr. Ross. On enquiring he came to know that Ross and Spaulding were very close. Mr. Holmes goes to Mr. Ross’ house and threatens him. Mr. Ross spills the beans, that he and Spaulding were going to rob Mr. Wilson the very next day. Mr. Holmes informs the police and both Spaulding and Ross are caught and put behind bars.

4. Language Study.

Modal auxiliary: You have read about main verbs and auxiliary verbs in Sid VI. You know that auxiliary verbs are helping verbs. Modal auxiliary verbs or modal verbs are also helping verbs. They are used with main verbs to show changes/modifications in the meaning of the main verb. They show possibility, ability, permission, intention, etc.

The modal auxiliaries are:

can, may, shall, will
could, might, should, would
must, ought to, used to, need, dare ………
Remember the following:

We do not use ‘to’ before a modal.
We do not add ‘-ed’ or ‘-Ing’ to a modal.
We can form questions and negative sentences using modals without using the auxiliaries be, have, or do.

They can swim.
May I come In?
We shall sing.
Can he swim?
You may go.
She ought to play.
He cannot swim.
You must go.
They might come

Frame simple sentences – statements, questions, requests. orders, permissions, etc. using the modals listed above.


  • Take an umbrella. It may rain today.
  • You should not leave objects lying on the floor.
  • Drivers must stop when the traffic light is red.
  • Can you speak French?
  • I could not solve the problem.
  • May I ask you a question?
  • You may take a holiday today.
  • You should see a doctor.
  • I could run fast when I was young.
  • Can I go out?
  • You need not buy any vegetables.
  • Students shall not enter this room.
  • What should I do to get rid of this pain

The Red Headed League Question Answer Part – II

1. Put the following events in proper order.

Holmes and others go to the bank.
The bank received a lot of gold from the Bank of France.

Ross closes the office of the ‘Red-headed League’.
Ross closes the office of the ‘Red-headed League’.

Holmes catches the criminal Clay.
Holmes visits the area around Mr. Wilson’s shop.

Clay and Ross enter the cellar to steal the gold.
Holmes and others go to the bank.

The bank received a lot of gold from the Bank of France.
Clay and Ross enter the cellar to steal the gold.

Holmes visits the area around Mr. Wilson’s shop.
Holmes catches the criminal Clay.

2. From the passage, find adverbs that end with ‘-ly’.

Adverb        Adjective
frankly            frank
silently          Silent
carefully      careful
finally              final
suddenly        sudden
beautifully      beautiful

3. Discuss the following elements of a detective or mystery story.

a mystery
strange happenings
a smart detective who investigates the happenings
a crime/possibility of a crime
preventing the crime and catching the criminal.
characteristics of the victim
characteristics of the criminal
characteristics of the detective

Use the elements to prepare outlines of detective stories using your imagination. Write a story using any one of the outlines.


Disappearance of the ‘Will’.
Death of the head of the family.
Wife and two sons left behind.
‘Will’ to be read before family members.
The elder brother in charge of the ‘Will’.
He makes excuses of misplacing the ‘Will’ and shows the photocopy of the ‘Will’.
The family lawyer insists on the original ‘Will’.
The elder brother keeps insisting on having lost the ‘Will’.
Mr. Karamchand, a clever and intelligent detective called.
The detective makes the necessary enquiries.
The elder brother, a gambler, a revelation.
The detective catches the elder brother in his own act.
The elder brother owns up.
The lawyer with the help of the detective prevents a big crime from being executed

Caught in his own act:

The disappearance of the ‘Will’ was a mystery in the Patwardhan family. The disappearance of the ‘Will’ came to light when it had to be read by the family members after the death of senior Mr. Patwardhan. Mr. Patwardhan had left behind a lot of property and wealth. Mr. Patwardhan had left behind his wife and two sons. When the family lawyer enquired about the ‘Will’, Mrs Patwardhan said that she had given it to her elder son who had said that he would keep it safely. The younger son was unaware of the ‘Will’ made by his father.

When the lawyer of the family asked him if he had read his father’s ‘Will’, he realised what they were saying and asked his mother to show the ‘Will’, she said that it was with her elder son. When the elder son was asked about the ‘Will’, he started making excuses by saying he had misplaced the ‘Will’ and could not find it. The family lawyer insisted that the ‘Will’ be shown to the younger son.

The elder son brought a photocopy of the ‘Will’. The younger son and the family lawyer demanded the original ‘Will’. The elder son kept on making excuses and also said that the original ‘Will’ was lost. There was something in this situation which was a mystery. This is when the younger son hires a smart and intelligent detective, Mr. Karamchand. Mr. Karamchand makes a lot of enquiries and comes to know that the elder son was in the habit of gambling and was in a lot of debts.

Mr. Karamchand also came to know that the elder son was a very sweet talker and could twist and turn situations to his advantage. On the other hand, the younger brother was quite a simpleton who was happy with what he had, making it easier for the elder brother to manipulate him.

