Maharashtra board 6th std English Balbharati solutions Unit 4 2021

 Maharashtra board 6th std English Balbharati solutions

Unit 4



4.1 Sleep, My Treasure

1. Answer the following questions.

> Who is the speaker in the poem?

The mother is the speaker in the poem. 

> Whom is the poem being addressed to?

The poem is addressed to the child/baby. 

> What time is being described in the poem?

Nighttime is being described in the poem. 

> Name the white and bright things mentioned in the poem.

Lilies and daisies are the white and bright things mentioned in the poem. 

2. Guess the meaning of the following from the context.

> The garden still is alight with.

The garden which has now become still (motionless) because the birds have gone into their nests is brightly lit up due to the presence of the showy lilies.

> Dawn wakes the starling.

As soon as it is dawn, the starling, a commonly found black bird wakes up. This is due to the darkness that has disappeared because of dawn or daybreak.

> The meadow is wrapped in shadow.

The meadow, where there is plenty of grass appears dark because the sun has set and there is only the shadow of the night falling on it. 

3. Which is your favorite time of the day? Describe it in detail. 

I like the morning time of the day as I feel fresh at daybreak. This feeling of freshness is due to the morning rays of the sun that bring hope in my life. I also look forward to the whole day’s activities, playtime and fun. (Answer may vary). 

4. Vist a library. Find and read stories and poems by Edith Hesbit.

5 write what may happen...

1. I may study …………….

 As I have to go out during the weekend and then I may not have enough time to complete my studies. I have decided to be hardworking and sincere so that I may excel in my studies and achieve satisfaction.

 2. A bird may fly into the classroom ………….

 It may possibly get hurt due to the presence of the fan. It may have to be taken care of. It is better that I try to see to it that it does not enter the classroom so that it does not get wounded.

3. The Principal may call me …………..

The Principal may call me as I had expressed my wish to stand for the post of Commander in the school elections. I may be given an opportunity to compete with my friends. I may select the Lion as my logo. I feel I may be elected as Commander or Vice-commander.

4. It may rain ………………..

It may rain as the sky appears very cloudy right now. It may pour heavily and we are eagerly looking forward to it because only then we will have enough water supply to last for the whole year. The water supply may help the farmer tremendously in cultivating the crops to be supplied to the country’s population. 

5. Dog may chase a cat.

A dog may chase a cat as it is the way of nature. The cat has been hiding behind the car, running around looking for rats. The dog has been on the lookout for the cat which was the cutest and the tiniest of the lot.

 6. A king ……………. kingdom

 A king may lose his kingdom. If he does not do justice, his subjects may lose faith in him. They may not love or respect him and even may not want him as their ruler anymore. The king must try to regain the trust of his subjects by being just and noble.

7. My friend …………….. read

My friend may give a storybook to read. He mentioned that the book was very interesting and had a captivating story. The characters in the book were unforgettable and described beautifully. The story is set in a mountainside village with a description of natural scenery. Hence, I feel that I may get that book to read during this weekend.

8. Mother may make idlis today.

Mother may make idlis today as we are going to have all my cousins at home for dinner. My mom is a very good cook. She prepares very tasty chutney and sambhar too. She has bought the ingredients like coconut and coriander, etc. So, I have strong feeling that she may make idlis tonight. 

b. What is not likely to happen or will never happen? 

1. It won’t …………… classroom.

 It won’t rain in the classroom even though it is on the top floor because we have a concrete ceiling over our heads. It is pouring cats and dogs outside. I have a strong temptation to go out of my classroom and get wet in the rain and dance and enjoy because it is absolutely very clear that however hard we try, it will never rain in the classroom.

 2. I won’t ever …………… dinosaur

 I won’t ever see a dinosaur even if I dream of seeing it. This is a sad fact and a reality too because the dinosaurs have been clearly wiped away from the surface of the earth and not a single one is alive today as they could not adapt themselves to the changing environment. So, it is very sad to accept that I won’t ever see a live dinosaur.

 3. The sun …………….. east.

 The sun will never set in the east. Every phenomenon follows the law of nature and as per the law of nature that the sun always rises in the east and sets in the west. This is due to rotation of the earth – and not the revolution of the sun. If these natural phenomena followed other schedules, things on earth would be very difficult and may go haywire. 

c. Imagine yourself to be in a particular environment. Write your own ideas. 

He says, “Come on, Monu” ………. Monu tries to strike a balance but is tilting the cycle to one side and falls down. He is only slightly hurt because of his uncle’s presence. His uncle holds him while falling. So, he has only a few bruises. Once again, he is trying hard to balance with a strong determination. Monu does manage to ride the bicycle without falling, but oh only a short distance is covered and Monu is back to square one.. .i.e., the same position as earlier.

Answer the following questions.

What had made the birds tired?

The long day’s fun and pleasure has made the birds feel 

Where are the birds heading to, at the end of their long day?

At the end of the long tiring day, the birds are heading to their nests. 

What is the garden still alight with?

The garden is still alight with freshly bloomed; merry and live lilies. 

What are the daisies in the garden doing?

The daisies in the garden are fast asleep. 

Reading Skills and Poetic Device. 

What does dawn do?

Dawn (early morning) wakes the starling, a commonly seen black bird. 

What does the sparrow do at daybreak?

The sparrow starts moving slightly at the break of day to indicate that he has woken from his sleep. 

What has happened to the meadows?

The meadow is totally wrapped (covered) in the shadow of the night. 

Till what time is the mother telling the child to remain asleep?

The mother is telling the child to remain asleep till the daisies awaken themselves at dawn. 

Pick out the rhyming words from the poem. 

1st stanza: treasure – pleasure; creep – asleep; is – lilies

2nd stanza: darling – starling; break – wake; meadow – shadow 

Add a rhyming word of your own to each of the pairs given above.

e.g.: treasure – pleasure – measure

Sleep, My Treasure Summary in English 

The mother in the poem is putting her baby to sleep. The mother is addressing the baby as her ‘treasure’. She says that the birds are very tired due to the long day’s pleasure of doing a lot of work. Hence, they move slowly and quietly to their nests. Since all the birds have gone to their nests, the garden is still and no movement is seen anywhere, yet it is brightly lit up and appears lively due to the showy lily flowers. In contrast, all the daisies that had earlier bloomed in the garden are fast asleep.

