MAHARASHTRA BOARD 6TH STD ENGLISH BALBHARATI SOLUTIONS Unit 2

 MAHARASHTRA BOARD 6TH STD  ENGLISH BALBHARATI SOLUTIONS


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Unit 2

 2.1 The Clothesline

 Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Read the poem aloud. Recite any stanza of your choice from memory.

2. Answer the following questions with reference to the poem.

> What is described in the poem?

The poetess Charlotte Druitt Cole describes the clothes on the clothesline swaying in the wind, waiting to be free.

> What are the clothes compared to? Give two examples.

The clothes are compared to white snow, restive horses, fairy-tale witches, a bird and a sail.

> What do restive horses do?

Restive horses are unable to remain still; dance in a lively, playful manner and walk or move with high springy steps.
OR
Restive horses caper and prance

> What do fairy-tale witches do?

Fairy-tale, witches dance wildly in a very hard and violent manner.

> What did one of the fluttering creatures do?

One of the fluttering creatures freed herself from the clutches of the pegs, and soared high into the air like a bird and made it difficult for anyone to find her.

> What could have happened to the one who flew away? Who was she?

The one who flew away happened to be the poetess’ handkerchief. She could be hidden somewhere in a ditch or drowned in the sea.

3. Form groups and discuss the following questions

> Why are clothes compared to living things?

The clothes are compared to living things, as they feel they need to be free from any kind of bondage just like living things.

> The events described in the poem take place at a certain place, at a certain period of the year, under specific weather conditions. Describe the place, the time and the weather conditions.

The events described may be taking place in the backyard of a household, during the spring season, whilst the warm air in the afternoon makes the weather seem warmer than usual.

4. When we say that two or more words rhyme, we mean that they end with the same sound or syllable. For example, ‘ring – sing’. Rhyming words are often used in the verse at the end of the lines. List the rhyming words from the poem. Note the words ‘behind’ and ‘wind’. They have similar spellings, that is they look the same. But they are pronounced differently, that is, they do not ‘sound’ the same. This is known as ‘eye rhyme’. Separate the examples of eye rhymes from the following list.

Rhyming Words Eye Rhyme word

cry- try none – shone
stronger – longer shut – put
laughter – daughter imply – simply
won – done 
known – grown 
beat – feat 

5. List all the phrases from the poem in which two or more words are joined with ‘and’.

hither and thither
caper and prance
shiver and skip
flipping and flapping and flopping

6. Form groups and discuss what must have happened to the handkerchief. Write the story in your own words.

Wash your handkerchief clean. Hang it with a peg to dry in the wind. Watch how it flutters.

7. Wash your handkerchief clean. Hang it with a peg to dry in the wind. Watch how it flutters.

8 .Rewrite these comparisons using the comparative degree.

Example: Whiter than snow

Bluer than sky
Blacker than coal.
Redder than blood.

> Find suitable objects for each comparison.

Example: Petals or flowers or feathers whiter than snow.

  • Ocean or eyes bluer than sky.
  • Leaves or moss greener than grass.
  • Crow or night blacker than coal.
  • Sapphire or rose redder than blood.
  • Stars or light brighter than sun.

> How do the clothes on the clothesline dance?

The clothes on the clothesline dance hand-in-hand in a row, hither and thither, and to and fro.

> How do they go?

They go flipping, flopping and flapping away.

> What are the clothes on the clothesline compared to?

The clothes on the clothesline are compared to fluttering creatures that are as white as snow.

> What do they do in the merry March wind?

The clothes on the clothesline shiver and skip in the merry March wind.

> Pick out the rhyming words from the 1st stanza.

The rhyming words are ‘row-fro-go-snow’.

> Pick out the eye rhyme pair from the 2nd stanza.

The pair of eye rhyme in the 2nd stanza is ‘behind-wind’.

1. How was she struggling? Why?

She was struggling wildly to be free.

2. Whom did she leave behind?

She left pegs and clothesline behind.

3.How did she fly?

She flew like a bird.

4.What did she gleam like?

She gleamed like a sail in the sun.

5. What was she doing for fun?

She was flipping and flopping and flapping for fun.

6.Where could she now be?

She could now be hidden in a ditch or drowned in the sea.

7.What does the poetess know?

The poetess knows for a fact that her handkerchief won’t ever come back to her pocket.

8. Pick out the rhyming words from the 2nd stanza.

The rhyming words are : sun – fun; be – sea.

The Clothesline Summary in ENGLISH


The white clothes that are hung on the clotheslines seem to be dancing in a carefree manner. The clothes’ movements resemble restless horses and their dance reminds the poetess of the wild dance of witches in fairy tales when they dance in the March wind. The poet claims to have seen her handkerchief struggling to be free of the pegs, thereby freeing herself and flying out of reach, like a bird.

The poetess saw her handkerchief flying away merrily. The handkerchief could now be somewhere hiding in a ditch or drowned in the sea. The poetess feels sad about the handkerchief leaving her, knowing very well that she won’t return.

 2.2 The Worth of a Fabric

Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Form pairs. Present in the class, the conversation between Thiruvalluvar and the young man.