Their mother being quite old, had bouts of memory loss. This was another good reason for the elder son to do as he pleased. Mr. Karamchand, very cleverly got the truth out from the elder son. Mr. Karamchand informed the family lawyer, who in turn, demanded the original copy of the ‘Will’ from the elder son.

The lawyer also told him that it was a crime not to show the ‘Will’ to the family members. The elder brother showed the ‘Will’ to the younger brother. The younger brother read the ‘Will’ and handed it to the family lawyer without suspecting anything. The family lawyer went through the ‘Will’ and found out that the ‘Will’ had been tampered with. The dates and certain words were changed for the benefit of the elder brother.

After a lot of interrogation, the elder brother accepted the crime committed by him. The family lawyer rectified the changes made and now the younger brother got his share of property and wealth.

4. Use the following outline to develop a story as a group activity. Then write the story individually.

Family returns home late at night ……………. hear conversation between thieves from inside the locked house ……………. family gets ready to counter …………….. attack …………… father opens the …………… door ……………. all enter ………….. no one is seen ……………… but T.V. is on detective serial midway.

A Family Drama:
After attending the reception cum dinner of their close friend’s daughter, at the famous five star hotel ‘The Oberoi’, Mr. Pai and his family were returning home discussing the evening. Mr. and Mrs Pai along with their two children Suhani and Soham had attended the function. It was quite late at night, and to add to it, it began to rain making the surroundings dark and scary.

Mr. Pai drove the car cautiously and reached their colony safely. Mr. Pai parked the car while the others waited for him at the entrance of their building. It was still raining and the watchman was nowhere in sight. The common light in the building was not on. The way leading to their house was in darkness. Somehow they gropped their way to the second floor, where they lived. As they reached their house, Mr. Pai felt that he heard footsteps and whispering coming from inside their house. He asked his wife to listen carefully and she too agreed that there was whispering. The conversation indicated robbers searching for valuables. There was no light in their house.

Mr. Pai was an army officer. He asked his family members to stand behind him and he opened the main door very slowly. He could hear conversation and movements too. He slowly went towards the bedroom from where the conversation was coming. The door was closed.

He took out his revolver and pushed the door open quickly only to understand that the conversation was from the T.V. serial ‘Crime Patrol’. He then remembered that he had been watching T.V. before leaving home and had forgotten to switch it off. The other family members who had followed him gave a huge sigh of relief.

Synonyms, antonyms, homonyms: Synonyms are the words from the same language that have the same or more or less the same meaning.


good – nice – pretty
shut – closed – sealed
intelligent – bright

Antonyms are words from the same language that have opposite meanings.
Examples :

strong – weak
right – wrong
hard – soft
up – down

Homonyms are words that are spelt and pronounced in the same way but
have different meaning.

round adjective. – round noun.
walk noun. – walk verb.

Start a collection of synonyms, antonyms and homonyms. Collect at least 50 each. Keep adding to your selection.

Examples of Synonyms:

advice – help – guidance – aid
argument – dispute – squabble
aromatic – fragrant
backbone – spine
choosy – picky
constant – fixed
defective – faulty
enormous – huge – immense
famous – popular – renowned
fantastic – great – brilliant

Examples of Antonyms:

predator × prey
employer × employee
former × latter
exhale × inhale
natural × artificial

Examples of homonyms:

bark (n) – bark (y)
bow (n) – bow (y)
clear (adj) – clear (y)
current (adj) – current (n)
fair (adj) – fair (n)

Answer the following questions:

Who was well suited for the job?

Mr. Wilson was well suited for the job.

What would you suggest/advice Mr. Wilson to do in the given situation?

The best thing to do when you know a crime is being committed or you are being cheated is to go to the lawful authority. I would suggest/ advice Mr. Wilson to go to the police and file a complaint against the people who had cheated him. It is better to do so rather than taking matters into your own hands and make the situation worse.

What did Holmes want to see? Why?

Holmes wanted to see the knees of Mr. Spaulding’s trousers. It was to see if thery were dirty.

Guess where Mr. Merryweather took the others.

Mr. Merryweather led the others through an iron gate, down a narrow passage, that led through a dark, passage into a huge cellar, full of big boxes.

How did Mr. Merryweather come to know about the crime?

Mr. Merryweather got a hint of the crime from Mr. Sherlock Holmes.

Why did Mr. Holmes think the criminals would act that night?

Mr. Holmes had a strong feeling that the criminals would act that night because it was a Friday and the banks and offices would be closed for the weekend making the work of the criminals easier.

How did the criminals enter the cellar?

The criminals had made a square gash on the wall which separated Mr. Wilson’s house and the bank’s cellar. They removed a broad stone which left a square hole enabling the criminals to enter into the cellar.

Who were the two criminals?

The two criminals were none other than Mr. Vincent Spaulding alias Clay and Mr. Duncan Ross.