As the mother is telling the baby to go to sleep, she also mentions that dawn wakes up the black birds. The sparrow starts moving and stirs itself when he sees dawn, but the whole meadow is covered in the shadow of the night. The baby too must sleep till it is daybreak and till the time the daisies wake up.

 4.2 The Story of Gautama’s Quest

 Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Complete the following sentences with reference to the passage.

Gautama, the Buddha, was born over two thousand five hundred years ago, as ……………… .

Gautama, the Buddha, was born over two thousand five hundred years ago, as Prince Siddharth.

The king was determined to prevent his beloved son from ………….. .

The king was determined to prevent his beloved son from renouncing the world.

For six years did Gautama practise …………….. .

To this day, we venerate this tree as the Bodhi Tree.

He realised that making the body suffer was not ………….. .

d. Siddharth renounced worldly life in quest of the Truth of life

To this day, we venerate this tree as …………… 

Gautama found out the cause of sorrow is desire. The cure of sorrow is to give up all desires and adopt Right – Living.

2. Write short notes on the following.

Prince Siddharth’s protected life.

When Siddharth was born, it was prophesied that the infant would either grow to be a great Emperor or a renunciate who would usher comforts to lost souls. King Raja Shuddhodana was determined to prevent his son from renouncing the world. He surrounded the Prince with every imaginable luxury and comfort in the magnificent palaces. Thus, changing palaces depending on the season of the year. Prince Siddharth lived his secluded, protected life in the beautiful atmosphere of the royal mansions.

The four signs that Prince Siddharth beheld.

At the age of twenty-nine, Siddharth went out to see his kingdom and meet his subjects when he beheld what the Buddhist books call the ‘four signs’ – which reflected the impermanence of the world. He saw an old man, a diseased man, a dead man and a monk – and he was exposed to a vision of dukkha the world sorrow. From here began Gautama’s journey in quest of the Truth of Life.

The message in the vision.

The message in the vision was to convey to Buddha that he should not torture his body to starvation in quest of the Truth of Life. It is illustrated by the beautiful example of the sitar. The vision said that the sitar had to be tuned low nor high. If the string of a sitar is overstretched, it will break and lose its ability to make music. Similarly, an overslack string too would not create music. In other words, we should not go to extremes in our efforts to achieve our goals.

Sujata’s offering:

A beautiful girl named Sujata appeared before Gautama as he was trying to get up to take a bath in the river but couldn’t due to weakness. Sujata was carrying a golden bowl filled with sweetened milk and rice. Seeing the weakened ascetic, she offered the bowl of milk and rice at his feet. Buddha accepted her offerings. The first meal after many days of starvation refreshed him and infused a new strength in him. He realized that making the body suffer was not the way to enlightenment and truth.

3. Read aloud a paragraph of your choice from the passage

4. Visit a library: Read stories about Gautama Buddha. Relate one story in the class.

Answer in one or two sentences.

When and where was Gautama Buddha born?

Gautama Buddha was born over two thousand five hundred years ago on the sacred day of Vaishakh Purnima at Lumbini, situated near the city of Kapilavastu.

What was prophesied at the birth of Gautama Buddha?

It was prophesied at the birth of Gautama that the infant would either grow to be a great Chakravarti (an emperor) or a Sannyasi (a renunciate) who would bring comfort to lost souls.

What was the king determined to do?

The king was determined to prevent his beloved son from renouncing the world.

Who was the prince married to? What was the name of his son?

The prince was married to one of the most beautiful girls of the realm – Princess Yashodhara, the daughter of the Koliyan king. Their son’s name was Rahul.

How did the life of Siddharth change at the age of twenty-nine?

At the age of twenty-nine, Siddharth went out to see his kingdom and to meet his subjects. He witnessed what the Buddhist books call the ‘four signs’ – witnesses to the impermanence of the world. This changed Siddharth’s life.

What was the impact of the ‘four signs’ on Siddharth?

Siddharth saw an old man, a diseased man, a dead man and a monk and these witnesses to the impermanence of the world moved him, and there entered into his heart a vision of dukkha, the world – sorrow.

Why did Buddha renounce worldly life?

To find the answer to the unanswerable question, “What is the way out of the world – sorrow?” He renounced worldly life and set out in quest of the Truth of Life.

What answer did Gautam Buddha get to his query: “What is the cause of sorrow”?

The cause of sorrow is desire and the cure for sorrow is to give up all desires and adopt Right Living. This was the answer Gautama found to his query.

Why do we venerate the Bodhi Tree?

Born under a tree/ as Buddha received illumination under a tree and so to this day we venerate this tree as the Bodhi Tree

Read the following extract and complete the activities.

For six years, did Gautama practise intense asceticism.

He realised that making the body suffer was not the way to enlightenment and truth.

What does the passage highlight?

The passage highlights the intensity with which Gautama practised ascetism in his quest of the truth of life. It also talks about its impact on him and the willpower he displayed.

When did Gautama realise that making the body suffer was not the way to enlightenment and truth?

When Buddha accepted Sujata’s offering of milk and rice, it refreshed him and infused a new strength in him. He then realized that making the body suffer was not the way to enlightenment and truth.

Pick out proof from the extract: Gautama in his quest for truth had become extremely weak.

His strong, athletic body was reduced to a bag of bones.

Explain the lines: ‘Tune the sitar neither low nor high. The string overstretched breaks/

The above lines convey the message that we should not go to any extreme ends in whatever we attempt. We should always take a middle path, i.e. neither going overboard nor remaining too indifferent.

‘I shall not give up until I attain to enlightenment’. What does this line tell us about Buddha?

The above line tells us that Gautama Buddha was very determined. It reflects his immense willpower as he set out in quest of the truth of life.

Buddha accepted her offerings. (Add a question tag)

Buddha accepted her offerings, didn’t he?

The cause of sorrow is desire. (State the word class of the underlined words and state its kind)

sorrow, desire – Abstract nouns

Why is willpower essential to succeed in life?

If we are determined and if we persist and never give up, we will definitely emerge as a winner.

Language Study.

He was born on the sacred day of Purnima at Lumbini, situated near the city of Kapilavastu. (State the word class of the underlined words) .