2. Describe the following with the help of the story.

> Thiruvalluvar

Thiruvalluvar was a great saint-poet who is loved and respected even now. People said . that he never got angry, never used bad words and never shouted at anyone. He was polite, calm and used a quiet tone even in the most infuriating situations.


> The rich, young man

The rich young man wasted his time by roaming around with his friends, more often than not, making fun of others. He was arrogant to no bounds and decided to test the patience of Thiruvalluvar, which was an unethical thing to do. Despite his egoistical behaviour, he listened to the words of Thiruvalluvar carefully and put them to use, thereby changing his idleness and bad habits.


> The fabric woven by Thiruvalluvar

The fabric wasn’t made in a day. Many people toiled in order to make it. The farmer who grew cotton in his field worked hard for months through sun and rain. He picked cotton from each boll and gave it for spinning. Then someone else carded the cotton and spun it into long, uniform threads. The threads were dyed carefully so that they took on lovely colours. Thiruvalluvar’s wife and he then wove the threads together, putting in beautiful designs.

3. Read aloud the speech in which Thiruvalluvar explains how the fabric was made. Present the process in the form of a chart. Draw pictures for the churl and label them.


4. Write the antonyms of the following words:
politely × ……… .
calmly × ……… .
softly × ……………. .
carefully × …………. .


politely × rudely
calmly × violently
softly × harshly
carefully × carelessly

5. Find the following adverbs in the story. What verbs do they tell us more about? Write down the pairs of verbs and adverbs.

ago, greatly, today, politely, calmly, hard
Verb – Adverb

lived – ago
loved – greatly
have – today
answered – politely
went – calmly
worked hard
spoken – softly
decided – then and there
dyed – carefully

6. Use the following phrases in your own words.

roam around – We roamed around Paris till dusk.
again and again – We chanted the shlokas again and again.
bring something back – Each and every student on the tour brought something back home.
there and then – Lokmanya Tilak decided there and then, that he would not tolerate injustice of any sort.

7. Discuss in groups and think about it.

8.(a) List a few occasions on which you hod become angry. What do you do when you arc angry?

(b) Mention three occasions on which you have made someone else angry. What made that person angry? Can you avoid such things in future?

9. Choose any one of the objects we use daily and find out how it is made. Present the information in the form of a chart.

10. Visit a library: Read the biographies of other Indian Saints. Share at least one story from their life with your friends. What message does it contain?

11. Form groups and display the quotes and messages from different saints in your classroom.


Answer in one or two sentences.

> Who was Thiruvalluvar?

Thiruvalluvar was a great Tamil saint-poet.

> How long ago did Thiruvalluvar live?

Thiruvalluvar lived more than two hundred years ago.

> What did Thiruvalluvar do for a living?

Thiruvalluvar wove beautiful fabrics and saris, and sold them in the market to make his living.

> What is Thirukkural?

Thirukkural is a book of teachings by the great Tamil saint-poet, Thiruvalluvar.

> How did the rich, young man spend his time?

The rich, young man wasted most of his time roaming with his friends and making fun of other people.

> What was the rich, young man sure about?

The rich, young man was sure that he could make Thiruvalluvar angry.

> Did the rich, young man succeed in making the saint-poet angry?

No, the rich young man did not succeed in making the saint-poet angry.

> What change was seen in the rich, young man after the saint-poet spoke to him?

The rich, young man felt ashamed of himself after the saint-poet spoke to him and he decided there and then to give up his idleness and bad habits.

Read the extract and do the activities.

Complete the sentence.

a. Cotton was carded and spun into long uniform threads.
b. The farmer work hard for months through sun and rains.

> What did the farmer grow in his field? How did he work?

The farmer grew cotton in his field. He worked hard for months through rain and sun.

> What did the farmer do with the cotton?

The farmer picked the cotton from each boll and gave it for spinning.

> How did the plain cotton transform into colourful threads?

People carded the cotton and spun it into long, uniform threads. These threads were dyed carefully so that they took on lovely colours.

a. Give the noun forms of:

happy – happiness
know – knowledge

b. Give the adverb forms of:

careful – carefully
happy – happily

c. Pick out a word from the extract which means “pod of the cotton plant”.

Answer:
boll

> State the part of speech of


hard – adverb
lovely – adjective
grew – verb
and – conjunction
he – pronoun
through – preposition

Do as directed.

> Add prefix to the given words:

loved – unloved
respected – disrespected
sold – unsold
agitated – unagitated

> Pick out words from the lesson which are a combination of two meaningful words e.g.: worthless (worth and less)

anyone, someone, himself, thoughtless

> The softly spoken words touched the young man’s heart. (Name the word class of the underlined word.)

softly – Adverb

> Why doesn’t the man get angry? (Name the kind of sentence.)

Interrogative sentence

> My wife and I wove the threads together. (Separate the subject and predicate)

Subject – My wife and I
Predicate – wove the threads together.

> The fabric was reduced to rags. (Name the kind of verb)

was reduced – Transitive verb

>Pick out verb and state its tense.

Question a.
>Many people have toiled to make it.

have toiled – Present perfect tense

Question b.
> Convert the sentence into Future perfect tense.

Many people will have toiled to make it.

> Rewrite the given sentence without the negative. (Money cannot bring it back.)

Money is unable to bring it back.

