MAHARASHTRA BOARD 6TH STD ENGLISH BALBHARATI SOLUTIONS Unit 1

 MAHARASHTRA BOARD 6TH STD ENGLISH BALBHARATI SOLUTIONS



Unit 1

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1.1 Don’t Give Up! 

Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Have you ever given up on something good? Share your story.


I was a very good cricketer. But on a couple of occasions, I got a feeling that my team failed due to my poor performance. I stopped pursuing the game, but today I regret my decision. I realised very late that: ‘A quitter never wins and a winner never quits’

2. Your friend fell down learning to ride a bicycle and now has given it up altogether. What do you think will be the poet’s advice?


‘Rise each time you fall, never give up’ would be the advice the poet would give my friend. While riding a bicycle or acquiring any new skills, we are bound to fall or face disappointments. The poet would advise him to be patient and rise stronger and achieve what he has set out to achieve with determination and resilience.

Answer the following questions.

1. What should we not do if we have tried but not won?

If we have tried but not won, we should never stop for crying or feel dejected about the same.

2. Name two elements of nature mentioned in the poem which display determination and strength.

‘Young birds’ and the ‘oak tree’.

3. Pick out two describing words used in the poem.

Young, sturdy

4. Circle the odd word. great good patient blast

Blast, the rest are describing words.

5. Name any one personality from the pages of history who didn’t give up till he succeeded. Justify your answer.


Our Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, did not give up or buckle under pressure in our struggle for independence. Finally, due to his relentless efforts and determination, we became free from the British rule and became an independent nation.

6. Explain the line: “If by easy work you beat, who the more will prize you?”

The above lines from the poem ‘Don’t Give Up’ written by Phoebe Cary convey the message that if success comes to us easily it will not be considered as our achievement. Rising above challenges and failures, and emerging a winner is true success, according to the poet.

7. What is the central idea of the poem?


The central idea of the poem is that we should never give up and be patient in the face of failures as we continue to keep trying. Failures are bound to occur. We should not lose heart and stop trying but gain victory from defeat with our willpower and our determination.

8. According to the poet, how has the great and good been done in this world?


According to the poet, all that’s great and good is done just by trying, with patience and determination till we achieve our goal.

Answer in one sentences

> What happens to the young birds while they try to fly?

The young birds fall as they try to fly.

> Pick out lines to prove that the oak has survived many blows of stormy winds.

‘She has risen again and grown, Loftier and prouder’.

> Pick out a contraction from the extract.

You’ve (It stands for you have)

> Do you agree with the maxim: ‘Try, try, till you succeed’?

Yes. I agree with the maxim: ‘Try, try till you succeed’. We should remember that ‘A quitter never wins and winner never quits’.
People like Mahatma Gandhi, Sachin Tendulkar, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam and others have proved the above maxim to be right, with their life and work.
We should remember that disappointments and failures are bound to occur in our journey to succeed, but we should never lose heart. We should keep trying patiently till we accomplish our goal.

Poetic Device/Appreciation:

> Find the meaning of the following expressions.

All that’s great and good: 

All the great achievements and accomplishments we see around us.
Has known many a blast: The tree has survived many blows of stormy weather.
The test that tries: A situation which is challenging, and which tests our endurance, our resilience and our willpower.

Poetic Devices:

Pick out two pairs of rhyming words from the poem.


won – done
stronger – longer
known-grown

Name the rhyme scheme used in the first four lines of the poem.

abab

Name and explain the figure of speech used in the line.

‘That’s the test that tries you’.

The figure of speech used in the above line is Alliteration as the sound of the alphabet’t’ is repeated for a better poetic effect.


Don’t Give Up! Summary in English


‘Don’t Give Up’ written by Phoebe Cary has a beautiful message for each one of us. The poet advises us never to be disheartened or dejected by failures. We are reminded that all the great and good things in this world is done just by patience and relentless efforts of the concerned people.

The poet gives the example of young birds who in their initial flights, fall but rise higher and stronger each time, thus proving that resilience and determination can help scale great heights.

The sturdy oak too has withstood challenges of time before rising up taller, stronger and prouder. Our achievements and our accomplishments may not be celebrated by others if it had come to us easily. But despite all odds, overcoming all challenges, rising above defeats when we achieve our goal and gain victory, that will be our true test, our real victory.

1.2 Who’s the Greatest? 

Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Guess the meaning of the following words and phrases:

untold wealth, closest to the Emperor’s heart, grave offence, banish.

> untold wealth: limitless wealth, the magnitude of which is not revealed

> closest to the Emperor’s heart: dear to the Emperor

> grave offence: serious mistake

> banish: send away into exile


3. Say with reasons, whether the following statements are true or false.

> Akbar wanted to punish the person who pulled his moustache.

False. Akbar did tell his courtiers that someone had pulled his moustache. But it was his grandson who had lovingly pulled his moustache and Akbar did not have any intention of punishing him.

> Akbar thought he was greater than God.

False. Akbar did not think so. It was his courtiers who said so in an attempt to praise him for receiving favours.

> Birbal thought Akbar was greater than God.

True. 
Birbal thought Akbar was greater than God but only at one aspect. Unlike Akbar, God’s kingdom extended everywhere so the Almighty God could not banish anyone from his kingdom.

4. Write a sentence about three of your friends. Each time you should say what your friend cannot do, and yet, pay a compliment to your friend.


My friend Raj cannot say no to others as he does not like to hurt others.

My friend Radha cannot hurt animals as she is concerned about their welfare.

My friend Sai cannot be rude to others because he is extremely loving and polite.

5. Write a short note on Emperor Akbar.

Emperor Akbar or Akbar the Great is known as one of the greatest rulers in the world – not just because he had a vast empire, a very strong army, untold wealth but because he was a good human being. He cared for his subjects. He had great respect for scholars, writers, poets and artists belonging to different religions. He was a patron of art and culture. The nine gems or ‘nav-ratnas’ in his court were famous which included Birbal who was known for his wit and humour. He was the one who was very dear to Akbar.

6. Convert the stories into dialogues and read the dialogues aloud in the class.


Emperor Akbar: (With a serious expression.)
I have a question for all of you. What should be the punishment for someone who pulls my moustache?

One Nobleman: Flog him! Give him fifty lashes of the whip.