Nouns

The king was determined to prevent his beloved son from renouncing the world. (Form Wh-question to get the underlined part as the answer)

What was the king determined to do?

He saw an old man, a diseased man, a dead man and a monk. (Pick out the describing words)

Describing words: old, diseased, dead

For six years did Gautama practise intense asceticism. (Pick out the action word)

practise – action word

I shall not give up until I attain enlightenment. (State the word class of the underlined word)

until – Conjunction

When she saw the weakened ascetic, she offered the bowl at his feet. (Pick out the Preposition)

at – preposition

Buddha accepted her offering. (Rewrite the sentence starting with: Her offering)

Her offering was accepted by Buddha.

It refreshed him and infused a new strength in him. (Use not only …. but also)

It not only refreshed him but also infused a new strength in him.

Gautama had longed for enlightenment. (Pick out the verb and state its tense)

had longed – Past perfect tense

The cause of sorrow is desire. (Separate the subject and predicate)

The cause of sorrow: Subject 

is desire: Predicate

Word building.

Noun Adjective Verb

prevention preventive prevent

imagination imaginable imagine

beauty beautiful beautify

illumination illuminated illuminate

strength strong strengthen

Make sentences using the following phrases.

to prevent: We should do all we can to prevent the growth of social stigma.

to renounce: He renounced all  worldly pleasures and left in search of truth.

to witness: I witnessed a very serious accident.

to attain: We should try to attain excellence in all we set out to do.

to serve no purpose: Arguments serve no purpose and so we should avoid it.

to achieve: We should achieve great heights through hard work and persistent efforts.

to torture: We should never show cruelty towards animals or torture them in any way.

to infuse a new strength: His words infused a new strength in my goal of life.

to venerate: We venerate forces of nature as they are our providers.

Student’s Activity.

Write a paragraph on:

Qualities essential for Success

Write an essay of about 100 words on

Willpower – Essential for Success

The Story of Gautama’s Quest Summary in English

The lesson ‘The Story of Gautama’s Quest’ narrates his journey from his birth two thousand five hundred years ago till the time he attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree. Son of King Shuddhodana, Gautama would either be a great emperor or a renunciate who would bring comforts to many – thousands of lost souls – this was what was prophesied at his birth.


Despite the best efforts of the king, eventually the prophecy came true when Gautama witnessed the four signs – witnesses to the impermanence of the world. He renounced the comforts of the palace, the worldly life. He left his wife Yashodhara and son Rahul, and set out on a journey – A journey in quest of the Truth of Life.


The lesson goes on to narrate the severe hardships which Gautama underwent for six years. He displayed immense will-power. He hardly ate a grain of rice but refused to give up until he attained enlightenment. Along the way, Gautama saw a vision. It changed his approach. He then decided to follow the middle path and stopped torturing his body to starvation.

As he accepted the offering of milk and rice from Sujata, he felt refreshed and infused with strength. He realised that making the body suffer was not the way to enlightenment and truth.Gautama’s long wait, the quest for truth, ended when that night he found answer to his question. The cause of sorrow was desire, the urge to possess. The cure for the same was to give up all desires and adopt right living. A circle was complete. Born under a tree, the Buddha received illumination also under a tree – A tree venerated even today.


 4.3 Mr Nobody 

Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Read the poem aloud.

2. Which of the above pronouns do you use when you talk about yourself?

I, my, me, us, our, ours

Suppose you are telling someone about the good/bad things they have done. What pronouns are you likely to use?

you, your, yours

Suppose you are complaining about one or more persons, things to your teacher/mother. What pronouns will you use?

he, she, they, him, her, them, his, here, their’s.

3. Write all the instances of the mischief done by Mr Nobody.

Mr Nobody breaks plates by causing cracks in them.

He tears books.

He leaves the door ajar.

He pulls the buttons from our shirts.

He scatters the pins afar.

He does not oil the door and leaves it squeaking.

He leaves finger marks upon the door, as he does not keep his hands clean.

He spills the ink.

He leaves the boots lying around here and there, without putting them in place.

4. What characteristics of Mr Nobody do we learn about from this poem?

Mr Nobody seems to be a very mischievous, playful and irresponsible person. He does not handle things with care as he breaks plates. He behaves in a very careless manner by leaving the door ajar. He seems to be very insensitive to others’ problems because he pulls out buttons from shirts and scatters pins.

5. Imagine that there is a Mr Somebody who has to correct all the wrongs that are done by Mr Nobody.

A few more things to the list in the above table, using your own ideas and experience.

Mr Nobody’s Actions Tasks for Mr Somebody

1. The plate is broken/cracked. Mend the plate./Throw it away carefully.

2. The book is torn. Mend the book by either sticking a cello tape or any adhesive that is suitable.

3. The door is ajar. Shut the door properly.

4. The buttons are pulled from the shirt. Tuck the buttons on the shirt.

5. The pins are scattered. Gather all the pins, put them in a container and keep them safely in an appropriate place.

6. The door is still squeaking. Oil the door to prevent it from squeaking.

7.  There are finger marks upon the door. Wipe and clean the finger marks on the door.

8. The ink has spilled over. Clean and wipe the spilled ink.

9. Boots are lying around. Arrange the shoes in pairs and put them on the shoe rack neatly.

10.  Expensive clothes are scattered. Gather the clothes and put them in the laundry basket (to be put for washing).

11.  Dirty plates on the table Pick up the plates and glasses and place them in the sink for washing.

12. Leave the comb without cleaning. Remove the hair from the comb, wipe neatly and keep it in the comb stand 

 6. Write about one occasion each when you have behaved like:

a. Mr Nobody: I took out the thermometer for checking my temperature as I suspected that I was running fever. After checking my body temperature, I kept the thermometer on my bed next to me. My mother who came in to check if I was not keeping too well, sat on it. The thermometer not only broke but also hurt her on her palm.


b. Mr Somebody: My dad came home in a hurry from the bank and was leaving for office. In haste, he forgot his mobile. I spotted it as soon as he left. So, I took and went behind him to give it to him so that he would not miss out on any of his urgent business calls.

7. Listen and complete.

Close your books. The teacher will dictate some lines from the poem. She will say the first half and you have to write the entire line/verse.