Why did Holmes become suspicious?

Mr. Holmes became suspicious when he heard that Mr. Spaulding, Mr. Wilson’s assistant worked for only half the wages.

How did Holmes find out that the assistant was a criminal?

Mr. Holmes used Mr. Wilson’s description of his assistant, made further enquiries and found out that Mr. Spaulding was none other than Clay, a criminal.

How did Mr. Holmes guess that Mr. Spaulding was digging a tunnel

Mr. Holmes suspected that Mr. Spaulding was digging a tunnel because when Mr. Spaulding Clay. answered the doorbell, the knees of his trousers were wrinkled and stained and this confirmed his suspicion.

Why did Wilson like his assistant Spaulding?

Wilson liked his assistant Spaulding as he was smart, efficient and worked for only half the normal wages.

Why was Fleet Street full of red-headed people?

There was an advertisement in the newspaper calling red-headed people in person to apply for a job at the office of the league. As the office was on Fleet Street, it was full of red-headed people.

What did Mr. Wilson think looking at the crowd?

Seeing the crowd of red-headed people on the street, Mr. Wilson lost all hope of getting the job. Hence he wanted to go back.

What happened when Mr. Duncan Ross saw Mr. Wilson?

Mr. Duncan was very pleased to see Mr. Wilson and announced immediately that he was well situated for the job. He sent back all the other candidates.

Why did Mr. Wilson accept the job?

Mr. Wilson accepted the job because the pay was not only very good but also Spaulding assured Mr. Wilson that he would look after Mr. Wilson’s business in his absence.

Make 4 words of minimum 4 letters from the given words.

1. advertisement
2. representative
1. adverse, verse, meant, said
2. present, pretest, native, resent

Give nouns form.




There was nothing in the office but a couple of chairs and a table. Remove negative.

There were only a couple of chairs and a table in the office.

Personal Response:

Who do you think is smarter – Mr. Wilson or his assistant?

I think Mr. Wilson’s assistant, Spaulding was smarter. It was he who showed the advertisement to Mr. Wilson and urged and encouraged him to apply for the job. Seeing the large number of people trying to get the job, Mr. Wilson wanted to go back but spaulding pushed through the crowed and took him inside the office and saw to it that he got the job.

Would you like to do such a job?

I would not like to do such a meaningless mundane and uninteresting job. Jobs should be interesting, challenging and provide scope for further learning and application of different skills which is totally absent in the job taken up by Mr. Wilson.

Why would anyone want to copy an encyclopedia?

No one in their right sense would copy an encyclopedia/ However, for reference in some study, students as well as teachers could copy down specific matter they need. In the same very, someone who is challenging some matter given or want to upgrade it can copy relevant portion of an encyclopedia.

What would we do today, if we needed copies of text from a big book?

Today, one would just take a photocopy xerox. of the required material.

What is the difference between a dictionary and an encyclopedia?

An encyclopedia is a set of books with a collection of information about various topics and subjects while a dictionary contains meanings of different words. Both are arranged in alphabetical order.

Suggest a few words that may appear under ‘A’ after ‘Archery’ in an encyclopedia.
Words that may appear under ‘A’ after ‘Archery’ in an encyclopedia could be as follows: architect, aromatics, asparagus, assassinator, astrobiologist, astrophysical, etc.

Complete the following.

And then suddenly the whole ……………
The rooms had been rented ……………
Holmes found Mr. Wilson’s story ……………
Small, stout, with ……………


business came to an end.
under a false name
very unusual
no hair on his face

Why was Mr. Wilson shocked?

Mr. Wilson has been working for eight weeks and as usual when he reached the office at ten o’ clock, he found the door shut and locked. He found a little note nailed on, it which said that the Red-headed league was dissolved. This shocked him.

What did Mr. Wilson do next?

Mr. Wilson enquired at the nearly offices, but no one knew anything about the league.

Why did Mr. Wilson go to Mr. Holmes?

Mr. Wilson felt cheated when he suddenly lost his job with a good pay. He was curious to find out about the league and why they played a prank upon him. He had also heard about the ability of Mr. Holmes to solve mysteries.

How did Mr. Wilson describe his assistant?

Mr. Wilson described his assistant as small, stout, with no hair an his face and had a white splash of acid on his forehead.

What kind of a man was Mr. Wilson?

Mr. Wilson was a simpleton. He could be easily taken for a ride. He was hardworking and diligent.

Give one word for the following.

sincerely and tirelessly
A playful trick that causes no harm
Something which cannot be explained
happening quickly and unexpectedly
Solidly built



Frame a sentence of your own with ‘diligently’.

We must always work diligently.

On Saturday I got my salary. (Identify the subject and predicate)

Predicate – got my salary on Saturday

I had written Abbots, Archery etc. (Begin with ‘Abbots…’)

Abbots, Archery etc. had been written by me.

He did not come at all. Add a question tag.