Second Nobleman: That’s not enough. Put him in jail without food and water.

Third Nobleman: Whip him! Beat him up! Fourth Nobleman: Hang him!

Fifth Nobleman: Cut off his offending hands.
Akbar: What do you say Birbal?

What is your opinion?

Birbal: In my opinion, given of peace to the world, the offender should be given his favourite sweetmeats.

Courtiers: Raja Birbal, are you out of your mind? Give sweetmeats for such a grave offence?

Birbal: Yes, who would be so bold as to pull the Emperor’s moustache? Only his own grandson!

(Akbar burst out laughing as it was exactly what had happened in the morning.)

Answer in one sentence.

1.Why is Emperor Akbar or Akbar the Great known as one of the greatest rulers in the world?

Emperor Akbar or Akbar the Great is known as one of the greatest rulers in the world, not just because he had a vast empire, a very strong army, untold wealth, but because he was a good human being.

2. Give two examples to show that Akbar was an ideal ruler.

Akbar cared for his subjects.

He had great respect for scholars, writers, poets and artists belonging to different religions.

3. Who did Akbar have great respect for?

Akbar had great respect for scholars, writers, poets and artists belonging to different religious.

4. Which question posed by Akbar stunned the Emperor’s court? Why?

The question, “What should be the punishment for someone who pulls my moustache?” stunned Akbar’s court as it was unheard of.

5. Write any one punishment suggested by any one nobleman.

One nobleman suggested that the person who pulled the Emperor’s moustache should be flogged with fifty lashes of the whip.

6. What was Birbal’s suggestion regarding punishing the offender?

Birbal suggested that the offender should be given his favourite sweetmeats.

7. What explanation did Birbal offer for his choice of punishment?

Birbal explained that only his own grandson would be so bold to pull the Emperor’s moustache and so giving his favourite sweetmeats would be the best punishment.

8. Why did the courtiers compete with each other in praising Akbar?

The courtiers competed with each other in praising Akbar as they wanted to get some favours from him.

9.What dilemma did the courtiers face?

When the courtiers praised Akbar and said that he was greater than God Almighty, Akbar asked them to prove it or face punishment.

10.What was the one thing according to Birbal which Akbar could do but God Almighty could not?

According to Birbal when Akbar wanted to punish someone, he could banish that person out of his kingdom, but as God’s kingdom extended everywhere, the Almighty couldn’t banish anyone from his kingdom.

 Grammar

Read the following extract and complete the activities that follow.

State whether the following statements are true or false.

a. Akbar was happy to hear the praises from his courtiers.

b. Akbar was angry with Birbal’s response.
Answer:

a. False
b. False

What information did Akbar want?

Akbar wanted to know if the courtiers had found an answer to his question.

Why could God not banish anyone from his kingdom?

God couldn’t banish anyone from his kingdom because God’s kingdom extended everywhere.

Why did Akbar’s face lighten up with a smile?

Akbar’s face lightened up with a smile because Birbal had given a clever reply.

Why did Akbar forgive the courtiers for their stupidity?

Akbar was so pleased with the answer given by Birbal that he forgave the courtiers for their stupidity.

Find the odd word:

> look, royal, good, proper

look, The rest are adjectives.

Complete the analogy:

> prove: proof: punish: punishment

Everyone was curious to see what would happen next. (State the word class of the underlined word.)

next: adverb

The Almighty cannot banish anyone from his kingdom. (Add a question tag)

The Almighty cannot banish anyone from his kingdom, can he?

Do you believe in false praise? Elaborate.

No, I don’t. Appreciating people for their good qualities is a good thing but resorting to false praise for receiving favours or for some ulterior motive is definitely something which we should refrain from.


Do as directed.

You are the greatest of the kings. (Underline the adjective)

greatest.

Put him in jail without food and water. (State the types of nouns)

food, water – Material noun.

He was an patron of art and culture. (Correct the article)

He was a patron of art and culture.

I believe you. ( Begin the sentence with ‘you are )

You are believed (by me).

Flag him ! (State the type of sentence)

Exclamatory sentence.

Akbar looked at Birbal thoughtfully (State the part of speech of the underlined word)

thoughtfully – Adverb.

Make sentences using the following phrases.

> to have respect: I have great respect for my teachers who are my friends and my guide.

> to come up with: He came up with the most silly excuse.

> to be stunned: The whole world was stunned by the news .

> to offer an explanation: He realised his mistake and offered an explanation for them.

> to have an advantage: The other team in the game had an advantage because they were highly experienced.

Give the antonyms by providing appropriate suffixes.

interesting × uninteresting
human × inhuman
pleased × displeased
advantage × disadvantage
proper × improper

Give one word for:

> very great in area or size: vast

> to beat someone hard with a whip: flog

> to be disturbed: agitated

> lack of cleverness: stupidity

Who’s the Greatest? Summary in English


Who’s the Greatest? is an interesting lesson which narrates two of the very popular Akbar and Birbal stories. Akbar would always pose interesting questions and problems in his court and Birbal, one of his nine gems or ‘nav-ratnas’ never failed to come up with an answer displaying his wit and humour.

In this lesson, one of the stories talks about Akbar’s question to his courtiers:
“What should be the punishment for someone who pulls my moustache?”
While everyone called for strict actions for the grave offence, Birbal smilingly suggested that Akbar should give the offender his favourite sweetmeats. After all he said, who would be so bold to pull the Emperor’s moustache other than his own grandson?
The next story is about the challenge Akbar posed to his courtiers who showered him with false praises and called him greater than the God Almighty.
He told the courtiers to tell him atleast one thing he could do but God Almighty would not be able to do.
Here Birbal came to the courtier’s rescue. He said:
“When you want to punish someone, you can banish that person – you can throw him out of your kingdom. But God’s kingdom extends everywhere. The Almighty cannot banish anyone from his kingdom.” Akbar was pleased with the answer.
The humour and wit in the Akbar and Birbal stories are the reasons for their popularity.

1.3 Autobiography of a Great Indian Bustard


World Heritage English Workshop Question 

1 Read the chapter aloud .

2. You are going to meet a Great Indian Bustard very soon. Prepare at least 10 questions to interview him.

Hello! It is nice to meet you! Please answer a few questions:

1.What can you tell us about yourself?