(a) I know a funny …….. ………. .

As quite as a ………..

Who does the mischief that is done

………… ………… ………..!

(b) There’s no one ever sees his face,

And yet we all ………….

That every plate we break was ………….

By ………… …………

8. Use the following expressions in your own sentences.

We all agree that ……………..

We all agree that we should plant at least one tree each year and nurture it to save our environment.

It is he/she who …………..

It is he/she who helped the blind old lady to cross the road in spite of being in a hurry to reach school.

Don’t you see …………….

Don’t you see that all lot of effort and hard work has to be put in order to succeed?

None of us…

None of us ever thought about such an interesting and brilliant idea.

Give the description of the man – Mr Nobody.

Mr. Nobody is a funny little mischievous man who is as quiet as a mouse.

What does Mr Nobody do?

Mr. Nobody does all the mischief that is done in everybody’s house, without being visible to anyone.

What is the fact that all agree about Mr Nobody?

All of us agree to it that every plate that we break was cracked by Mr Nobody.

What mischief does Mr Nobody do with books and the door?

Mr Nobody always tears out books and leaves the door ajar (slightly open).

What are the things done to our shirts and pins by Mr Nobody?

Mr Nobody pulls the buttons from our shirts and scatters the pins far and wide.

What work do we leave undone, to be done by Mr Nobody?

We leave the work of oiling the door to be done by Mr. Nobody.

Why is oiling required for the door?

Oiling has to be done to the door because it is making the squeaking noise, while opening and closing.

What are the things that we mess up with but blame them as belonging to Mr Nobody? Why?

The finger marks on the door, the unclosed blinds that make the curtains fade, the spilled ink, the boots lying around – all these things belong to us, but to avoid being blamed by the others as being irresponsible.

What do we do to the door and not agree that we have done?

We leave our finger marks upon the door because our hands are not clean. But we do not agree that we have done so.

How do we make the curtains fade?

We never keep the blinds of the windows closed. The sunlight falls on the curtains inside and makes the curtains lose their bright colour. So, the curtains have a faded look.

What happens to the ink and boots sometimes?

We spill the ink and allow the boots to be kept in an unorganized manner. The boots are not kept on the shoe rack.

Mr. Nobody Summary in English

The poet begins by stating that there is a funny little person in every house, who does all the mischief very quietly. No one can see this person’s face because he does not let himself become visible as he does everything wrong. Yet, all of us do agree that every plate that was found cracked (mischief done) was done so by Mr. Nobody.

Mr. Nobody is the one who always damages books by tearing them. He leaves the door slightly open without closing it properly. Mr. Nobody also pulls away the buttons from our shirts making them unfit for wearing. He scatters the pins here and there and afar, and makes them invisible to everyone and dangerous too. We let the squeaking door squeak and do not bother to oil it because we leave the work of oiling to be done by Mr. Nobody. We do not want to take pains to do anything responsibly.

We never leave finger marks upon the door. If at all they are there, they are made by none of us. If the blinds are left unclosed, then the curtains start fading. Even if they remain unclosed, we are never to be blamed as we never leave them unclosed. We never spill the ink for all this is done by Mr. Nobody. The books that are lying around are not ours. They belong to Mr. Nobody.


 4.4  A Mad Tea Party!

Textbook Questions and Answers 

 Read the passage aloud playing the roles of different characters.

 We all follow a class time table made by the school. Imagine for a minute what will happen if there was no time table for your class.

 Write any three of the silly remarks made by the characters other than Alice. Write why you think the remark is silly.

 Three silly remarks made by the characters other than Alice:

 a. I see what I eat – I eat what I see – Hatter

 b. I like what I get – I get what I like – March Hare

 c. I breathe when I sleep -1 sleep when I breathe – Dormouse

 All have a statement and an inverted version of the same. There is no intention of conveying any message. They are spoken for the sake of speaking. However, they sound silly. 

3. Read the following sentences.

 1. I mean what I say. I say what I mean. 

2. I see what I eat. I eat what I see.

 Use your imagination to write a funny sentence on this pattern.

1. I do what I love.

 2. I love what I do. 

 Write what would you like to do if ‘Time’ was your friend.

Time’ was my friend, I would want to do a lot of things. I will want to get back to my childhood days. I would go back in time and keep my grandparents and all my near and dear ones (who are no more now) alive. 

Can you think of a similarity between a raven and a writing desk? Write at least five differences between the two

Five differences between a raven and a writing desk:

a. A raven is a living creature whereas a writing desk is a non-living thing.

b. A raven can fly whereas a writing desk cannot fly.

c. A raven cannot be used for writing purposes but a writing desk can be used for the same purpose.

 d. A raven can lay eggs but a writing desk cannot.

 e. A raven is natural and a writing desk is 

Visit a library: Read Lewis Carroll’s book ‘Alice in Wonderland’.

8. Apart from class/school, where else are you likely to find a time table useful? 

Answer in one sentence.

How were March Hare, the Hatter and the Dormouse seated despite the large size of the table?

Although the table was a large one, all the three of them were crowded together at one corner of the table. 

What did all the three of them say when they saw Alice coming?

When the Dormouse, the Hatter and the March Hare saw Alice coming, they shouted that there was no room (place) on the table to seat 

What was Alice’s response to this comment of no space being available on the table?

On hearing the cry of all the three of them stating that there was no room on the table, Alice replied very angrily that there was PLENTY of room. Saying so, she sat down. 

Ultimately, where did Alice sit down?

Alice sat down in a large arm-chair at one end of the table. 

What did the March Hare tell Alice after she sat down?

The March Hare told Alice to have some wine, in an encouraging tone. 

Did Alice see any wine on the table? If not, what did she find on the table?

Alice did not see any wine on the table. Alice looked all around the table, but she found nothing on it except tea. 

What was Hatter’s first speech to Alice?

Hatter remarked that Alice’s hair wants cutting. 

How did Alice react?

Alice spoke with severity that Hatter should learn not to make personal remarks as it is rude. 

What kind of discussion did the Hatter, the March Hare and the Dormouse have with Alice?

They had silly, senseless and stupid discussion with Alice. 

Reading Skills, Vocabulary and Grammar

Where was the table set out?

The table was set out under a tree in front of the 

Who all were seated at the table?