He did not come at all, did he?

Mr. Wilson wrote diligently for four hours. (Identify the part of speech of the underlined words)

diligently – adverb
four – adjective

He locked the door of the office. (End with ‘……. the office’)

Didn’t he lock the door of the office?

Personal Response.

What would you advice Mr. Wilson to do in the given situation?

I feel Mr. Wilson made the right decision to take the help of Mr. Holmes about whom he had heard a lot.

Complete the following.

Mr. Holmes asked ……………
The offices and banks will be ……………
We followed him down a ……………
We are in the cellar of the city branch of ……………


the way to the Strand
closed for the weekend
narrow passage
one of the main banks of London

Tell the name of the young man who opened the door to Mr. Holmes.

The young man who opened the door to Mr. Holmes was his assistant Mr. Vincent Spaulding.

What announcement did Mr. Holmes make?

Mr. Holmes announced that they were going to hunt one of the smartest criminals in London.

Provide suitable adjective to the nouns given below.



long weekend
successful banker
busy road
interesting passage

We went to the square were Mr. Wilson had his shop. (Change into future tense.)

We will go to the square where Mr. Wilson has his shop.

We followed him down a narrow passage. (Rewrite the sentence beginning…. He was followed….)

He was followed by us down a narrow passage.

Why did the criminals take interest in the cellar?

Mr. Merryweather’s banks had borrowed a huge quantity of gold from the Bank of France and the boxes in the cellar were full of gold. Hence the criminals were interested in the cellar.

Was Clay successful in using his revolver? Why?

No, Clay was not successful in using his revolver because Mr. Holmes at once hit him on his wrist and the revolver fell on the floor.

Who came out of the square hole?

Mr. Spaulding and Mr. Ross came out of the square hole.

A boyish face emerged. (Pick out the adjective)


He had a companion with him. (Add a question tag)

He had a companion with him, didn’t he?

Who tried to get away? Do you think he was able to escape? Why?

Mr. Duncan Ross tried to get away. But, he was not successful in escaping because there were three men waiting for him at the other end.

Say if the statements are true or false.

Dr. Watson foiled one of the cunning attempts at bank robbery.
Using the tunnel they entered the bank.
The assistant working for half the wages made Mr. Holmes suspicious.


False. It was’t Dr. Watson, if was Holmes,

Why did Mr. Merryweather thank Mr. Holmes?

Mr. Merryweather thanked Mr. Holmes as he had foiled one of the most cunning attempts at banks robbery.

What was strange about the advertisement?

The advertisement and the peculiar job was purly to get Mr. Wilson away from his shop for some hours every day.

Why did clay and his companion dig the underground tunnel?

Clay and his companion dug the underground tunnel to enter the bank and steal the gold without breaking open the doors of the bank.

What confirmed Mr. Holmes’ suspicion?

When clay answered the bell, the knees of his trousers were wrinkled and stained, this confirmed his suspicion that he was digging.

“You reasoned it out beautifully!” Express it differently.

You solved the puzzle very logically.
You connected the dots beautifully.

Averbs forms of.




Pick four adjectives from the passage.

cunning, cleaver, suspicious, beautifully

Explain the trick of the ‘Red-headed League’. How was it related to Mr. Wilson’s hair?

The ‘Red-headed League’ was a clever idea of Mr. Spaulding and Mr. Ross, to keep away Mr. Wilson from his own home for some time during the day so that they could dig a tunnel from Mr. Wilson’s house to the bank in the hope of stealing the gold from the bank without breaking open the doors of the bank. The ‘Red-headed League’ was no way connected to Mr. Wilson’s hair. It was just a way to get Mr. Wilson to apply for the job.

Complete the exercise by filling in with the right modals.

You …………… be late again, (mustn’t / needn’t)
You …………… do it now; you can finish it later. (mustn’t / needn’t)
I think you ……………….. see a doctor, (should / can)
…………… you help me? (May / Will)
Students ……………… arrive to class on time, (can / must)
I ……………. eat or I’ll faint, (ought to / would)


ought to

The ……………. (fare/fair) in the village was breathtaking. Fill in with the correct homophone.
Mohan won a ……………. (meddle / medal) in the swimming competition. Fill in with the correct homophone.
When it …………….(rains/reins), it pours. Fill with the correct word.
We were early but they were ……………. (Fill in with the antonym of the underlined word)
I (heard / herd) that the assistant worked for half the wages. (Cross out the wrong word)
They planned to steal the gold. (Frame a ‘Wh’ question so as to get the underlined words as the answer)



What do you have to do when you are told to ‘apply in person’ ?

i. Before applying for a job in person, it’s necessary to check out who is hiring.
ii. Take time to research the employers before applying for jobs in person.
iii. You have to know what you need to take when you go there.
iv. The information youll need to complete a job application.
v. How to prepare for, on the spot interview.
vi. These points will guide you to provide all the information you need to apply in person, make a good impression and successfully get hired.