2.Where are you and your friends found in India?

3. When are you the most happiest?

4. Why are your numbers on a decline across the globe?

5. Which are the organisations which are supporting you in your struggle for survival?

6. How can the government play a role to help birds and animals on the verge of extinction?

7. Whose initiatives have led to increased awareness about the plight of the Great Indian Bustard?

8. How can media help you in creating awareness about the problems faced by you?

9. What would you like the children to do to support you in order to survive?

10. Do you have any message for human beings?

3. Write a letter to your friend about the Great Indian Bustard. You may use the following points:

> Why we need to protect the bird.
> What you plan to do to help the bird.



                                                A/18 Deep Mahal,
                                                      Sahar Road,
                                                  Vile Parle (E),
                                             Mumbai – 400 057,
                                              15th August, 2016.

Dear Rajani,
Hi! Hope this letter finds you in good health and happiness. I am writing this . letter to express my concern about the fact that only the last 200 of the Great Indian Bustards are left in this world.

The animals, birds, insects, trees, rivers, seas and other elements of nature including man are all the part of a link which binds us together, and which keeps us going. It is high time we protect the Great Indian Bustard and other species which are on the verge of extinction.

How right are the words, “Let’s preserve nature, if not for anything else, For the beauty and strength it inspires!”
We can protect the birds by creating awareness through our school magazine. We can write letters to the government officials too. We can discuss this issue with the elders. We can ask our teacher to take us to sanctuaries to have a better understanding of the life of the Great Indian Bustard.

Let us remember: ‘The future lies in our hands. Let us conserve, preserve and protect all the elements of nature.’
Please think about the issue I shared with you.
 
                                                      Yours lovingly,
                                                              XYZ


6. With the help of the internet and other sources, obtain more information about the critically endangered birds and animals in India. Find the names of their sanctuaries.

Some critically endangered birds and animals in India:

‘CR’ or critically endangered birds or animals are those that are likely to become extinct in the wild. We may never see them again.

  • Forest Owlet
  • Indian Vulture
  • Siberian Crane
  • Deoluli Minnow (fish)
  • Asiatic Cheetah
  • Himalayan Wolf
  • Amboli Toad

8.Write a short autobiography of any bird or animal of your choice.

Hello friends! I reside in a dense jungle. I love rains and I express my joy by dancing in the rain. People say watching me dance is indeed a beautiful sight. Yes, I am a peacock. I long to fly in the high blue sky like the pigeon. I wish I could fly above the clouds and beyond. Alas! It is not possible.

But I count my blessings. My beauty and the fact that I am the National Bird of India gives me reasons to rejoice and celebrate. Next time you see a graceful bird with a bright shining tail, dancing to its heart’s content in the rainy seasons, you can be rest assured, it’s me.

I have a humble request. Please preserve and protect us. Many of us – my fellow beings are on the verge of extinction. Please save us else we will soon become a part of history.
Remember: Harmony between man and wild life is the only way to solve all the problems faced by the world.
Come, together let us co-exist.


Answer in one sentence.

1} Which is the heaviest flying bird in India?

The Great Indian Bustard is the heaviest flying bird in India.

2} How is the female Indian Bustard different from the male one?

The female Indian Bustards are smaller and slimmer than their male counterparts, and their neck is not white.

3} Where do the Great Indian Bustards live?

The Great Indian Bustards live on grasslands and deserts.

4} Name any two things which are favourite food items of a Great Indian Bustards.

Grasshoppers and beetles.

5} Rains usher happiness into the lives of the Great Indian Bustards. Pick out proof from the lesson for this statement.

“I dance in joy with puffed feathers and cocked up tail and dropped down wings.”

6}Who are the enemies of the Great Indian Bustard’s eggs and chicks?

Monitor lizards, foxes, dogs, pigs, snakes and eagles are the enemies of the Great Indian Bustard’s eggs and chicks.

7} What is the difference between the young ones of other birds and the Great Indian Bustards?

The difference between the young ones of other birds and the young ones of Great Indian Bustards is that unlike the young ones of other birds which soon fly away from the nest, the Great Indian Bustard’s mother and chick stay together for nearly a year.

GRAMMAR

1. Which environmental problem is highlighted in the extract?

The decline of the population of the Great Indian Bustard, driving them to the verge of extinction is highlighted in the passage.

2. Who suggested that the Great Indian Bustard should be given the status of the ‘National Bird?

Dr. Salim Ali, a friend of Great Indian Bustards suggested that the Great Indian Bustard should be given the status of the ‘National Bird’.

3.What is the consequence of the growing population of man on the Great Indian Bustard?

The growing population of man has pushed the Great Indian Bustard from more than 90 per cent of their home regions.

4.Two causes which has led to the decline in the number of the Great Indian Bustard.

Hunting, Electric power-line

5. We used to live in all parts of India. (State the word class of the underlined part.)

all – adjective

6. We are losing our homes. (Add a question tag.)

We are losing our homes, aren’t we?

7.We need your support and love in order to survive. (Use not only … but also.)

We need not only your support but also love in order to survive.

8.Give the verb forms of:

population: populate electric: electrify/electrocute

9.Why should we save animals from extinction?

Animals are also an important element of the food chain. Many species of animals have become extinct. The animals are invaluable. Our existence depends on them, so to stop the links of food chains from breaking, we should save the animals from extinction.

10.Mrs. Bustard is smaller and slimmer than I am. (Pick out the adjectives and state the degree of comparison used.)

Adjective: Smaller
Slimmer: Degree of comparison: Comparative

> That’s a very healthy habit! (Pick out the adverb.)

Adverb: very

> It helps me to impress my soulmate. (Rewrite the sentence using the underlined word as noun.)

It helps me create an impression on my soulmate.

> I dance in joy. (Make it exclamatory.)

How I dance in joy!

> The egg looks like a stone. (Pick out the articles.)

Articles: The, a

> We need your support and love in order to survive. (Pick out the noun and state their kind.)

support and love: Abstract Noun

> You can discuss this with your parents. (Pick out the modal and state its function.)

can: possibility

> Come to see us at a sanctuary. (Pick out the preposition.)

at: preposition

> You will only see us in pictures. (Pick out the adverb.)

only – Adverb

Autobiography of a Great Indian Bustard Summary

In this lesson, the author acquaints us with the different physical characteristics of the Great Indian Bustard. He also talks about their habitat, their eating habits and other details, apart from providing information about their young ones.