The March Hare and the Hatter were having tea at the table and a Dormouse was sitting between them. 

Why did Alice think that the Dormouse must be uncomfortable?

The Dormouse was sitting between the March Hare and the Hatter. They both were using the Dormouse as a cushion, resting their elbows on it and talking over its head. So, Alice thought that the dormouse must be uncomfortable. 

Why did the Dormouse not mind the discomfort, according to Alice?

Alice thought that the Dormouse did not mind the discomfort caused by the March Hare and the Hatter only because it was asleep. 

Give the antonyms of:

a. uncomfortable ×  comfortable

b. asleep × sleep

A Dormouse was sitting between them. (Identify the tense)

was sitting – Past continuous 

What does the paragraph remind you?

The paragraph reminds me of a “Garden Tea Party”. 

Language Study. 

There was a table set out under a tree. (Separate the subject and predicate)

a table – subject

was set out under a tree – predicate 

A Dormouse was sitting between them. (Pick out the verb and state its tense)

was sitting (verb) – Past continuous tense 

The table was a large one. (Add a question tag)

The table was a large one, wasn’t it? 

There’s plenty of room! (State the kind of sentence)

Exclamatory sentence 

The other two were using it as a cushion, resting their elbows on it, and talking over its head. (Pick out the conjunction)

and – Conjunction 

She sat down in a large arm-chair at one end of the table. (Pick out the preposition)

in, at, of – prepositions 

Pick out an example of an Imperative sentence from the passage.

‘Have some wine’ – Imperative sentence 

The three were all crowded together at one corner of it. (Pick out the adjective and state its kind)

one – Adjective of number (Definite Numeral Adjective) 

The March Hare and the Hatter were having tea at it. (Pick out the nouns and state their kinds)

March Hare, Hatter – proper nouns tea – common noun 

I suppose it doesn’t mind. (Pick out the pronoun and state its kind)

I – Personal pronoun (first-person pronoun) 

Write the noun form of. 

waste - wastage

silent - silence

know - knowledge

believe - belief

rude - rudeness

civil - civility

Write the adjective forms of. 

severity - severe

curiosity - curious

conversation - conversational

hair - hairy

time - timely

table - tabular

Writing Skills 

Write a book review after reading “Alice in Wonderland”.

‘Alice in Wonderland’ by Lewis Carroll is a nice book of fantasy. All the characters in the book are very interesting, even though they seem too funny to be real. The way Alice deals with all the three characters is also quite impressive. They way Alice experiences adventures after falling into the rabbit hole and travels to places makes for an interesting read. The book holds our attention and keep us imagining the scenes as we also travel along with Alice. Alice’s emotions and expressions also show her emotional side and how she cares and feels for the Dormouse, etc. On the whole, it is a captivating book which entertains us to a limitless extent. 

Student’s Activity 

A Project: Time Tables

Make a time table of your daily routine.

1. On a school day

2. On a holiday, and

3.  During examinations.

4. Start at the time you normally get up and list your acitivities hourly: 7 am to 8 am, and so on.

A mad Tea Party Summary in English

Alice falls into a rabbit hide and happens to attend a tea party with the March Hare, the Mad Hatter and the Dormouse.Alice makes herself comfortable on a large arm-chair at the corner of a large table, though all the three tell her that there was no space to accommodate her. After getting seated, Alice get into arguments with them for various reasons, due to their silly remarks. Ultimately all of them get tired of their own talks and the March Hare suggest that Alice should tell them a story. When Alice refuses, they suggest that the Dormouse who was sleeping should tell. The Dormouse opening his eyes tells that he wasn’t asleep all the while, but was listening to every word that they all were saying.A Mad Tea Party’ is a part of the fantasy novel ‘Alice in Wonderland’ written by Lewis Carroll. This novel is all about a little girl named Alice and all her adventures in a fantasy world. This particular part deals with a tea party attended by her along with the three particular creatures – The March Hare, the Mad Hatter and the Dormouse.


 4.5 If I Can Stop One Heart From Breaking … Textbook Questions and Answers

1. What does the poet want to do?

The poet wants to stop a heart from breaking, i.e., help a person from becoming sad and help a fainting robin back into his nest again.

Does the poet expect anything in return? What is the poet’s reward?

No, the poet does not expect anything in return. The poet believes that through these acts, he can add meaning to his life and therein lies his reward.

List the phrases that indicate sorrow or pain.

a. stop one heart from breaking;

b. ease one life the aching

Form groups of five and discuss. There are many things that seem small, minor or insignificant to some people but the same may be the cause of great pain, suffering for others.

Can you list such things? What can you do to provide help on these occasions? What do we do?

Some people may not give a lot of importance to money while there are others who are dying due to hunger and starvation. They are so poor that they cannot afford their basic needs,

We should help organize food for the poor and the needy. We can request NGOs to help them.

Some people leave the taps open and wastewater while there are thousands who are deprived of drinking water. We should create awareness about the need to save water and ensure that we do all we can to help people overcome water scarcity.

Many people visit restaurants and waste food. They do it at home too, At the same time, there are so many people who sometimes starve to death.

We can request hotels and restaurants to donate a part of whatever they prepare each day to those in need. (Students may add their ideas to the list)

Answer in one sentence.

What is the message conveyed through this poem?

The message conveyed through this poem is that we should do all we can to reduce the pain and suffering of human beings and other creatures of nature

Reading and Poetic Device.

What is the central idea of the poem?

The central idea of the poem is that by showing kindness to man and other creatures of nature like a bird, we will be making our life purposeful and meaningful.

Name two values highlighted in the poem.

The two values highlighted in the poem are compassion and kindness

Explain the lines: ‘If I can ease one life the aching, I shall not live in vain’.

Through the above lines, the poetess is conveying the message that if she can reduce the pain and suffering of anyone in this world, her life will acquire meaning. It will be a purposeful life, well-lived.

Pick out proof to show that the poetess doesn’t want to reserve her care and compassion to human beings alone.

Or help one fainting robin

Unto his nest again,

I shall not live in vain

Complete the following:

If I can stop one heart from breaking

I shall not live in vain.

Pick out two pairs of rhyming words from the poem.

a. breaking – aching;

b. pain – again

Name the rhyme scheme used in the first four lines of the poem.

ababcbb

Pick out an archaic (old usage) word from the poem.

unto

How will you make your life worthwhile?