Find samples of ‘classified ads’ from an English newspaper. Where will the advertisement given here be seen in the classifieds?

Samples of classified ads from The Times of India:

The advertisement given in the story will be seen in ‘Situations Vacant’ or ‘Part Time Jobs’.

Find out how photographs were developed in those days.
Louis Daguerre was the inventor of the first practical process of photography.
Steps followed:

  1. Fix the image on a sheet of silver plate.
  2. Polish silver plate and coat it in iodine.
  3. Put plate in camera and expose it for a few minutes.
  4. Once image is painted by light, the plate is put into a solution of silver chloride.
  5. This process will create an image that would last a long time and will not get exposed to light.
  6. Students should find out more methods of photography.

The Red-Headed League Summary in English

This story is filled with mystery and suspense which keeps the reader wanting to know more. It is about a pawn-broker named Mr. Wilson, who goes to Sherlock Holmes and Watson and tells them about a strange business with a red-haired man. He tells them how his assistant encouraged him to apply for the job which he got. He worked for eight weeks. Suddenly the office closed without any notice. Holmes’ detective mind finds something fishy about the happenings as narrated by Mr. Wilson. The story ends with Mr. Wilson’s assistant Mr. Spaulding being a criminal, and he along with his friend Mr. Ross had planned to rob gold from a bank, through an underground tunnel dug out from Wilson’s house to the bank. However, Sherlock Holmes foiled their plan and put them behind barsThe lesson The Red-Headed League’ is one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes’ short stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. It involves mystery and suspense.

4.4 Home Sweet Home 

Textbook Questions and Answers

Write in your own words.

How does the poet glorify his home in the first stanza?

The poet glorifies his home in the first stanza by saying that we may roam places and stay in palaces but like magic we will get drawn to our home however modest it may be because there
is no place in the world better than our own home.

How does the poet describe his home in the second stanza?

The poet in the second stanza there is says that all the wonders in the world nothing as compared to his modest home. It is in his humble dwelling that he gets peace of mind which is more precious than anything in the world.

What makes the poet remember his mother?

The poet spends long periods of time away from home and while gazing at the moon in a faraway place he remembers his mother who must be looking at the moon from their home and remembering her child.

What does the poet miss?

The poet misses his loving father’s smile and the soothing caress of his loving mother.

What does the poet hope for?

The poet hopes to return to the warmth and comfort of his humble home and remain there forever.

In which professions is a person forced to stay away from his home/homeland for a long time? Try to guess why the poet is forced to stay away from his home.

A person is forced to stay away from his home/ homeland for a long time if he is an artist – could be an actor, a writer, a model, a businessman, an interpreter, a trader, a dancer, a singer, etc. A poet needs to be constantly on the move so that he gets inspired to write and create poetry. I think this is the reason the poet is forced to stay away from home.

2. Write out a few things that you would really miss about your home if you were to stay away from it for long.

I would miss my family members in the first place.
I would miss my friends.
I would miss the food made at home by my mother.
I would miss the love and care I get from my parents and relatives.
I would miss the smell of my home, my bed.

State Whether the statements are True or False

1. Though we may roam around palaces, but there is no place like home.
2. The birds sings dolefully and does not respond to the poet’s call


Pick out the rhyming words from the extract.

roam-home, there-elsewhere, rain-again, call-all.

Mid pleasures and palaces though we may roam.

Alliteration – The sound of ‘p’ is repeated for better poetic effect.

To thee I’ll return, overburdened with care. (Explain the line)

The poet says that he’ll return home with a lot of worries.

Pick out the rhyming words from the extract.

smile – beguile
roam – home
care – there

Write the rhyme scheme for the first four lines of the extract.

The rhyme scheme is aabb.

How sweet ’tis to sit ‘neath a fond Father’s smile.

Alliteration – The sound of’ s’ and’ f’ is repeated for better poetic effect.

But give me, oh, give me, the pleasures of home.

Repetition – The words ‘give me’ have been repeated for better poetic effect.

No more from that cottage again will I roam.

Inversion – The words are not in order for better poetic effect. The right order is, ‘No more will I roam again from that cottage’.

Be a poet. Try and write a poem on ‘My Home’.

My Home

I have a cosy little home,
Made of cement, bricks and dome.
It is coloured beautifully,
With everything arranged wonderfully.
We are a family of five,
When together we come alive.
A place where I can rest.
My home, it is the best.

Home Sweet Home Summary in English

The poet John Howard Payne through his poem conveys the message that ‘Home Sweet Home’ assurs us that there is no place better than home. It is a poem that reaches into the heart. He says that home is a place where we experience independence, safety, privacy and where we can dispense hospitality. The poet says that wherever we might roam or live, there is no comfort like home however big or small it is, because a home is where our family is.The poem ‘Home Sweet Home’ was written by John Howard Payne, an American actor, poet, playright and author. ‘Home Sweet Home’ is a song adapted from Payne’s opera ‘Clari, the Maid of Milan’.