He further elaborates that though it is the State Bird of Rajasthan and despite having ten sanctuaries for their protection, their number is on a decline.

Due to uncontrolled population explosion created by man, the Indian Bustards were being pushed away from more than 90 percent of their home regions.

There are other reasons for their decline in number like hunting, electric shock, loss of habitat etc. With the last 200 of the birds left in the world, the lesson reminds us that the birds need our love and support for their survival. The lesson also enlists various ways in which we can do our part to stop the birds from becoming extinct.

  1.4 Children are Going to School …


 Textbook Questions and Answers


1. Read the poem aloud.

2. Find atleast two things from the poem that show the following: 

> It is early morning

Morning light spreads over the earth.

The sun, after his morning dip in the river dressed up in his golden muslin turban waits and smiles on one side of the road.

> The atmosphere is pleasant

Breezes sing their songs of blessings.

Fragrant flowers awaken the sleepy roads with their melodies.

3. Apart from children, no other human beings are mentioned in the poem. However, many natural elements are shown to act like person. Name them and also write what they do.


The sky: Sky bows his head in respect for children going to school.

The sun: The sun waits and smiles on one side of the road for the children are going to school.

The breezes: Through the green-topped branches, breezes sing their songs of blessings.

The fragrant flowers: They awaken the sleepy roads with their melodies.

The peepal tree: It waves his hands for the children going to school.

Every particle of the earth: Throbs like a mother’s heart for the children going to school.

Pigeons: Fly in the sky for children going to school.


4. The whole world is happy because children are going to school. Why is it so? Discuss it in the classroom.


Children going to school is a beautiful sight. The fun they have, the little games they play, the mischievous things they do enroute to the school, all make it a pretty picture. So, the whole world is happy to witness this sight. Apart from this, it is important that children go to school for their development and the development of the world at large. So, the whole world is happy because children are going to school.

5. Write about how your family supports you to go to school.


My family is my greatest support system. They support me in every way to go to school. Packing my lunch box and bag with books and learning material is done by my mother. My father helps me to keep my books complete. He also helps me to get ready to go to school before dropping me to school.

6. What would happen if children didn’t go to school? Discuss the question in groups of 5-8 and prepare a short composition on it.


School is a temple of knowledge. If children didn’t go to school, they would not attain knowledge. In a school, they learn different subjects, good qualities and various skills. This helps them to become good individuals and great citizens. Children who don’t go to school will be denied all these experiences. They will also miss out all the fun other children have in schools.

We should ensure that every child is sent to school so that he receives good education. This will not only help him to realise his dreams but also help him contribute towards national development. Let us educate and empower ourselves and work towards a bright future.

7.Write in short about what your parents/guardians feel when they send you to school.

Parents/guardians experience mixed feelings when they send us to school. They feel happy that we are going to school to acquire knowledge, skills and values and at the same time they miss our absence from home too.
Sometimes, if the school is far away, parents and guardians are worried till we get back. At the same time they are aware that for our bright future it is essential to go to school. They are proud that we are doing our best in school by making the most of our experiences.


Answer in one or two sentences.

When and to whom does the sky bow his head in respect?

When the morning light spreads over the earth, the sky bows his head in respect to the children going to school.

How has the poet described the sun in the poem?

The sun is described beautifully by the poet. He says that after the sun’s morning dip in the river, dressed up in golden muslin turban it waits and smiles on one side of the road for the children going to school.

Who waves at the children going to school?

The peepal tree waves his hands at the children going to school.

Why is every road shining bright?


The angels of light have set out and so every road is shining bright.

Read the following extract and complete the activities that follow.

What does the poet convey through the above poem?

The poet conveys the happiness of all the elements of nature at the sight of children going to school.

What do the breezes do as the children are going to school?


Through the green-topped branches, the breezes sing their songs of blessings.

What do the fragrant flowers do as thechildren are going to school?

The fragrant flowers awaken the sleepy roads with their melodies as the children are going to school.

What has the poet compared the throbbing of every particle of the earth to?

The poet has compared the throbbing of every particle of the earth to the throb of a mother’s heart.

Explain the line:

Angels of light have set out Every road is a-gleam.


The sunlight is rejoicing at the sight of the children going to school and it has made the roads shining bright for the children.

Name the rhyme scheme used in the last four lines of the poem.

abcd

Pick out an example of Simile from the extract.

At this hour, every particle of the earth throbs like a mother’s heart.


What are the emotions you experience at the thought of going to school?


I am filled with happiness and joy at the thought of going to school. I look forward to have fun, frolic and enjoyment in school and so I get very excited at the very thought.


Children are Going to School … Summary in English


‘Children Going to School’ is a beautiful poem translated from ‘Bachche School Ja Rahe Hai’ written by Nida Fazli. The poem talks about how natural elements like the sky, sun, breezes, fragrant flowers, peepal tree, every particle of the earth and pigeons etc., are happy at the sight of children going to school. They express their happiness in different ways as the children find their way to school.


1.5 A Kabaddi Match 



Describe, in your own words, the important events in the first half.

With the spectators clapping and boosting the morale of both the teams, the match got off to a good start. Having won the toss 9A sent their raider, Govind. Catching the opponent unawares, he touched Suresh from 9B and in no time headed towards home thus scoring a point.

Ravi being a strong player, with the knowledge of the right techniques appeared relaxed as he was aware of his strengths. Mangesh was wrestled down by Ravi and his friend, but Mangesh proved his capability. Even as he was on the ground with the anti¬raiders catching hold of his waist and legs, he slowly inched towards his court.

The best efforts of the anti-raiders failed in pulling him back and Mangesh successfully touched the mid-line scoring three points and getting three players of the anti-raiders out from the game.

Now, 9B began to play by exercising caution. Mihir and one of their raider tasted early success as they managed to tag Sohan in 9A. The other few raids were futile. Now, it was the turn of Vivek, the strategist. The remaining three players from 9B trapped Vivek. He slowly made his way back towards his court with the anti-raiders moving with him.