> Rewrite the above sentence beginning with ‘ It cannot be ’

It cannot be brought back by money.

> He picked cotton______each boll. (Fill in the blanks with a preposition.)

from.

Quotes and quotations:

As soon as the fear approaches near, attack and destroy it.

– Chanakya, 350 BC

Love does not grow on trees or bought in the market, but if one wants to be ‘LOVED’, one must know how to give unconditional love.

– Kabir

As long as I live, so long do I learn.

– Ramakrishna Paramahamsa

Different creeds are but different paths to reach the same God.

– Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (Activity for students to find out some more)

The Worth of a Fabric Summary in English

The story “The Worth of a Fabric” is written by the great Tamil saint-poet who lived around 2000 years ago. Thiruvalluvar, in this story eventually explains to a young man, the importance of hard work. He also explains that tardiness and ignorance can prevent a person from living his life to the fullest, thereby rendering it useless. The story also tells us that one should be calm in all situations. It helps you to choose the right path in all situations.

 2.3 A Wall Magazine for your Class!


 Textbook Questions and Answers

Prepare a notice asking students to contribute towards the school magazine.

PVR Public School, Mumbai
Notice
Class Wall Magazine

29th June, 2016

Students of Standard VI are invited to contribute towards the Wall Magazine to be put up in your class. You could get different articles from old newspapers or periodicals. You could also write short stories, poems, jokes, riddles and much more. All materials brought should be handed over to your class representatives. Hurry!! Come up with different ideas and make a unique Wall Magazine in your class.

Ways to plan a Wall Magazine.

Create a theme – e.g., craft ideas, I need help, recipes, etc.
Gather material from students.
See which matter would fit the theme.
Use creativity in preparing the title.
Decide how to arrange the content.
Make the wall magazine colourful.
Avoid spelling mistakes.
Pictures and articles should be put in the right places.

Importance of Team Work

A Wall Magazine teaches students how to cordially work in groups, bringing out the best in everyone. It inculcates values such as sharing, tolerance, acceptance, etc.

  • Brings about efficiency
  • Better understanding
  • Unique ideas
  • Brings out the best in each student
  • Makes work easier
  • Makes work fun

List of topics that can be included on a Wall

  • Stories
  • Poems
  • Puzzles
  • Riddles
  • Craft ideas
  • Informative articles
  • Jokes I need help
  • Board games
  • Book reviews
  • Quizzes
  • Study tips
  • Health tips
  • Fashion tips
  • Beauty tips
  • Gardening tips
  • Recipes
  • Solve my problem
  • Science comer
  • Photography comer
  • Baby talk
You can add more to the list.

A Wall Magazine for your Class! Summary in English

A wall magazine is a must for every class. It encourages and motivates students to shed their inhibitions and contribute their share of talent towards the magazine. It is a wonderful way to encourage students to read, write and find articles to be put up on the wall magazine. The topics could range from stories, poems, puzzles, riddles, quizzes, games, study tips, health tips, gardening tips, fashion designing, science and recipes. This would be an activity where most students would love to participate.



 2.4 Anak Krakatoa 
 
 Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Draw a diagram to show a volcanic eruption from its description given in this passage. Label the diagram. Show the following in it: Volcano; earth’s crust; crack in the earth’s crust; hot molten rock; red, hot lava; smoke; ash; burning chunks of rock.

2. Show the three categories of volcanoes using the following tree diagram structure.

3. Show the stages in the process in which Krakatoa collapsed and then Anak Krakatoa formed in the course of volcanic eruptions. Use the flowchart given below.

4. Draw a diagram to show how life returned to the island. Label the diagram.(Use the technique of drawing diagrams when you study science, geography, etc.)


5. Write short notes on the following:

The 1883 eruption

The August 1883 eruption that took place was the worst of the eruptions that took place. The sound of the volcanic eruption was heard more than 3500 kms away in Australia. The island which was a volcanic mountain, collapsed on itself. The dust rose up to 80 km. in the sky, which spread around the world and later settled in different parts thousands of kilometres away.

Giant tsunamis were caused by the eruption, destroying 165 villages and towns. Two-thirds of the island of Krakatoa was destroyed, which collapsed beneath the surface of the sea creating more than a 6 km. wide hole.


The living world on Rakata

Rakata, a part of Krakatoa is still visible in the sea, a little away from Anak Krakatoa. After the 1883 eruption, all the surrounding islands and coasts were covered with hot ash rendering the island lifeless. In 1884, a scientist found only one spider when he visited Rakata.

The wind and the sea brought seeds of the plants to the island. Plants and animals that lived in the sea came to the coasts again. Small land animals like ants, termites or even rats and lizards travelled to the island on plants floating in the sea. One edge of the island was soon teeming with plants and animals.

6. Find the pronunciation of the following words from a good dictionary.

strait, eruption, tremendous, dormant, extinct, tsunami, crater, plume.

7. Read aloud with the leader: Form groups of five. Read the passage aloud in groups. The leader begins every sentence and stops after a few words. The other members complete the sentence, reading it aloud in chorus.

8. Look at the following words carefully for one minute. Now close your book and try to write down as many of the words as you can remember.

active, coast, crater, crust, disaster, dormant, eruption, extinct, inland, island, lava, molten, plume, tremendous, tsunami, volcanic.