 4.5 Seeing Eyes Helping Hands 

Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Study the following format of an informal letter carefully.

Using the format, (a) Write an informal letter to your friend who has gone to another town for a month. (b) Write a personal letter of thank to an elder person.
Maharashtra Board Class 7 English Solutions Chapter 4.5 Seeing Eyes Helping Hands
a. Mogra Villa,
B -116,
Linking Road,
Mumbai – 54.
20th June, 2019.

Dear granny,

How are you? I hope you are taking care of your health. I am sure grandpa too is doing good.

Thank you for the wonderful present you have sent me on my birthday! It was really overwhelming to be remembered and I felt so specially when I received my favourite ‘Harry Potter’ book series.

I enjoyed reading the first book and I am sharing it with my friends too. I am sure to improve my reading skills after reading these books. I will remember you everytime I look at the books or read them.

Thank you granny, I really appreciate your thought and love. Hoping to see you soon. Bye and take care.

Give my love to grandpa.
Your loving granddaughter,

b. 73, Minar Road,
Bandra (West),
Mumbai – 50.
21st June, 2019.

Dear Rohini,

How are you? I am sure you are doing good. How is the weather in Pune? You told me that you had to go to Pune for a month because you were selected for the women’s cricket coaching.

I know you have never been to Pune before. Are you excited? Where are you staying? How is the coaching going on? I wish I too was selected. We could have had fun together. How are the other girls who have come for the same? I know that they have come from different places from Maharashtra. Have you made any new friends? I know your nature will be liked by all and you are going to do your best. I am already missing you. Counting the days and waiting for the month to come to an end quickly.

I know you are busy with your new opportunities. Wish you all the luck. Take care and remain healthy.

Your loving friend,

2. Form a group of four to six. As a group activity, write a conversation In which a person/a group of persons thanks, someone.

Mona: Wow! What a pleasant surprise!
Tina: Mona, I have come to thank you for picking up my child from school.
Mona: You didn’t need to do that. Anyway I was picking up my child too.
Tina: I was unable to pick her on time. Knowing I could rely on You made me breathe a huge sigh of relief.
Mona: You could have called me. Why did you take the trouble of coming home all the way?
Tina: No It was not a trouble for me. I wanted to thank you personally. I do appreciate your willingness to help. Thank you once again for the timely help at such a short notice.
Mona: Thank you for appreciating. You can count on me anytime. I know you have a very busy schedule. Don’t worry, 111 always be there when you need me.
Tina: I won’t make it a habit but thank you once again for being such a wonderful person.
Mona: It will be my pleasure to be of any help possible and thank you for the kind words

Formal letter (A letter of thanks).

Write a letter of thanks to the owner of a shop.

Mogra Villa,
B -116,
Linking Road,
Mumbai – 54.
3rd July, 2017.

Mr. Singh,
Shop No. – 25 Vile Parle (E),
Mumbai – 57.
Mr Singh,

I would like to convey my thanks to you and your team of salesmen. They have done a wonderful job.

My mother who is quite elderly and has difficulty in hearing, had visited your store. She was overwhelmed by the helpful treatment. She praised your team and you too, who have made them so. If everyone could be as pleasant and helpful, our world would be a better and much happier place.

I thank you from the bottom of my heart and please convey my appreciation and thanks to your team as well.

With warm regards.
Thanking you,
Yours sincerely,

Seeing Eyes Helping Hands Summary in English

This chapter teaches us how to write a letter whether informal or formal. An informal letter is written in a friendly manner to your family, friends and near and dear ones. A formal letter is a professional way of communicating for official purpose. It can be in the way of appreciation, complaint or application.
A letter of thanks can be formal or informal.
This chapter ‘Seeing Eyes Helping Hands’ introduces us to a couple of writing skills in the form of letter writing and dialogue writing.

 4.6 Papa Panov’s Special Christmas

 Textbook Questions and Answers

Write the homophones (words which sound the same. of the following words in the story.

no: ……………………….
dear: ……………………….
here: ……………………….
went: ……………………….
pair: ……………………….
knew: ……………………….
through: ……………………….
soul: ……………………….
whole: ……………………….


pear, pare

Examples for homophones along with the prior:

read – red
see – sea
eves – ice
air – heir
meet – meat
grown – groan
would – wood
great – grate

Correct the following sentences and rewrite them.

The best shoes that Papa Panov had made were a pair of lady’s shoes.
The best shoes that Papa Panov had made were a pair of tiny leather shoes.

Papa Panov gave hot soup to the sweeper, milk to the young mother and coffee to the beggars.

Papa Panov gave hot coffee to the sweeper, milk to the baby and hot soup to the beggars.

By afternoon, Papa Panov had stopped looking out for Jesus.

By the time dusk had fallen, Papa Panov had stopped looking out for Jesus.