When they caught Vivek’s arm and tried to pull him back, Vivek slipped his leg beyond the midline with the anti-raiders still hanging onto his arm. Thanks to Vivek’s efforts, the whole of 9B was declared out.

Write in your own words, what happened in the second half.

The half time break was over, the star players of 9A were brimming with confidence. They did an encore by catching hold of ace raiders Mohan, Ajinkya and Ravi. As they say, the best team wins. Since 9A displayed excellence in all areas of the game, they emerged the winners. This coupled with team spirit, their confidence, strategies, swiftness and suppleness helped them emerge the winners beating 9B – a team which had never been defeated in any game of Kabaddi.


6. Read the following note from a school girl’s diary:

Write diary entries for the interesting or important events that take place in your school. Write at least 3 entries.

Dairy 1.

15th June, 2016.

Dear Diary,
Today was the first day of our new academic year. It was a fun filled day meeting new teachers and friends.
I am looking forward to the days ahead. My friends and I have made several plans to make the most of our time in school. The new textbooks are really very informative and colourful.
I am all excited about the days ahead.

– XYZ

Dairy 2.

15th Aug, 2016.

Dear Diary,
We had a tree plantation drive in our school on the occasion of Independence Day. All of us had to take saplings to school. I had taken a mango sapling. I wonder when my sapling will grow into a huge tree. There were posters everywhere, one which said – “Plant and preserve, Plant and protect, Plant and prosper, Plant and perish”.

-XYZ
Dairy 3.

12th Dec, 2016.

Dear Diary,
Today was our Sports Day. It was inaugurated by our Sports Minister. After the speeches, the competitions started. Various competitions were held. The most exciting were the Tug of War and Relay. I won the gold medal in 100 m Running. What an eventful day it was!

-XYZ

 Language Study: Degrees of comparison.

We use different forms of adjectives and adverbs to show comparison. They are known as degrees of comparison.

Positive: Mangesh was as strong as Ravi.
She is as tall as her sister.

Comparative: Mangesh was stronget than other players.
She is taller than her sister.

Superlative: Mungesh was the strongest player in the team.
Their sister is the tallest amongst the three.

Complete the following sentences using your own ideas.


The princess was as …………. as………… . (Positive)

The princess was ……………. than …………….. .(Comparative)

The princess was the ……………. amongst all ………… .(Superlative)
Note that we usually add ‘-er’, ‘-est’ to short adjectives and use more’ or ‘moSt’ with longer adjectives.
Examples:

high – higher – highest
attractive – more attractive – most attractive
nice – nicer – nicest
interesting – more interesting – most interesting

Complete the following sentences using your own ideas.

The princess was as …………. as………… . (Positive)
The princess was ……………. than …………….. .(Comparative)
The princess was the ……………. amongst all ………… .(Superlative)

Answer:

The princess was as beautiful as Princess lane.
The princess was taller than Prince Arthur.
The princess was the best among all girls.

Read the following words and name the degree of comparison shown by each.

good – better – best bad – worse – worst

Answer the following in one or two sentences.

What led to the hopes of class 9 A soaring?

The inclusion of three new students in class 9A, who were outstanding Kabaddi players led to the hopes of the class soaring.

How did the spectators boost the morale of both the teams?

When the match started, all the spectators clapped and boosted the morale of both the teams.

How was the first point of the game scored?

Raider Govind was so swift that before the opponents realised it, he had touched Suresh from 9B and was already heading home and a point was scored.

What was the strength of Ravi from 9B?

Ravi from 9B, was a very strong player and he could single-handedly catch hold of any player tightly in between his legs, twisted like scissors. Releasing oneself from his grip would be next to impossible.

Why was Ravi relaxed?

Ravi was relaxed as he had never dreamt of any strong opposition from any team.

Which quality helped Mangesh to prove his mettle?

The quality of determination helped Mangesh to prove his mettle.

What was the result of Mangesh’s efforts?

Mangesh, through his efforts not only saved himself but was able to score three points for his team as Ravi, Mohan and Ajinkya who were holding him were also declared out.

How was the whole of 9B team declared out?

The three players from 9B trapped Vivek but he slowly moved back towards his court with the three anti-raiders moving with him. When they caught his arm and were trying to pull him back, Vivek slipped his leg beyond the midline with the anti-raiders still hanging on to his arm. Thus, the whole of 9B team was declared out.

What helped 9 A beat 9B who had never tasted defeat earlier in the game of Kabaddi?

9A outplayed 9B in all areas of Kabaddi. Their team spirit, confidence, strategies, swiftness and suppleness helped them to beat 9B who had never tasted defeat before.

Read the following passage and complete the activities that follow.

Prepare a word register for the word ‘sports’.
Answer:
courts, teams, opponents, players

 Extract:
In Kabaddi, two teams of seven members each, face each other on a flat rectangular court, divided by a midline. The game is usually played in two halves with a halftime break in between. After the break, the teams exchange their sides on the court.

To play the game, each team sends ‘raiders’ across the midline to the other team. The raider tries to ‘tag’ the opponents and run back to his side, all in one breath. To show that he hasn’t inhaled again, he has to chant ‘Kabaddi-Kabaddi’ all the time. If he has to inhale again, he is ‘out’.

The opponents try to catch the raider and stop him from going back to his half till he loses his breath, and has to inhale again. If the raider manages to go back successfully, all the persons he has tagged and all those who have touched him are declared out. For each player declared out, the opposite team scores a point. If all the seven players in a team are ‘out’, the opposite team gets bonus points – a Iona. The team with the maximum points wins the match.

The game of Kabaddi requires good health, muscular strength, strategic skills, a lot of practice and above all, great determination.

Which aspects of the game of Kabaddi is highlighted in this extract?

The rules of the game of Kabaddi and the qualities required to excel in this game are title two aspects discussed in this extract

What should each team do to play the game?

To play the game, each team sends ‘raiders’ across the midline to the other team.

What does the raider do?

The raider tries to ‘tag’ the opponents and run back to his side, all in one breath.

Why should the raider chant ‘Kabaddi- Kabaddi’ all the time?

To show that the raider has not inhaled again, the raider has to chant ‘Kabaddi-Kabaddi’ all the time.

When does the opposite team get bonus points?

When all the seven players in a team are ‘out’, the opposite team gets bonus points – Iona.

Which team wins the match?

The team with the maximum points wins the match.