What is Krakatoa known for?

Krakatoa is known for its volcano which erupts regularly.

Name the three categories of volcano.

  • Active volcano
  • Dormant volcano
  • Extinct volcano

How loud was the sound of the eruption which took place in August 1883?

The sound of the eruption in August 1883 was so loud that it was heard more than 3500 km. away in Australia.

What did the volcanic eruption in August 1883 cause?

The volcanic eruption in August 1883 caused giant waves or tsunamis in the sea near the island.?

What was the new island named?

The new island was named ‘Anak Krakatoa’ or the ‘Child of Krakatoa’.

Name the agents that helped to maintain the living world on Rakata.

The wind
The sea
The birds

How did the western coast of Java become rich in wildlife?

The wildlife in the western coast of Java grew naturally because there were no human beings to interfere with it. There was no one to cut the trees or kill animals.

Write True or False:

a. Krakatoa is an island in the Sunda strait.
b. Great volcanic erruptions can change the land forms on an area.

a. False
b. True

Where is the island of Krakatoa?

The Island of Krakatoa is in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra in Indonesia.

What can a great volcanic eruption do?

A great volcanic eruption can change the landforms in an area.

Grammar

Pick out a word from the extract which means(a) glowing red hot(b) great

(a) molten
(b) tremendous

Thick, dark clouds of smoke rise high from the opening. (Change into past continuous tense)

Thick, dark clouds of smoke were rising high from the opening.

Pick out a word which is a combination of 2 meaningful words.

Sometimes and landforms.

Personal Response:

Do you think animals are happy at the zoo? Why?

No, I don’t think animals are happy at the zoo because they are caged and not free to move about. Though they get their food, they are disturbed by human visitors. They would love to be in their natural habitat.

Language Study

Frajne the questions using auxiliary verbs (helping verbs) for the given statements. Begin the question with the helping verb.

It was raining.

Was it raining?

They were tired.

Were they tired?

They did their duty.

Did they do their duty?

He works in all weathers.

Does he work in all weathers?

Helping (auxiliary) verbs help in changing the tense of the verb in the sentence.
Helping (auxiliary) verbs can also be used at the beginning of a sentence to frame a ‘Yes/ No’ question.

>  Turn each of these statements into a negative question.

It is hot today.

Is it not hot today?

You are feeling hungry.

Are you not feeling hungry?

She is enjoying the film.

Is she not enjoying the film?

They have eaten their dinner.

Have they not eaten their dinner?

Do as directed:

What is a volcano? (State the kind of sentence.)

Interrogative sentence

A great volcanic eruption can change the landforms in an area. (Pick out the modal auxiliary)

Can – modal (verb) auxiliary

Krakatoa is an active volcano. (Change into a negative sentence)

Krakatoa is not an inactive volcano.

This region became rich in wildlife. (Add a question tag)

This region became rich in wildlife, didn’t it?

A part of the old island known as Rakata is still visible in the sea. (Separate the subject and predicate)

Subject – A part of the old island known as Rakata
Predicate – is still visible in the sea.

A volcanic eruption happens on a tremendous scale. (Underline the adjectives)

Volcanic, tremendous.

Very hot mud and ash are also thrown out. (Name the word class of the underlined words)

Very – adverb, hot – adjective, and – conjunction

Do as directed:

Write the noun form of:

erupted – eruption
know – knowledge

Write the adjective form of:

volcano – volcanic
regularly – regular

Add a prefix to:

regularly – irregularly
known – unknown

Writing Skills:

Write a paragraph on ‘Volcanoes’.

Volcanoes are nothing but a natural way the earth has, of cooling off and releasing internal pressure and heat. Volcanoes have their advantages and disadvantages as well, that is the good and bad effects. The bad effects harm human life causing destruction of life and property.

There are many good effects of volcanoes, which not everyone is aware of. Volcanoes provide nutrients to the surrounding soil which is beneficial for plants. Volcanoes make islands. Volcanic ash is used as household cleaners. Volcanoes also create a spectacular sceneries. The most important of all is that volcanic gases are the source of all the water today.

Anak Krakatoa Summary in English

Anak Krakatoa which means ‘Child of Krakatoa’ is named after Krakatoa. It is still an active volcano. The worst of the eruptions took place in August 1883. A part of the old island known as Rakata, is still visible in the sea, a little away from the new arrival. After Krakatoa’s eruption in 1883, all the surrounding islands and coasts were covered with hot ash. No life remained. When a scientist visited in 1884, he found just one spider there.

2.5 The Silver House 

Textbook Questions and Answers

1 What do the following words in the poem mean?

(a) crown (b) round (c) draw (d) blind
Do these words have other meanings? List them.

a. Crown: (in the poem) a princely ornament worn as a badge of royalty.
(Other meanings)A wreath for the head given as a reward of victory.
The topmost part of the head.
An award gained by a victory.
An artificial replacement for the upper part of the tooth.

b. Round: (in the poem) spherical, having gentle curves
(Other meanings)Complete, whole
Outspoken, plain and direct
Finished; polished; not defective or abrupt

c. Draw: (in the poem) to move something by pulling
(Other meanings):To develop something (to sketch)
To pull out (as a gun from a holster).

d. Blind: (in the poem) window coverings
(Other meanings):Unable to see
Closed at one end or having a dead end
Without prior knowledge

2. Find four pairs of rhyming words from the poem.

The pairs of rhyming words in the poem are:

  • crown – down
  • way – say
  • blind – find
  • bare – there

3. In each of the following line, spot the sound that is used repeatedly.

> There’s a silver house in the lovely sky.