Papa Panov saw the sweeper, the young mother and the beggars he had helped only once in the morning.

Papa Panov saw the sweeper, the young mother and the beggars twice, once during the day and once at night.

Jesus, had actually visited Papa Panov only once on Christmas Eve.

Jesus had visited Papa Panov only once on Christmas Eve and several times on Christmas day.

3. Write a character sketch of Papa Panov in your own words.

Papa Panov was a kind and humble shoe-maker. He lived in a village in Russia. He was a cheerful man,who lived alone. He was widower and his grown up children had left home to seek their fortune. He has loved by his villagers. He was a happy man with laughter wrinkles on his face indicating his happy life.

He was quite old and had weak eyesight which made him wear spectacles. He earned a decent living. we come to know of this because he helped people in distress. He seems to be a god fearing and pious man because he not only dreamnt of God in his dreams but also spoke to him. Thpugh he was lonely he brightened himeself up by helping people when needed.

We can sum these qualities of Papa Panov as being a wonderful human being with a golden heart. He is filled with humaneness, empathy, selflessness and love for mankind making him God’s beloved creature.

4. Write your interpretation of the story.

The story of ‘Papa Panov’ according to me is an interesting story to introduce to children, inculcating in them values of selflessness, empathy, sharing and love for humanity. God resides in those who love their kind, is vividly put forth through this story. This story has inspired me to go out and help those in need.

The smile and blessings I get when I help the needy makes my day and makes me feel blessed. It is rightly said ‘Service to man is service to God’.

5. Information about cold winters in Russia.

6. Do you know of similar stories in your mother tongue or in other languages? Narrate it in short.

7. Which season would you say is the hardest in your locality?

What help would the poor and homeless people need in that season?
The rainy season is the hardest season in my locality. The poor and homeless people are without a roof and have to remain wet and , huddled under some shelter for hours. They do not have proper shelter, clothes, food and drinking water. This is a season which brings in a lot of sicknesses, which if not treated could be fatal. Medical help is also necessary for them in this season which is difficult for them to get.

Answer the following questions.

In the little village what shows that it is Christmas time?

In the little village, although it is afternoon, lights begin to appear in the shops and houses, indicating that it is Christmas time.

Did Papa Panov have a shop away from his home?

No, Papa Panov’s shop was his home.

Did he live alone? Why?

Yes, Papa Panov lived alone because his wife had died and his grown-up children had all left his home.

What tells us that Papa Panov is a kind person?

While reading the Christmas story from the Bible, he read how baby Jesus was born in a cowshed. He wished that Mary and Joseph had come to his home where he would have given them his bed and covered baby Jesus with his quilt to keep him warm. This feeling which comes up in Papa Panov’s mind shows us that he was a kind person.

What do the ‘laughter wrinkles’ tell us?

The ‘laughter wrinkles’ tell us that Papa Panov is quite old. It also tells us about the number of happy times he had with family and friends.

Why is the small box dusty?

The small box with a pair of tiny leather shoes was dusty because it was kept high up on the shelf and had not been touched or moved for years.

What thoughts did Papa Panov have before he fell asleep? Were they related to his dream?

Papa Panov while reading the story of Christmas day from the Bible felt sad for Mary, Joseph and baby Jesus and thought if they were in his home he would have been of help to them. When he read about the splendid gifts given to baby Jesus by the wise men, the thought that he had nothing to give made him unhappy. The thought that he could give as gift the pair of tiny leather shoes which he had made years ago made him happy again. No, they were not related to his dream.

Did Papa Panov believe in his dream? In what forms did he imagine Jesus to visit him?

Yes, Papa Panov believed in his dream. He imagined Jesus visiting him in the form of a little baby or a grown up man or a carpenter or as God’s son.

How does the author show that Papa Panov was disappointed?

The winter dusk had fallen. Papa Panov went to the door and strained his eyes but he could not make out the passers by because it had gone very dark and most of them were at home. This made Papa Panov unhappy because it was too late for anyone to come.

What actions of Papa Panov suggest it?

Papa Panov walked slowly back into his room, put up the shutters and sat down wearily indicating his disappointment.

How does the author describe Papa Panov’s happiness?

Papa Panov’s heart was overflowing with happiness and peace which made him want to burst out singing, laughing and dancing with joy, knowing that Jesus had come to his home.

Write whether true or false.

1. The setting of the story is in a Russian city.
2. Papa Panov was sad on Christmas Eve.
1. False
2. True

What could be heard from the closed shutters?

Muffled sounds of chatter and laughter could be heard from closed shutters.

What reminded Papa Panov of his past Christmas times?

The sounds of happiness, the bright lights and the faint but delicious smells of Christmas cooking reminded Papa Panov of his happy past Christmas times.


Write the homophone for:




Old Papa Panov, the village shoemaker, stepped outside. (Separate the subject and predicate.