I believe: ‘It is blessed to give than to receive’. I will make my life worthwhile by caring for my fellow beings. I will also strive towards conservation, preservation and protection of the environment.

Write one word with the same sound.

(a) one – won (b) pain – pane.

Writing Skill

Write an essay on: ‘Service to Humanity is Service to God’

Woodrow Wilson has rightly said, “There is no higher religion than human service.” To work for the common good is the greatest creed.”

Our life acquires meaning only when we commit it towards the service of others. Love, care, compassion, kindness, empathy, sympathy, etc., are some of the vital values which will help us to reach out to those in need or to those in distress. There are several social workers who have committed their life in service of others. Whether it is Mother Teresa, Baba Amte, or Sant Cadge Maharaj, one thing they had in common was the unconditional love they had for their fellow beings.

We can make a world of difference by joining NGOs or participating in our school’s initiatives towards social work. Visiting home for the aged and spending time with the elderly, distributing gifts to the children in orphanages on our birthday, etc., are little acts of kindness which can make a big difference.

Let us remember the words of Mahatma Gandhi: “The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others”. With a heart filled with generosity, with words that are kind and through acts of selflessness, let us build a world where love and happiness reign supreme.

Use your voice for kindness

your care for compassion

your hands for charity

your mind for truth

your heart for love

If I Can Stop One Heart From Breaking … Summary in English

Emily Dickinson in her poem conveys the message that we should do whatever we can to make the life of those around us happier.

Little acts of care, compassion, concern and love can make a world of difference. Paraphrase:

The poet also advises us to be compassionate not only to human beings but also to the animals. We should do all we can to reduce pain and suffering.


4.6 The Phantom Tollbooth

 Textbook Questions and Answers 

Where does the story take place?

The story takes place in San Francisco in the United States. 

Who is the main character in the story?

Milo, a young boy who lived in San Francisco in the States is the main character in the story 

Why is the tollbooth called a ‘Phantom’ Tollbooth?

“Phantom” (A ghost) is a character we read about in comics. No one knows where he comes from. The same is applicable to the tollbooth. Both Phantom and the tollbooth have one thing in common: ‘their mysterious appearance’ and so the name “The Phantom Tollbooth”. 

When was the book written?

The book was written more than 50 years ago. 

Who has written the book?

The book has been written by Norman Juster. 

List the various people and places mentioned in the passage. The places Milo visits and the people he meets have unusual names. Write the meanings of those names. 

Names Meaning
1. Rhyme and ReasonPurpose or explanation (usually used as a phrase: without any rhyme and reason)
2. LethargariansPeople without energy and enthusiasm
3. People he visits: 
NamesMeaning
1. Land of expectationsLand filled with anticipation of things to come
2. Kingdom of wisdomA land which reflected experience, knowledge and judgment.
3. Castles of airAn imaginary fortified building
4. DoldrumsA place in a state

In the novel, the Lethargarians give a whole day’s timetable of their activities. Can you guess what it would be like? Use your own ideas and prepare their timetable.


Time Activities Scheduled
6.15 a.m. – 8.15 a.m.Daydreaming
8.15 a.m. – 9.15 a.m.Taking naps
9.15 a.m. – 10.15 a.m.Dawdle and delay
10.15 a.m. – 11.15 a.m.Bide their time
11.15 a.m. – 1.15 p.m.Linger and loiter
1.15 p.m. – 2.15 p.m.Put off for tomorrow what they could do today
2.15 p.m. – 3.15 p.m.Loaf and lounge
3.15 p.m. – 4.15 p.m.Dillydally
4.15 p.m. – 8.15 p.m.Complain about busy schedule
8.15 p.m. – 10.15 p.m.Complain again that there is almost no time for brooding, lagging plodding or procrastinating.
10.15 p.m.Retire for the day

Try to write an interesting timetable for imaginary people or creatures. 

Timetable of the Determinator alias “Team” 
TimeActivities Scheduled
6.15 a.m. – 8.15 a.m.Getting up and making a few resolutions
8.15 a.m. -9.15 a.m.Exercise
9.15 a.m. -10.15 a.m.Eat a healthy breakfast
10.15 a.m. – 11.15 a.m.Planning of immediate tasks
11.15 a.m. – 1.00 p.m.Execution of the task
1.00 p.m.-2.00 p.m.Lunch break
2.00 p.m. – 3.00 p.m.Afternoon siesta
3.00 p.m. – 4.00 p.m.Tea break
4.00 p.m. – 8.15 p.m.Continuation of the task
8.15 p.m.-9.00 p.m.Taking stock of the day’s activities
9.00 p.m. -10.00 p.m.Dinner
10.00 pm Retire for the day 

6. Activity. 
Start a collection of new and interesting words. Write the words in coloured ink on cards of equal size and arrange them in alphabetical order. Try to use the words in your writing or conversation from time to time. 

 Discuss what makes the following sentences funny. 

Your wasted time will be refunded.
We all know that time once lost is lost forever. The above lines from the lesson is funny because in the letter which was sent with the parcel along with other instructions, the above line too was included. This line is a continuation of the earlier part of the statement which said that results were not guaranteed and if not perfectly satisfied, your wasted time will be refunded. This impossible and improbable assurance makes it a funny statement. 

There was no highway attached to the booth.
A highway is a main public road on which we find booths to make telephone calls or for toll collection. The tollbooth mentioned was erected by Milo. But there was no highway attached to the same. He wondered how a tollbooth could exist without a highway evoking laughter from the reader on the funny statement. 

 The following boxes represent a word or phrase through a special arrangement of letters. Guess the words. 

Write a review of your favourite book. 
Write a review of your favourite book. Use the following points: 

Title of the book
Author/Authors
The central idea or story
The important characters
Some special features of the book
Why is it your favourite book? 

Reading Skills, Vocabulary and Grammar. 

Complete the boxes with two nouns from the extract: 

What does the passage deal with?

The passage deals with an extract from the novel “The Phantom Tollbooth” and a short review of the same. 

Where did Milo find himself?

Milo found himself speeding down a highway into an unknown territory. 

Where did Milo’s journey begin from?