The sound of the letter ‘s’ is used repeatedly.

> As round as a silver crown.

The sound of the letter ‘a’ in the word ‘as’ is used repeatedly.

> It takes two weeks to build it up. And two to pull it down.

The sound of the letter ‘t’ is used repeatedly in the words ‘two’ and ‘to’. The sound of the letter ‘p’ is used repeatedly in the words ‘up’ and ‘puli’.

4. What is implied in the following phrases or lines?

> A silver house in the lovely sky.

It is implied in this sentence that the ‘silver house’, is actually the moon in the sky.

> It takes two weeks to build it up.

It is implied in this sentence that the two weeks that are used to build the ‘silver house’ up are the weeks that are required for the moon to complete its journey from the ‘new moon phase’ to the ‘full moon phase’ (waxing).


And two to pull it down.

It is implied in this sentence that the period of two weeks is the time taken by the moon to change from the ‘full moon phase’ to the ‘new moon phase’ (waxing).

5. Make a pair presentation’ of the poem, in the class.


6. The man in the moon is mentioned in many nursery rhymes and stories. When people see the spots on the surface of the moon, they imagine that it’s a human face, or the figure of a man who lives on the moon. Sometimes, other characters like rabbits are also imagined to live with the man. Here are two nursery rhymes about the man in the moon.

7. Are there any stories/legends about the moon or special names for the moon in your language? Talk to your friends and family members and collect this information.

Legend:
In the 1820s, the Bavarian astronomer Franz Von Paula Gruithuisen claimed to have glimpsed entire cities on the moon with his telescope. He wrote that the ‘lunarians who lived there had built sophisticated buildings, roads and forts. Most of his colleagues scoffed at his assertion, but he eventually got a small lunar crater named after him.

Sir William Herschel, a prominent British astronomer and composer, also thought aliens lived on the moon and made regular observations about the progress of their construction projects. In 1835, when the New York Sun published a series of fraudulent articles about the supposed existence of life on earth on the moon (pulling off the so-called “Great Moon Hoax”), it falsely credited Herschel’s son John, a famous astronomer in his own right, with the shocking discovery.

Special names of the moon in different languages:

Sanskrit: Himanshu
Marathi: Chandra ;
Hindi: Chand ‘
French: Lune German: Mond
(The students are expected to find out more legends and words on their own.)

8. Do you know any poem or song about the moon in your own language? Sing it in the class.

9. Form pairs. Write a poem with rhyming lines on at least one of the following:

the moon, stars, a tree, a flower, a river/luke, rain, the wind, clouds.

White (Poem in cloud)
Swirling clouds and shimmering sunlight,
Shifting in between dim and bright
Could stare all day and just night,
Spectacular delight,
Unable to fight,
Amazing night,
Outranks night,
Just right white;

What is there in the lovely sky?

There is a silver house in the lovely sky.

How much time does it take to build up and pull up the house?

It takes two weeks to build up and pull down the silver house.

Who lives in the silver house? How is he?

A man who seems to be lonely, whose name no one knows or no one likes to say; stays in the silver house.

What is the rhyme scheme of stanza 1 and 2?

abcd

When and what should you do to find the lonely man?

You should draw the blinds of the window and peep out at the silver moon at night in order to find the lonely man.

The pair of rhyming words in this stanza is

bare – there
blind – find.

The Silver House Summary in English


The poet John Lea is comparing the silver house in the sky to a moon. He describes the different phases of the moon as the time to build up and pull down the said ‘Silver House’.

The poet talks about a man that lives in the ‘Silver House’ and how no one knows or talks about the man. The poet further advises us to draw the window blind at night, before calling it a day, in order to see the lonely man. John Lea, the poet, states that if you cease to find the poor man in the sky, it is because the ‘Silver House’ has been taken down. The ‘Silver House’ will of course not be there due to the moon being in the ‘new moon’ phase.

 2.6 Ad‘wise’ Customers



  Textbook Questions and Answers

1 . Enact the advertisement:

Seven children wait in different places, striking a suitable pose as shown in the ad.
The character ‘Krispy Krunchy’ comes in dancing. He goes near every child, singing the words shown in the ad. He offers a Krispy Krunchy piece to every child, The child eats it and begins to smile and clap. At the end, the character faces the class, shows a big pack of Krispy Krunchy and presents the last few lines.

2. Discuss the following questions after you have seen a presentation of the ‘ad’.

What does the ad tell you?

The ‘ad’ tells us that for any occasion or any mood, the best thing you could have is Krispy Krunchy.

How many times is the name Krispy Krunchy repeated in the ad? Why?

Krispy Krunchy has been repeated nine times in the ad. The name Krispy Krunchy has been repeated so many times that people get impressed and feel like buying and tasting the product.

What would happen if you never ate Krispy Krunchy?