What are the qualities essential to excel at Kabaddi?

To excel in the game of Kabaddi one requires good health, muscular strength, strategic skills, a lot of practice and above all, great determination.

The team with the maximum points wins, the match. (State the word class of the underlined word.)

maximum – adjective

Do you think sports plays an important role in development? Elaborate.

Mahatma Gandhi, has rightly said: “Education is the all-round development of an individual – body, mind and spirit.”
Sports plays an important role in contributing to our physical fitness apart from developing essential values and virtues.

Do as directed.

The school sports meet was scheduled next month. (State the part of speech of the underlined word.)

next – adjective

The practice matches had already begun. (Add a question tag.)

The practice matches had already begun, hadn’t they?

When the match started, all the spectators clapped and boosted the morale of both the teams. (Pick out the action words.)

started, clapped, boosted

9A won the toss and sent their raider Govind. (Begin the sentence with, “Winning the toss ……”)

Winning the toss, 9A sent their raider Govind.

All the players were literally afraid of him. (Pick out the adverb.)

Adverb: literally

Mangesh from 9A was strong. (Form a Wh- question to get the underline word as the answer.)

Who was strong?

Kabaddi is an ancient sport. (Pick out the article.)

an – article

The team with the maximum points wins the match. (Pick out the collective noun.)

team – collective noun

Indian girls and boys have always excelled at Kabaddi. (Pick out the naming words.)

girls, boys, Kabaddi – Naming words

One day, you may help win glory for your school. (Pick out the modal and state its function.)

may – possibility

Change into the positive degree of comparison.

> Kabaddi is the most popular game in this school.

No other game is as popular as Kabaddi in this school.

> Kevin was the strongest player.

No other player was as strong as Kevin.

> Kabaddi is more popular than that game.

This game is not as popular as Kabaddi.

> He is the best Kabaddi player in the school.

No other Kabaddi player in the school is as good as he is.

Name of Kabaddi in different parts of the world.

baibalea – Maldives
hadudu – Bangladesh
kabaddi – Denmark
kabaddi – Kenya
kabaddi – Spain


Writing Skill

Essay:

Write an essay using the points given below.

>!What characteristics are needed to be a good player of Kabaddi?

>  What should we do to develop each of them?

A Good Kabaddi Player
Any player requires various characteristics to emerge as a good player. The game of Kabaddi too requires physical and mental fitness. While good health, muscular strength and strategic skills are essential to emerge a winner, also equally important are other traits. Determination, dedication, devotion, consistency in performance and willingness to give one’s best, too are of paramount importance.

We can acquire these skills if we resolve to do our best and give our hundred percent to the game. Right skills, ample practice and the will to excel will help us reach our goal. Watching Kabaddi matches on television, seeking help from experts, finding one’s weak areas and working on them are ways in which we can develop attributes to become a good Kabaddi player.
‘Hardwork is the key to success’ in Kabaddi or any other game.

Let Us Remember:

“The heights which great men,
Reached and kept,
Were not attained by sudden flight,
They, while their companions slept, were toiling upwards in the night.”

 1.6 The Peacock and the Crane

 Textbook Questions and Answers

1. Read the following sentences carefully and choose the correct meanings.

The peacock had gorgeous tail like no other bird.
1. No other bird had a tail. [ ]
2. The Peacock’s tail was more beautiful than any other bird’s. [ ]
3. All birds had gorgeous tails. [ ]

>> The Peacock’s tail was more beautiful than any other bird’s. [✓]

Fine feathers don’t make fine birds.

1. You cannot use feathers to make birds. [ ]
2. You can judge something by its outward beauty. [ ]
3. Something that looks beautiful may not really be useful. [ ]

>> Something that looks beautiful may not really be useful. [✓]

2. Read the story aloud (or present it) in groups of three – the narrator, the peacock and the crane.

3. Imagine you are the Crane. What actions and words of the Peacock would you not like’? Write about it in short.

The Peacock And The Crane Story Question
Imagine you are the Crane. What actions and words of the Peacock would you not like’? Write about it in short.

I didn’t like the way the peacock scoffed at my colourless and dull feathers, calling it pale, and the way he flaunted his colourful tail to make me feel inferior.
I also did not like the way he boasted about his colourful feathers and the remark that he was dressed like a king.

4. Discuss what a friendly and good- natured peacock would say to a crane. Write his speech. (5-8 lines)

Hello dear friend crane, people call me gorgeous and praise my colourful feathers. But I understand that it is not our outward appearance which matters. What matters are our innate abilities and our inner beauty. I am proud of the fact that you, my friend crane, can fly and scale such great heights and enjoy the beauty of the earth in all its magnificence. Go bird! Explore the world.

Find one more example which shows that a beautiful appearance is not enough.

We as individuals may have extremely beautiful appearance. But if we don’t have a heart to reach out and make a difference in the lives of others, how can we call ourselves beautiful? Inner beauty too is important.

7. Find five adjectives that end with (a) – ‘ful’ and (b) – “less’ then write the antonym of each.

Adjectives with ‘ful’ Words Antonyms
careful × careless
beautiful × ugly
cheerful × grumpy
faithful× unfaithful
harmful × harmless

Adjectives with ‘less’ thoughtless thoughtful
colourless × colourful
merciless × merciful
useless × useful
hopeless × hopeful

8. Start a collection of proverbs.

A proverb is a short, well-known sentence or phrase that gives advice or tells you what is generally true. For example, ‘A stitch in time saves nine’ means ‘If one does something in time or immediately, it saves a lot of work later’. A proverb is also known as a saying. Here are some proverbs for your collection.

> Appearances can be deceptive.

> Do not judge by appearance; a rich heurt may be under a poor coat.

> All that glitters is not gold.

> You can’t tell a book by its cover.

> Clothes do not make the man.

> Try, try till you succeed.

> Slow and steady wins the race.

> Still waters run deep.

> Make hay while the sun shines.

> Pride goes before a fall.

Answer the following questions in one or two sentences.

How was the peacock in the story unique?

The peacock in the story was unique as he had a gorgeous tail like no other bird.

Why did the peacock spread his own colourful tail?

The peacock spread his own colourful tail to show off and for the crane to see and admire.

Which line in the extract tells us that the peacock was extremely pompous?