Milo’s journey began from the land of expectations. 

Where did Milo have many adventures?

Milo had many adventures in the kingdom of wisdom. 

Write any one adventure which Milo had in the kingdom of wisdom.

Milo had to rescue the princesses Rhyme and Reason from castles 

Pick out a word from the passage which means:

a. an exciting and daring experience
b. huge fortified building
Answer:
a. adventure
b. castle 

Give the adjective forms of: 

successful: success
school: scholastic

You must read the novel to find out. (Pick out the modal and state its function) 


Modal: must
Function: compulsion 

Why should we read books?

“Books are keys to wisdom’s treasure,
Books are roads to lands of pleasure”. 

Books provide us with wisdom and it is also a pleasure time activity. It enhances our knowledge and helps to put our leisure time to good use. So we must read books. Let us pledge to “Read and Grow”. 

Language Study.

Nothing really interested him. (State the word class of the underlined word)

really – adverb 

He couldn’t return the parcel. (Add a question tag)

He couldn’t return the parcel, could he? 

Results are not guaranteed. (Form a Wh- question to get the underlined part as the answer)

What are not guaranteed? 


It was a proper booth with windows and a roof and a coin box. (Pick out two Naming words/Nouns)

Naming words/Noun windows; roof 

Milo was not sure that this new game would turn out to be interesting. (Write the antonyms of the underlined word and rewrite the sentence)

Milo was unsure whether this new game would turn out to be interesting. 

He sat in his toy car. The part of the speech of the underlined word is pronoun/adjective.

Adjective. 

He had many adventures there. (Separate the subject and predicate)

He – Subject
had many adventures there – Predicate 

It is a fantasy. (Make it interrogative)

Isn’t it a fantasy? 


It has helped them to look at their school and studies in a new light. (Pick out the article)

article – a 

Provide anagrams for: was, but

saw, tub 

A Book Review:

Gulliver’s Travels:
The book ‘Gulliver’s Travels’ by Jonathan Swift was first published in 1726.
The book is a collection of Lemuel Gulliver’s fascinating voyages all over the world. The Gulliver was a surgeon who travelled to different places from 1699 to 1715.
The book is divided into 4 parts, each part containing Gullievr’s experience in a different land. 

Voyage to Liliput.
Voyage to Brobdingnag
Voyage to Laputa
Voyage to the country of Honyhnhnms
The kids love to read the story of Gulliver and his adventures in the six inches dwarf like Lilliputians. ‘Gulliver’s Travels’ is loved and read and re-read by children and adults since centuries. 

The Phantom Tollbooth Summary in English

A classic of children’s literature, this book written by Norman Juster has an important message for children and it has also helped them to look at their school and studies with a new insight, a new perspective.The novel “The Phantom Tollbooth” (A book review) reviews the book written fifty years ago.

 4.7 The sword in the stone

Read the passage. Underline the new words. Guess their meaning from the context. Verify it from a good dictionary.

Merlin announced that Arthur was the son of Lord Uther.

 What do the following events/actions tell us about the characters? Discuss.

The Archbishop announced that everyone was free to try his hand at the sword and called all the Lords to the Great Tournament.

The Archbishop is a bishop or priest of the highest rank. By giving a chance to all the lords to try their hand at the sword, he showed that he was fair and impartial. Through this act, he proved that he believed in giving everyone an equal chance. He acted responsibly in finding the rightful King of Britain.

Arthur agreed to bring Sir Kay a sword at once.

Arthur wanted his brother to win the tournament. He was dutiful and wanted to do all he could to help him achieve success at the tournament. He was excited about the prospects of this brother’s victory.

Sir Ector asked Sir Kay to show him whether he could draw the swords out the stone.

Sir Ector was a man of integrity and honesty. He believed in always being truthful. These were the very lessons he had taught his sons too. Sir Ector insisted that Sir Kay show him whether he could draw the sword of the stone to ascertain whether his son’s claim was true.

Sir Ector kneeled before Arthur.

Sir Ector did a splendid job of bringing up Arthur. But on realizing that he was the son of the good Lord Uther Pendragon he bowed down to authority with the devotion as Arthur was the King of Britain. This shows that he respected the king of the land though he had brought him up as his own son.

Find five words each.

with the suffix:
-less,
--ly,
-ness
-Answer:
-less -lv -ness
-
-speechless angrily lawlessness
-thankless neatly anxiousness
-helpless urgently brightness
-aimless gently carelessness
-careless silently farsightedness

with the prefix:

un- in-

un…………… in……………
 Unsafe
uncomfortable
unaware
unknown
uncommon

 Insecure
insignificant
infamous
 incomplete
 inactive.
 
 Visit a library: Read the stories of King 
Answer in one or two sentences.

Why did people make Lord Uther the King of Britain and give him the title Pendragon?

In ancient Britain, at a time when the land was invaded by wild Barbarians, the good and noble Lord Uther fought them bravely and drove them away from his land. The people made him King of Britain and gave him the title, Pendragon, meaning ‘dragon’s head’.

Write one instance to prove that lawlessness prevailed in Britain after the King died.

Armed robbers roamed the countryside, pillaging farms and fields, and people felt unsafe and insecure in their own homes.

Which strange event was witnessed on Christmas morning?

On Christmas morning, in the churchyard was a large stone, and on it an anvil of steel, and in the steel a naked sword was held, and about it was written in letters of gold that whoever pulled out the sword would by right of birth become the King of England.

Who crowded on the field to participate in the Great Tournament?

Dukes and Counts, Earls, Barons and Knights crowded on the field to participate in the Great Tournament.

Who was Sir Ector?

Sir Ector was a noble knight who had two sons, Sir Kay and young Arthur who he loved dearly. While Kay was his own son who was a knight, Arthur was an orphan who was brought up as a foster son by Sir Ector.

What did Sir Kay realise as he was preparing to join the tournament?

As Sir Kay was preparing to join the tournament, he realised that he had left his sword behind at home.

Why was Sir Kay speechless?

Sir Kay was speechless as his younger brother Arthur had pulled out the magic sword from the anvil of steel placed on the large stone which had appeared in the courtyard. It signified that he was the King of England by the right of birth.

Write in brief about Arthur’s qualities and skills.