I don’t think I would miss out on anything if I never ate Krispy Krunchy because it was never there in the food items mother gave me, so I know it is not good for health.

What would happen if you ate proper meals like rice and dal or dal-roti?

If I ate proper meals like rice and dal or dal- roti, I would remain healthy. Growing children need a balanced and nourishing diet.

What would happen if you never ate fruits and vegetables?


If I never ate fruits and vegetables, my body would lack the necessary nutrients needed for nourishing a growing child and I would be unhealthy and fall sick often.


3. Present the information in the box ‘My Teacher says’. Translate the box ‘My Teacher says’ into your mother tongue.

4. Watch the advertisements on TV. Choose any one of them for group discussion and analysis. Write your report on the advertisement

1. Enact the ad by playing the roles of Didi and her relatives. One more child acts as the salesman of bHcmaguuri and presents the text given in white letters in pink bubbles.

2. Discuss the following questions after you have seen a presentation of the ‘ad’.

Why does Didi says “No party for me”?

Didi says “No party for me!” because she feels that she is not beautiful because she is dark.

Can you become fair in five days?

No, one cannot become fair in five days.

How long will the effect of the cream last?

The effect of the cream will last till as long as it is on your face. When washed the effect is gone.

Will you love your brother or sister only if she’s fair?

I will love my brother or sister irrespective of their colour.


Think of the people you like.
Do you like them because they have a fair (white) skin or because of some other qualities? List those qualities.

No, I like them because they are loving, caring, helpful, polite, intelligent (Now add some more to the list).

3. Who do you think benefits most from commercial advertisements?

The seller of the product benefits most from commercial advertisements.

4. Have you seen non-commercial advertisements – those that are not ‘selling’ anything but are only giving people useful information?

Yes, advertisement on “Save Tigers” and also the “Polio Plus Vaccine” for children below the age of 5.

5. Write a useful ‘ad’ on the importance of games, drinking water, your own school.

Importance of games: ‘If you are unhealthy and you don’t want to remain the same, be sure you regularly play a game.’
Drinking water: ‘Water is a giver of life, drink a lot of it everyday and enrich your life.’
Now let us see how you write ‘ads’. Let us try.

 Important Questions and Answers

Which are the different moods you see in the ‘ads’ of Krispy Krunchy?

The different moods seen in the ads of Krispy Krunchy are – happy, sad, depressed, victorious.

What is the aim of advertisements?

The aim of advertisements is to make people buy the products.

How must you act while buying a product?

We must act like a wise customer while buying
a product.

What must you decide while buying a product?

While buying a product, we must decide what to buy, how much to buy and what not to buy.

What is the cost of one packet of Krispy Krunchy?

One packet of Krispy Krunchy costs Rs. 5.

When will we get a packet of free Krispy Krunchy?

On the purchase of 5 packets, we get one packet free.

Do as directed

Is the advice in the ads always good for you? (Identify the kind of sentence)

Interrogative sentence

You must think about it carefully. (Name the word class of the underlined word)

carefully – Adverb

Give the verb form of:

different – differ, differentiate
advice – advise
attractive – attract

Growing children need a balanced diet. (Change the number)

A growing child needs a balanced diet.

These snacks are usually fried foods. (Separate the subject and predicate)

Subject – These snacks
Predicate – are usually fried foods.

You must act like a wise customer. (Pick out the modal verb and the main verb)

must – modal verb act – main verb

Watch the advertisements on T. V. Choose any one of them for group discussion and analysis. Write your report on the advertisement.

> Points to remember while writing a report.

1. A report is a composition which provides in depth complete information about an event or a topic.
2. The information provided should be the same as seen in the advertisement.
3. A report has no place for personal thoughts or emotions.
4. The facts should be presented as they are.
5. A report should begin with a very catchy headline which expresses the gist of the report at a glance.
6. Always write in the past tense.
7. Summarize the advertising campaign’s goals.

Ad‘wise’ Customers Summary in English

Advertisement is a form of marketing devise used by the business houses to promote or sell their products. Advertisements are shown to convince customers that a particular commodity is the best. It is designed in such a way, so to achieve the best of the results, the most popular actor or actress are shown using the products. We must remember not to get carried away by advertisements. It is left to us whether to buy or not, a particular product. So think wisely and decide.

 2.7 Yonamine and Bushi Textbook

 
 Questions and Answers

1. Read the story and write about the following in short.

>> Yonamine Chiru of Okinawa

Yonamine Chiru was the most admired girl in Okinawa. She was intelligent, tall, strong, beautiful and so well trained in Karate that no one could beat her. She had put a condition that she would marry the man who would defeat her in a fair fight.

>> Kojo

Kojo was one of the first men to ask for Yonamine Chiru’s hand. He was so tall and well-built that his hands were like shovels, and his legs resembled tree trunks. He played foul and broke the rules of the game and thus lost his chance to marry Yonamine Chiru.

>> Bushi Kiyo

Bushi Kiyo had decided to marry a girl who enjoyed wrestling. He was trained under the Karate master Sakugawa. He was such an expert that he was recruited by Shoko, the king of Okinawa, to be his personal guard. He did not want to marry a delicate, fragile girl, but someone who was big and strong. He defeated Yonamine Chiru in a wrestling match and thus won her hand in marriage.