The line: ‘I am dressed like a king!’ tells us that the peacock was extremely pompous.

What did the crane compare the peacock to?

The crane compared the peacock to any other cock.

What did you learn from this fable?

I learnt from this fable that our physical appearance has very little significance as compared to our capacities, capabilities, abilities and our inner strength.

Read the following extract and answer the questions given below.

State whether the following statements are true or false:
a. The peacock was extremely humble and polite.
b. The crane’s feathers shone in all colours of the rainbow.
Answer:
a. False
b. False

Who does the fable deal with?

The fable deals with the conceited peacock and the crane.

What tells us that the peacock was extremely boastful?

The peacock spread its shiny feathers in all colours of the rainbow for crane to see and admire. He also compared it to the crane’s pale feathers. He added that he was dressed like a king. This tells us that he was extremely boastful.

How did the crane react to the peacock’s criticism?

The crane agreed with the peacock that his feathers were pale but added that he could fly high above, among the clouds and stars. He could see the beauty of the earth in all its glory, while the peacock lived down there just like any other cock.

What did the peacock scoff at?

The peacock scoffed at the crane’s colourless and dull feathers.

Fine feathers don’t make fine birds. (Separate the subject and predicate)

Subject:Fine feathers
Predicate: don’t make fine birds

Find the odd word: other, own, my, so

so: The rest are used as adjectives.

Complete the list of adjective words associated with nature:

Answer:
a. bird               Bird
b. ……………………. Rainbow
c. …………………….. Clouds
d. …………………….. Stars

Language Study

Do as directed:

There was once a very conceited peacock who had a gorgeous tail like no other bird.

(State the parts of speech of the underlined words.)

once, very: Adverbs conceited, gorgeous: Adjectives

Look at my feather. (State the type of sentence)

Answer:
Imperative sentence.

I am dressed like a king! (Pick out the article)

Answer:

a

That’s true. (Pick out the contraction and state what it stands for.)

that’s : that is

Fine feathers don’t make fine birds. (Add a question tag)

Fine feathers don’t make fine birds, do they?

Make sentences using the following phrases.

to be conceited: We should not be conceited as it mars our beauty, our personality.

to admire: I admire our freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the sake of our motherland.

to boast: India can boast of the progress it made in the last few years in the field of science and technology.

Give the noun forms of:

a. conceited : conceit
b. dull : dullness
c. see : sight
d. admire : admiration
e. pale : paleness
f. true : truth
g. high : height

Give the adjective forms of:

a. beauty : beautiful
b. glory : glorious

Letter writing:

Write a letter to your friend who is friendless and all alone because your classmates consider her to be arrogant and proud.

A/1934 Prakruti Sadan,
Sahara Road,
Andheri (East),
Mumbai – 400 099
20th June, 2016.

Dear Rita,
I know it is funny writing to you! After all we meet in school everyday.
I am writing this letter as a continuation of the conversation we had yesterday, wherein you said you were depressed because not many in the class are friendly to you.
Dear friend, remember the real reason lies in your nature. Not to me, but to many, you appear as a person filled with excessive pride. I know they are wrong, but at the same time it is important to come across as a friendly and approachable person.
The way we deal with people and our choice of words, all contribute towards our acceptance by others.
Please don’t misunderstand me, but your words and your actions sometimes forces others to conclude that you are an extremely arrogant and proud girl. So, one way to make more friends is to change your nature.
Remember, I am and will always be your friend.
With love.

Your friend,

XYZ

The Peacock and the Crane Summary in English

The peacock boasted of having the most gorgeous tail, which shine in all colours of the rainbow, but that too has its own limitations.
The crane possessed colourless and dull feathers, but he was not affected by the peacock’s display of its colourful tail. He was fully aware of its inner potential and what he was capable of. Unlike the peacock, he could fly high above, among the clouds and stars and witness the beauty of the earth in all its splendour.

1.7 Param Vir Chakra: Our Heroes

Textbook Questions and Answers
 
1. Read the passage and answer the following questions:

What is ‘Param Vir Chakra’?

Param Vir Chakra is India’s highest military decoration awarded for the most conspicuous bravery of some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice by our brave soilders, in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea, or in the air.

What is seen on the obverse and reverse of the PVC medal?

On the obverse, it has the Indian National Emblem at the centre, surrounded by four replicas of ‘Indra’s Vajra’. On the reverse, the words Param Vir Chakra are engraved in Hindi and English with two lotus flowers in between them.

Who designed the PVC medal?

The Param Vir Chakra medal was designed by Savitribai Khanolkar.

What makes Indra’s Vajra or thunderbolt invincible?

The Indra’s Vajra or thunderbolt was fashioned from the bones of Sage Dadhichi, and the supreme sacrifice of the Sage makes the weapon invincible.

2. Write the story of Sage Dadhichi’s sacrifice in your own words.

Many, many years ago, a demon set out on a mission: stealing all the water in the world! The consequence was very serious. Innocent people suffered and lost their lives. They had no water to quench their thirst. Defeating this demon with an ordinary weapon was not possible.

An extraordinary weapon was required. Sage Dadhichi whose bone had extraordinary power was the only person who could save the people from the clutches of the demon. But how could anyone ask a man for his bones?

A noble man that Sage Dadhichi was, he himself sacrificed his life and gave his own bones to help the people. Using the bones of Sage Dadhichi, Indra’s weapon of thunderbolt was designed, and this matchless weapon helped Indra to defeat the demon. Through Sage Dadhichi’s sacrifice, we learn the value of selflessness and the significance of sacrificing our own life for the larger good.

3. Read aloud the account of how Flying Officer Nirmal iii Singh Sekhon sacrificed his life lo defend our country.

Sending them sweets on festive occasions.
Collecting funds and contributing it towards various initiatives organised by soldiers.
Visiting them and organising cultural programmes for them.
Writing letters to them and expressing our gratitude to them for giving us a sense of security.
Inviting them to the school on occasions like Independence Day, Republic Day etc., and deriving inspiration from their words of wisdom.

5. Find more information about the Indian Armed Forces: The Army, the Navy and the Air Force.

The Indian Armed Forces: the Army, the Navy and the Air Force are the military forces of our country. They are supported by paramilitary organisations.
Indian Air Force is the air arm of the IAF. The highest rank is Air Marshal.
Indian Army is the land based branch commanded by a 4 star General or the Chief of Army Staff.
Indian Navy is the naval branch. The chief of Naval staff is a 4 star officer in the rank of Admiral.