Arthur had always been a brave and valiant boy, and he had excelled in fencing and archery.

What had Sir Ector always told his sons?

Sir Ector had always told his sons that what mattered most for a knight was integrity, being honest and truthful at all times, and on all occasions.

Why did Sir Kay fall on his knees before his younger brother?

When Arthur drew the sword out, Sir Kay realised that he was the son of the great Lord Uther Pendragon, the King of Britain from then on. So as a mark of respect and devotion, Sir Kay fell on the knees of King Arthur.

Reading, Vocabulary and Grammar.

State whether the following statements are true or false.

a. As soon as the Archbishop announced that Arthur was the rightful king, the crowd cheered happily.
b. The entire assemblage watched Arthur’s feat in awe.

a. False
b. True

What does the extract deal with?

The extract deals with the introduction of Arthur by the Archbishop to the assemblage and their reaction on seeing their newfound prince.

What was the reaction when the Archbishop announced that King Arthur was the King of England?

There was silence and anger as the assemblage was not ready to believe that an unknown boy whose whereabouts were not known was the King of England. The Lords and Knights wanted to know how he was any better than any one of them.

How did the Knights display their loyalty to their newfound Prince?

Each time more and more knights drew their swords and held them high in a gesture of loyalty to their new found prince.

How did the common people react?

The common people reacted with loud cheers and they were eager to greet their new king.

Pick out proof to show that Merlin was appreciative of what Sir Ector had done.

You have done a splendid job of bringing up the heir to the British throne.

Give the noun forms of:

a. believe
b. high
Answers

a. belief
b. height

Find the odd word. (According to the extract)

assembly, cheers, rose

rose: The rest of the words are nouns.

Loud cheers rose from the common people. (Pick out the describing word

Loud, common

Why do we need a good leader?

Every society needs a good leader to run the administration effectively. It is the responsibility of a good leader to work towards the progress and prosperity of the society. It is rightly said: ‘A society cannot rise above its leaders’.

Language Study.

Do as directed.

There was no heir to the throne of Britain. (Pick out the nouns)

Nouns – heir, throne, Britain

He who draws the sword will be crowned king. (Form a Wh-question to get the underlined part as the answer)

Who will be crowned king?

Then you must help me out. (Pick out the modal and state its function)


modal-must
function – compulsion

He rushed to his brother and handed the sword to him. (Begin the sentence with: Rushing back ………)

Rushing back to his brother, he handed the sword to him.

Kay’s mind was working rapidly. (State the word class of the underlined word and state its kind)

rapidly – Adverb of manner

Sir Ector was overwhelmed. (Make it exclamatory sentence)

How overwhelmed Sir Ector was!

I shall await your return. (Separate the subject and predicate)

I – Subject
shall await your return – Predicate

The Archbishop took them all to the churchyard. (Rewrite the sentence beginning with: They were all ………..)

They were all taken to the churchyard by the Archbishop.

Merlin stepped out of the shadow and addressed the crowds. (Pick out the article)

the

He is your rightful king. (Pick out the describing word)

rightful – describing word

Make sentences using the following: [to assemble, to accompany, to be breathless with excitement, to await one’s return, to watch in awe]

to assemble – The crowd assembled near the village to witness the sight.

to accompany – We decided to accompany him to the place where the event was being organised.

to be breathless with excitement – When the result was announced, I was breathless with excitement as I had excelled in all subjects.

to await one’s return – I was awaiting the return of my friend who had gone to visit his grandparents.

to watch in awe – I watched in awe as the magician demonstrated the tricks.

Student’s Activity.

Use a dictionary and find the meanings of: Dukes and Counts; Earls; Barons; Knights

The Sword in the Stone Summary in English

After Lord Uther’s death, the Lords and Knights began to fight for becoming the King of Britain. A sword appeared in the churchyard with the message: “Whoso pulleth out this sword is by right of birth King of England’. Many knights tried to pull the sword out of the stone but failed. On New Year’s Day, Sir Ector, a noble knight and his two sons, Sir Kay and young Arthur too had gathered to witness the Great Tournament.

Sir Kay who wanted to participate in the tournament had forgotten to bring the sword from home. He entrusted the job to Arthur who unknowingly brought a sword which he sighted in the churchyard. He thus proved that he was the rightful heir to the throne.

Merlin appeared and explained that young Arthur was entrusted to Sir Ector for safety as both Lord Uther and Merlin knew the great danger that lay ahead for the kingdom and King Arthur.
The Archbishop announced to the assembly that King Arthur was the rightful King of England. This announcement was first met with anger but when King Arthur proved that he could draw the sword easily, it was accepted amidst cheers and jubiliation.

 4.8 An Autumn Greeting 


Textbook Questions and Answers

Name of the poem: An Autumn Greeting
Poet: George Cooper

 Central Idea: Tracing the journey of the little leaves in autumn from the treetops to their earthy beds, that is the ground and how they are embedded under the winter snow. A beautiful description of changes observed in nature during autumn.
 
Stanzas: Three stanzas with 8 lines in each stanza.

a. Rhyming words used:

day – play
gold – cold
call-all
flew – knew
went – content
beds – heads

(b) Figures of speech used: Personification is the figure of speech used in this poem, i.e., a figure of speech wherein inanimate objects are given the human qualities. It has added effectiveness to the human qualities. It has added to the beauty of the poem.
e.g.:
‘Come little leaves’- send the wind one day.
1. As the leaves heard the wind’s loud call.

5. Imagery is used to make a poem vivid and descriptive thus providing clarity to the readers. With the beautiful use of imagery the poet has taken the poem to another level.

Down they came fluttering,

One and all

 Over the meadows

They danced and flew ………..

An Autumn Greeting Summary in English

This journey of the leaves from the tree to their earthy beds is aided by their friend ‘the wind’. He ushers them to come over the meadows in their red and gold dresses and play with him. The wind reminds the leaves that summer has bid them goodbye, and winter has set in. The leaves as if waiting for the wind’s call, come down fluttering, dancing, flying and singing. Their journey continues till they reach their earthy beds and they fall into deep sleep with snow covered over their headsThe poet describes the beauty of the autumn season. Come autumn and the leaves begin to change colour. They change into red and gold and they start falling off the trees. With the weather getting colder, the leaves are covered by the snow.





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