2. Discuss and write 1 – 2 lines about the following.

> Yonamine’s idea about marriage.

Yonamine had her own ideas about marriage. She had declared firmly that she would only marry a man who could beat her in a fair fight.

> How Bushi defeated Yonamine in the wrestling match?

The wrestling match began with Yonamine and Bushi bowing to each other and then began the attack. Both used their best techniques and it looked as if the match was going to be a tie. But, at a crucial moment in the fight, Yonamine paused very briefly. Bushi took advantage of this and brought her down with a swift punch.

>Why Bushi told Yonamine not to travel at night?

Yonamine decided to visit her parents. She told Bushi that she would leave in the evening and return the next day in time to cook dinner. Bushi told her not to travel during the night because there were bandits roaming about and it was not safe for a woman to go out alone after dark.

> Yonamine’s fight with Bushi (disguised as a bandit).

Bushi’s wife decided to go to visit her parents one evening. Bushi warned her not to go out alone at night because it would be dangerous as there were bandits around. Yonamine, his wife told him not to worry as she could . take care of herself. To teach her a lesson, because he thought she was overconfident, he disguised as a bandit. He ran ahead of her and hid behind a tree. He confronted her as a bandit would. Yonamine with her swift, sharp attacks made the attacker unconscious. Yonamine then dragged the attacker and tied him to a tree and then set off to her parents’ home, as if nothing had happened.

> The lesson that Bushi learnt.

Bushi learnt not to underestimate anybody, especially women.

3. Divide the story into different sections to show the different events and time periods in it. Give a suitable title to each section.

Bushi Kiyo accepts the challenge.
Bushi Kiyo wins Yonamine Chiru’s hand.
Bushi Kiyo and Yonamine happily married.
Bushi Kiyo decides to teach his wife a lesson.
Bushi Kiyo learns a lesson himself.

4. Write a short monologue using one of the following ideas. Write down the monologue and present it in the class.

Yonamine’s father worrying about getting her married.

I am Yonamine Chiru’s father. My daughter is intelligent, strong, beautiful and well trained in Karate that no one can beat her. This is where the problem lies. She has become of a marriageable age and I would love to see her
married. After all she is my only child and I want her to be happy. She is the heir to all my fortunes and I want to see her married off happily when I am alive.

I know that there are men who wants to marry her but I am unsure if they want my daughter or her fortune. To add to this misery my daughter has put a condition regarding her marriage that she would marry only that man who would defeat her in a fair fight. She is so well trained in Karate that I barely see anyone defeating her. I am really worried for my daughter and I hope she finds her match.

> Bushi disguised as a bandit

I am Bushi Kiyo, husband of Yonamine. My wife is overconfident and thinks herself to be strong and an expert in Karate. I forbade her to travel at night but she refused to listen. I felt that she must be taught a lesson for her own good. So as Yonamine left for her father’s place, I disguised myself as bandit wearing shabby clothes, smearing dark colour over my hands.

I covered my face with a scarf and hid behind a clump of trees. When I saw Yonamine passing by, I jumped from behind the trees and tried to attack her. But Yonamine was too swift and sharp and attacked me instead. Besides she also tied me up to a tree and left for her father’s house.

5. Form groups and hold debates on the following topics. Make bulleted lists of points in favour of the topic (pros) and those against it (cons). (3 – 6 points each)

> Debate on ‘Boys cannot cook or do any housework’.

Pros (for) Cons (against)
1. Today, boys can cook and do household chores. A vivid example is the programme ‘Master Chef’ in which we see more boys than girls participating and normally the boys end up winning the finals. 1. That is outside the house. In the house they expect everything to be done either by their mothers or sisters.
2. After the 1960’s men/boys do more work than they used to.2Even today boys feel that cooking and household chores are women’s work.
3. There is less housework to do because of machines that makes work easy and so is quickly done by the ladies in the house. 3. Boys should remember that it is their house too and should get started and help in the chores and lighten the work.
4. Let us conclude this debate by letting everyone present that there is no ‘her job’ or ‘his job’. Today men and women have to share equal responsibilities because in most of the families both parents are bread earners. Sharing responsibilities makes work lighter and quicker and a sense of equality prevails.

> Girls cannot do everything that boys do.

Pros Cons
1. Indian society still thrives on male ego wherein girls are secondary and are not allowed to do what they wants.1. Today time has changed. Girls can do whatever they sets their heart to.
2. There is no taboo for boys. Indian society feels that boys are better than girls in every respect. 2. Today a lot of changes in the laws have given girls the confidence to stand equal to their male counterpart.
3. Girls are not allowed to take part in many games as well as jobs terming them as ‘boy’s games’ or ‘boy’s jobs’. 3. Today society has become more open to the idea that girls too are capable of playing any game or doing any task.

 > You should never lose a match.


Pros Cons
1.Whenever we play, we should play to win. 2.Winning and losing are two sides of the same coin.
3.Participate only if you know for sure that you will win or don’t participate at all. 2. One cannot predict the result of the game. You cannot tell how the ball will turn. You can be a hero or a zero. You cannot always win
4. Winning is a great feeling. You feel you have conquered the world. 3. This feeling is only for some time. Losing is also a part of the game. We learn from our mistakes and can always do better.