Rank of Air Force Officers
Marshal → Air Chief Marshal
Air Vice – Marshal → Air Commodore
Group Captain → Wing Commander
Squadron Leader → Flight Lieutenent Flying Officer

4. What can you do to show your love, respect and support to the soldiers who fight for the country?

Discuss this in the classroom. For example, you can send greeting cards to them on various occasions, with the help of your teacher.

Sometimes, we use two or three adjectives together to describe a noun. In such cases, the order in which adjectives are used depends on the meaning. The adjectives that express/show your opinion about something are usually put first. The other adjectives are normally put in the following order:
size, age, shape, colour, origin, material, use or purpose.

Examples:

a nice little basket
a brave young woman.
a big red, plastic bag.
a noisy, old, drilling machine

Answer the following questions in one or two sentences.

How are the brave deeds of our brave soldiers honoured?

The brave deeds of our brave soldiers are honoured by bestowing military decorations on them.

Which is India’s highest military decorations?

The Param Vir Chakra is India’s highest military decoration.

Why is the Param Vir Chakra awarded?

The Param Vir Chakra is awarded for the most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice, in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air.

Where does the Indian Military derive its inspiration from?

The Indian Military derives its strength and inspiration from the sacrifice of the bravest of the brave – The Param Vir Chakra holders.

Complete the fact file on: The Param Vir Chakra

Name of the : The Param Vir Chakra medal
Name of the : Savitribai Khanolkar designer:
Description : Made of bronze, fitted with swivel mounting and has a plain purple ribbon.
Obverse of the : Has the Indian National PVC medal Emblem at the centre surrounded by four replicas of iridra’s Vajra.’
Reverse of the : The words ‘Param Vir PVC Medal Chakra’ are engraved in Hindi and English, with two lotus flowers between them.

Pre-reading Activity

Which martyr is paid tribute to in this extract?

Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon is the martyr who is paid tribute to in this extract.

What happened on the 14th of December, 1971?

On the 14th of December, 1971, Srinagar Airfield was attacked by a wave of six enemy Sabre aircraft.

What problem did Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon encounter?

Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon who was on readiness duty could not take off immediately because of the clouds of dust raised by another aircraft.

Give a brief account of the act of valour displayed by Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon.

Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon took off in his Gnat fighter the moment he could. He began to combat the powerful Sabre jet aircraft of the enemy. He damaged two of them. His fight with the attacking aircraft then continued at tree-top height. At last, the enemy aircraft fled from the scene of battle. The airfield and the town of Srinagar were saved.

How did Flying Officer Sekhon lose his life?

Even though Flying Officer Sekhon succeeded in forcing the enemy aircraft to retreat, and the airfield and town of Srinagar were saved, unfortunately Flying Officer Skehon’s aircraft too crashed, and he lost his life.

Which qualities did Flying Officer Sekhon display?

Flying Officer Sekhon displayed great flying skill and determination in the face of certain death. He also showed unmatched heroism above and beyond the call of duty.

He damaged two of them. (Change the voice.)

Two of them were damaged by him.

Circle the odd word: plain purple ribbon (power)

power

How has the account of bravery displayed by Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon inspired you? Write in detail.


The bravery displayed by Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon has inspired me to give my best for my nation’s safety and security. It has aroused the value of patriotism in me and I am also willing to make the highest sacrifice for my motherland.

Do as directed.

Their brave deeds are honoured by bestowing military decorations on them. (Pick out the adjectives.)

Adjectives – brave, military

Param Vir Chakra is India’s highest military decoration. (Change the degree of comparison.)

No other military decoration in India is as high as Param Vir Chakra.

The Param Vir Chakra is a very rare honour. (Make it exclamatory.)

What a rare honour the Param Vir Chakra is!

Fourteen of these awards were given posthumously. (Pick out the adverb.)

Adverb – posthumously

Something extraordinary was required. (Form a Wh-question to get the underlined part as the answer.)

What was required?

Innocent people were suffering and dying without water. (Use not only… but also.)

Innocent people were not only suffering but also dying without water.

Sage Dadhichi was a noble person. (Make it Interrogative).

Wasn’t Sage Dadhichi a noble person?

The airfield and the town of Srinagar were saved. (Separate the Subject and Predicate.)

Subject: The airfield and the town of Srinagar Predicate: were saved.

The medal itself is very simple in appearance. (Pick out the naming word.)

Naming word – medal

Savitribai loved India and took Indian citizenship. (Pick out two proper nouns.)

Savitribai, India

Give the antonyms of:

past × present
presence × absence
strength × weakness
clear × unclear
powerful × weak
certain × uncertain

Make sentences using the following phrases.

to take off: The flight took off before he arrived at the airport.

to attack: The enemy attacked the kingdom and took everyone by surprise.

to show unmatched heroism: The soldier displayed unmatched heroism before sacrificing his life for his motherland

Use two or three adjectives together to describe a noun.

A sweet, little girl.
A courageous, brave soldier.
A fragrant, red rose.
A long, pink gown.
A small, green parrot.
An old, pleasant, cheerful man.
A kind, compassionate, helpful lady.

Param Vir Chakra: Our Heroes Summary in English

The author begins by narrating the sacrifice of Sage Dadhichi who laid down his life and gave his own bones for the larger good. He did this to help the people from a demon who had stolen all the water in the world. Indra’s Vajra – Indra’s weapon of thunderbolt was fashioned from Sage Dadhichi’s bones and the demon was defeated.

According to him, just as Indra’s Vajra derived power from sage Dadhichi’s bones, the Indian military derives its strength and power from the sacrifice of the bravest of the brave – the Param Vir Chakra holders.

The lesson goes on to describe the Param Vir Chakra medal. It also provides us a list of 21 bravest of the brave i.e., Param Vir. The lesson also provides information about the bravery and sacrifice made by selfless patriot Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon, a Param Vir. Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon sacrificed his life to save an airfield and town of Srinagar from the enemy. Let us derive inspiration from our brave, selfless soldiers and be willing to make the final sacrifice for our country, our motherland, India.




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