Old Papa Panov, the village shoemaker – Subject; stepped outside – Predicate

With a sigh, he settled in his big armchair. (Separate the subject and predicate. ‘ <

Subject – He; Predicate – settled/ in his big armchair with a sigh

Excited children scurried indoors. (Name the part of speech of the underlined words.

excited – adjective, scurried – verb, indoors – adverb

It was Christmas Eve. (Add a question tag.

It was Christmas Eve, wasn’t it?

Excited children scurried indoors. (Write whether the verb is transitive or intransitive.

scurried – intransitive

Personal Response.

What do you do on festivals?

I enjoy myself a lot. I celebrate every festival because people from all religions live in my locality. My friends and I visit houses, eat and enjoy. My relatives too come home to celebrate our festivals with us. I love it when my house is full of people.

Complete the following sentences.

The Street was deserted
Papa Panov opened the shop door,
The sweeper old clothes steamed
Papa Panov watched him with satisfaction but,


I no one was stirring yet.
letting in a thin stream of cold air.
gently in the heat of the stove
every now and then his eyes strayed to the window.

Why did Papa Panov give hot coffee to the sweeper?

When Papa Panov took down his shutters and looked out, all he saw was the road sweeper looking miserable and dirty working on Christmas Day, in the raw cold and bitter freezing mist which made him give the sweeper a hot cup of coffee to make him feel better.

Why did he tell the sweeper about his dream? Why did the sweeper smile?

Papa Panov invited the sweeper to drink a cup of hot coffee to keep him warm from the cold. The sweeper noticed that all the time he was in the room, Papa Panov’s eyes strayed to the window now and then. This made the sweeper ask him if he was expecting a visitor which made Papa Panov relate his dream. The sweeper smiled because he was the special visitor, Jesus, Papa Panov was waiting for.

Give adverb form of




Pick out four adjectives from the passage

might, cold, bitter, freezing

Papa Panov opened the door, letting in a thin stream of cold air. (Add a question tag.

Papa Panov opened the door, letting in a thin stream of cold air, didn’t he?

Personal Response.

Have you ever noticed that some people have to work even on festivals? Who are they?

Yes, I have noticed some people having to work on festivals. They are the newspaper man, the sweeper, our maid at home, the milkman, people employed in the public service such as the postman/postwoman, bus and train drivers and conductors, policemen/ women, soldiers protecting our country.

Complete the following sentences.

The young mother let him
Papa Panov remembered the little
The girl smiled happily and
He took the milk from the stove and


Shepherd her indoors and to the comfort of the armchair.
Shoes he had looked at last night.
The baby gurgled with pleasure.
and carefully fed the baby from a spoon, warming her tiny feet.

What does the way the girl walked suggest?

The way the girl walked suggests that she is very hungry, tired and very little energy left in her to move.

“You both need a warm by the fire and a rest”.
They both needed to get the warmth from the fire in the fireplace and also some rest.

The young mother let him shepherd her indoors.
The young mother allowed him to guide her into the house.

Do as directed.

It’s Christmas Day. (Add a Question Tag)

It’s Christmas Day, isn’t it?

Expecting someone? (Kind of sentence)

Interrogative sentence

The girl walked slowly and quietly. (Use ‘not only … but also’)

The girl walked not only slowly but also quietly.

He remembered the little shoes. (Change into negative)

He did not forget the little shoes.

I can’t afford the shoes. (Change into positive)

I am unable to afford the shoes.

A great peace and happiness filled the room. (Change into exclamatory)

What peace and happiness filled the room!

Personal Response.

Why did Papa Panov give the shoes to the baby though he had been keeping them for Jesus?

Papa Panov noticed that the young girl with a baby was weary and hungry. He invited her to his home. He noticed that the baby’s feet were bare and the mother could not afford shohes for her child. He decided to give the little shoes he had kept for jesus, to the little baby because he was a very kind-hearted person and could not see them in difficulty.

Papa Panov’s Special Christmas Summary in English

Papa Panov is an elderly cobbler who lives all by himself in a small Russian village. It was Christmas Eve, and there was excitement everywhere. His wife had passed away and his children were all grown up and gone. Alone on Christmas Eve in his shop, Papa Panov decides to open the old family Bible and reads the Christmas story about the birth of Christ. That night he dreams about Jesus coming to him saying that he would visit Papa Panov in person the next day.Papa Panov was very happy, waited anxiously to meet Jesus on Christmas Day. It was early in the morning and no one in sight. He saw a lone sweeper and invited him for a hot cup of coffee. In this way he helped the needy on Christmas day, all of them blessed him for his love and care. The day wore off but Jesus did not come to meet him. Feeling sad, he sat down in his armchair. He felt that he was not alone. He saw all the people who had come to him that day and as they passed each whispered, ‘Didn’t you see me, Papa Panov?’ Then he understood that Jesus had come to him in the form of the needy people he had helped. He was at peace and his heart danced with joy.


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