> You should admit your mistakes.

Pros Cons
1. It is always right and a good habit to admit your mistakes. You feel good. 1. Many a times when mistakes are admitted it fires back. You are always blamed.
2. Admitting a mistake makes you understand that you have done something wrong and you should not repeat the same. 2. Admitting a mistake, many-a-times is not taken positively. You are taunted about it every time.
3. Admitting your mistake keeps your conscience clear. 3. Though one should admit one’s mistake, one does not admit because of the attitude of the people around him.

Answer in one or two sentences.

Why was Yonamine the most admired girl in Okinawa?

Yonamine was intelligent, tall, strong, big and beautiful and a matchless Karate player. This made her the most admired girl in Okinawa.

What was Yonamine’s idea about her marriage? 

Yonamine stated firmly, “I will only marry a man who can beat me in a fair fight!”

Who was the first young man to ask Yonamine’s hand? Why was he rejected?

Kojo, a tall and well-built man, was the first to ask Yonamine’s hand. He was rejected because he played foul with her in a contest of martial arts.

How did Yonamine defeat Kojo?

Kojo broke the rules of the games by throwing a punch at Yonamine. She twisted his arm so powerfully that he fell down and he was defeated.

Who was Bushi Kiyo?

Bushi Kiyo was an expert Karate player and the personal guard of Shoka, the King of Okinawa.

Describe Kiyo’s features.

Kiyo was tall and slim, with dark piercing eyes and appeared fearless.

How do you know that Yonamine was a good housewife?

Yonamine was kind and loving. She cooked and cleaned and kept the house spick and span.

What opinion did Bushi have of Yonamine?

Bushi opined that Yonamine was overconfident of her strength and skill.

Why did Bushi disguise himself as a bandit?

Bushi disguised himself as a bandit to scare Yonamine who dared to travel in the dark. Also he wanted to teach her a lesson for her own good.

What lesson did Bushi learn at the end of the day?

Bushi learnt a lesson ‘Never to underestimate anybody, especially a woman.’

Read the extract and do the activities

Complete the following sentences.

Many wrestlers were eager ………….. .

To win her in a contest of martial arts.

Yonamine’s father began to worry …………… .

When it was time to get her married.

What was Yonamine’s condition about marriage?

Yonamine laid down a condition that she would only marry a man who could beat her in a fair fight.

She was intelligent, tall, strong and beautiful. (Pick out the adjectives in the sentence)

Adjectives – intelligent, tall, strong, beautiful

Yonamine was the most admired girl. (Change into present tense)

Yonamine is the most admired girl.

She was a beautiful girl with a fortune! (Identify the kind of sentence)

Exclamatory sentence

She was a beautiful girl. (Change into negative)

She was not an ugly girl.

Personal Response

Have you ever won a contest? How does it feel?

Yes, I have won a couple of contests in singing and drawing. Winning a contest makes me feel very confident and a feeling of pride too. I put in my best and try not to be overconfident.

Do as directed.

He loved his daughter. (Add a question tag)

He loved his daughter, didn’t he?

She crossed the clump of trees. (Change into past perfect)

She had crossed the clump of trees.

Add prefixes to the following so as to get their opposites:

important × unimportant
wanted × unwanted
customary × uncustomary
respect × disrespect
defeated × undefeated
cooked × uncooked

Word building: Write the noun form of the following

intelligent - intelligence
strong - strength
beautiful - beauty
important - importance
rich - richness
splendid - splendor

He loved his daughter. (Change into Negative sentence)

He did not hate his daughter.

She cooked and cleaned and kept the house spick and span. (Pick out a phrase from the sentence which means neat, clean and tidy)

spick and span

Yonamine’s father was a very happy man. (Separate subject and predicate)

Subject – Yonamine’s father
Predicate – was a very happy man.

She held her attacker by the hand. (Pick out the verb and state its kind)

held – transitive verb

Bushi disguised himself as a bandit. (Frame a Wh-question so as to get the underlined word as the answer)

What did Bushi disguise himself as?

But he played foul! (Kind of sentence)

Exclamatory sentence

Yonamine and Bushi Summary in English

The story revolves around a girl named Yonamine, who is intelligent, tall, strong, beautiful and admired by everyone. She is very good at Karate too. She is the only heir to her rich father’s property. Her father wants to see her happily married, but she has got certain conditions/ ideas about her marriage. She marries Bushi Kiyo after he passes the contest. She performs her duties as a wife and both are happy.

Once she decides to visit her parents at night. Her husband warns her against going out at night saying that it is not safe to travel at night, especially for ladies. Yonamine tells her husband not to worry and sets out to meet her parents. Bushi feels that his wife was overconfident and that she should be taught a lesson. He disguises as a bandit and attacks Yonamine. Yonamine with her swift and sharp actions hits her attacker, rendering him unconscious. She ties him to a tree and sets off to her parents’ home.

The next day she leaves her parents’ home to reach her home in time to cook her husband’s evening meal. Bushi who had been untied by his wife, reaches home dull and tired. Bushi returns the white sash his wife had used to tie him. When Yonamine realises that it was her husband she had tied up, she has a hearty laugh. Bushi learns a lesson not to underestimate anybody, especially a woman.






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